Find your next job fast at the Jan. 28 Virtual Career Fair. Register now.
Opinion
Teaching Profession Commentary

Listening to the Music Of Teaching

By Paul Shaker — January 10, 2001 5 min read
Can the instructional gifts we prize in great teachers be captured in standarized professional knowledge tests?

Lately, I have been working on a paper analyzing teacher testing with particular emphasis on those tests that measure professional knowledge, as distinct from subject-matter knowledge. Such tests purport to identify a candidate’s command of the pedagogy vital to effective teaching, rather than the arts and science content of a teacher’s education. I find such tests offensive because they presume that the act of teaching can be so narrowly and unambiguously defined. Education has always been a special joy for me because of my own teachers. I cannot imagine how the instructional gifts I prized in them and still remember could be homogenized and reduced to a timed, objective standardized test.

Mrs. Anthony, for example, was perhaps the most senior of my high school teachers. She was truly a throwback to another era. Her demeanor, her methods, her classroom environment were transplanted from the 1930s. Her field was Latin, and she took us from Caesar, through Ovid and Cicero, to Virgil and the Aeneid. She never left her desk during class. Her grade book was top secret. It didn’t matter who your daddy was, if you couldn’t do the grammar and translation, your grade reflected it. She disciplined with a glance or a glare.

Latin class was a trip to the past in more ways than one, and I enjoyed four years of it. The lessons of Rome were there to be learned, if one were committed, and the rewards are lasting a lifetime. Mrs. Anthony deepened my appreciation for the structure of language, for precision in expression, for the reverence we owe to what has gone before. I would compare the experience of her class with the mesmerizing quality of listening to Gregorian chant.

Mr. Ford, who taught us mathematics through calculus, had every segment of every lesson for 2½ years of curriculum sequenced and correlated with tests and overhead slides. One dared not miss a single lesson, lest he fall out of the cumulative structure Mr. Ford had created. He challenged students to move well into the advanced, abstract college curriculum that awaited us. At the same time, for those of us with a more practical bent, he built applied experiences, such as surveying, into the courses.

Being Mr. Ford’s student was to learning as Bach’s “Two- and Three-Part Inventions” are to listening. He was, on the other hand, not the teacher one would go to with a broken heart or because you were cut from the team. Like all good teachers, Mr. Ford was not all things to all people, nor should he have been. He was a vital part of a faculty that, together, composed my school world.


Another I remember was Mr. Morisa, a “science guy” who never lost his curiosity or the joy of seeing others learn. His appreciation of science far exceeded what we sophomores were able to grasp, and he made the experience more elusive by declining to use a textbook. He taught us from lecture, demonstration, experiment, and library resources. This approach was unnerving and stretched us big time. All the while, we could see his enormous sense of humor gleaming through: delivering the unexpected, refusing to see his beloved discipline packaged, keeping the essence of science— discovery—alive in his class.

Mr. Morisa was a role model for the young scientists among us. I would associate klezmer music with him and, not surprisingly, his origins were Hungarian. He operated beyond the conventional wisdom of teaching and broke the rules to the benefit of his students.


Jim Clancy taught speech and literature and coached our forensics team. He was fresh out of college and of a younger generation than were his faculty colleagues. He had a relaxed relationship with the curriculum: He didn’t make us grind through masses of material, nor were his tests overly difficult. What characterized his classroom, however, was his love of the writings of the Lost Generation. When he taught this literature, his feelings shined through. We could see a person whose life had been shaped by encounters with great novelists. And we learned that this could happen to us, too.

On countless Saturdays, Mr. Clancy traveled with us around the state, fostering our development as public speakers and debaters, giving his time freely to us in a very personal way. I think of Erik Satie’s “Gymnopédies” when I remember those days. Some great teaching goes beyond discipline, into the realm of emotion.

Coach Dimoro, on the other hand, was what I would call a progressive militarist, if you can imagine the combination. His modus operandi was discipline, drill, running, and calisthenics. All of these, though, were used in a larger context, one of commitment to excellence in performance and in student achievement.

Every student in my high school participated in the many intramural programs Coach Dimoro operated (for no pay and fewer thanks). His baseball team played its way to state rankings every year. He awakened many of us to the physical potential of our bodies, and to a concern for health and fitness. To this day, he remains focused on excellence, and his standards often exceed what is politically acceptable.

If any student needed someone of courage to stand up for him, he would seek out Coach Dimoro. When I think of him, I think of Henryk Górecki’s “Symphony No. 3,” because the path of high ideals is, more often than not, a lonely one.

As students, we vary widely, and a fine school, like a proper university, provides us with a range of experiences that differ essentially—not just cosmetically. We may learn from pedagogy that is in tune with our learning style, but we also may learn irreplaceable lessons from teachers who challenge us in discomforting ways.

One result of such discomfort, in my case, was that most of the teachers I have profiled were the objects of “parental revolts” while I was in high school. Their versions of excellence drew severe objections from influential townspeople. Because they had integrity in the practice of their profession, these teachers challenged privileged students. And they suffered the consequences.

After many decades in education, I am more convinced than ever of the value of these teachers’ work. At the same time, I believe less than ever that we can measure such teachers’ professional knowledge on a multiple-choice test. They had diverse, subtle, and sophisticated means of teaching us. Their methods were their own and as complex as their personalities. Teaching for them was an art, an act of love, and a gift of optimism for their students. I hear their music today—and every day.

Paul Shaker is the dean of the school of education and human development at California State University-Fresno. He graduated from Niles (Ohio) McKinley High School in 1965.

Related Tags:

A version of this article appeared in the January 10, 2001 edition of Education Week as Listening to the Music Of Teaching

Events

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
School & District Management Webinar
Branding Matters. Learn From the Pros Why and How
Learn directly from the pros why K-12 branding and marketing matters, and how to do it effectively.
Content provided by EdWeek Top School Jobs
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
School & District Management Webinar
How to Make Learning More Interactive From Anywhere
Join experts from Samsung and Boxlight to learn how to make learning more interactive from anywhere.
Content provided by Samsung
Teaching Live Online Discussion A Seat at the Table With Education Week: How Educators Can Respond to a Post-Truth Era
How do educators break through the noise of disinformation to teach lessons grounded in objective truth? Join to find out.

EdWeek Top School Jobs

BASE Program Site Director
Thornton, CO, US
Adams 12 Five Star Schools
Director of Information Technology
Montpelier, Vermont
Washington Central UUSD
Great Oaks AmeriCorps Fellow August 2021 - June 2022
New York City, New York (US)
Great Oaks Charter Schools
Director of Athletics
Farmington, Connecticut
Farmington Public Schools

Read Next

Teaching Profession Opinion What Your Students Will Remember About You
The best teachers care about students unconditionally but, at the same time, ask them to do things they can’t yet do.
2 min read
Images shows a stylized artistic landscape with soothing colors.
Getty
Teaching Profession High Risk for COVID-19 and Forced Back to Class: One Teacher's Story
One theater teacher in Austin has a serious heart condition and cancer, but was denied the ability to work remotely. Here is her story.
9 min read
Austin High School musical theater teacher and instructional coach Annie Dragoo has three underlying health conditions noted by the CDC as being high-risk for coronavirus complications, but was denied a waiver to continue working from home in 2021.
Austin High School musical theater teacher and instructional coach Annie Dragoo has three underlying health conditions noted by the CDC as being high-risk for coronavirus complications, but was denied a waiver to continue working from home in 2021.
Julia Robinson for Education Week
Teaching Profession Photos What Education Looked Like in 2020
A visual recap of K-12 education in 2020 across the United States.
1 min read
On Sept. 24, 2020, distance learners are seen on a laptop held by teacher Kristen Giuliano who assists student Jane Wood, 11, in a seventh-grade social studies class at Dodd Middle School in Cheshire, Conn. Many schools around the state have closed temporarily during the school year because of students or staff testing positive for COVID-19. Within the first week of November 2020, nearly 700 students and more than 300 school staff around Connecticut tested positive, according to the state Department of Public Health.
Teacher Kristen Giuliano assists Jane Wood, 11, during a 7th grade social studies class in September at Dodd Middle School in Cheshire, Conn., while other students join the class remotely from home.
Dave Zajac/Record-Journal via AP
Teaching Profession Teachers Are Already Getting COVID-19 Vaccines
Some counties in Indiana began vaccinating teachers this week, ahead of schedule.
4 min read
Valerie Kelly, a 5th grade teacher in Vincennes, Ind., receives the first dose of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine on Dec. 28, 2020.
Valerie Kelly, a 5th grade teacher in Vincennes, Ind., receives the first dose of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine on Dec. 28.
Courtesy of Valerie Kelly