School & District Management

Panel: U.S. Education Woes Threaten Nation’s Security

By Jaclyn Zubrzycki — March 27, 2012 3 min read

The United States must improve its education system or risk imperiling national security and the economy, according to a new report from a blue-ribbon panel convened by the Council on Foreign Relations.

The product of the 30-member task force chaired by former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Joel I. Klein, former chancellor of the New York City public schools, the report cites statistics demonstrating the failures of the school system and recommends more school choice, an annual nationwide audit of educational achievement, and national standards in subjects such as civics and foreign languages.

Four commission members, however, penned dissents distancing themselves from aspects of the report.

The report cites the small number of U.S. students studying science and technology in postsecondary schools: More than half of all doctoral degrees in physics and engineering are awarded to foreign students. It points to low scores overall on standardized tests, including the National Assessment of Educational Progress, and the Program for International Student Assessment, as indicators of an underdeveloped “human capacity.” The report also notes that 75 percent of Americans between 17 and 24 are ineligible for the armed services, due to obesity, a criminal record, lack of a high school diploma, or inability to pass the armed-forces entrance test.

“A world-class education system is vital to preserving not just the country’s physical security but also to reinforcing the broader components of American leadership, such as economic dynamism, an informed and active democracy, and a coterie of informed professionals willing and able to live and serve around the world,” wrote Richard N. Haass, the president of the New York City-based Council on Foreign Relations, in an introduction to the report.

At a press conference unveiling the report, Ms. Rice and Mr. Klein stressed that public education plays a unique role in forging a national identity. “If we are not one nation, we cannot defend one nation.” Ms. Rice said.

Beyond English

The report calls for strengthening instruction in civics and foreign languages and including them in the Common Core State Standards initiative in order to foster civic awareness, improve U.S. students’ competitiveness and technological savvy, and meet the need for foreign service workers skilled in languages like Russian and Chinese.

“It’s about time,” said Shuhan C. Wang, the deputy director of the National Foreign Language Center at the University of Maryland in College Park, applauding the report’s academic focus. Studying languages has “cognitive, social, and cultural benefits, and it improves ... national security and national prosperity,” Ms. Wang said, noting that the lack of a national policy on language learning is rare among industrialized countries. The report also recommends more choice in K-12 education through charter schools, vouchers, and similar programs. At the conference, Ms. Rice described competitiveness in education as a national strength. “Higher education in the U.S. is the gold standard internationally ... because of the competition and ... the multiplicity of choices,” she said.

The audit called for in the report would study whether “students are learning the skills and knowledge necessary to safeguard America’s future security and prosperity,” including “creative problem-solving” and technology skills.

Some panelists agreed with aspects of the report, such as its description of the importance of schools in American society, but disputed other claims and recommendations. The report “says a troubled public education system is a ‘very grave national security threat facing the country,’ but it offers only anecdotal evidence to support this unconvincing claim,” Steven M. Walt, a professor of international affairs at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, wrote in one dissent.

"[It] advocates privatization, competition, and market-based approaches that, while compelling, have not worked in a scalable and sustainable way either here or abroad,” wrote Randi Weingarten, the president of the American Federation of Teachers, in a dissent co-signed by Carole Artigiani, the founder of the nonprofit Global Kids, Stanford University scholar Linda Darling-Hammond, and Mr. Walt.

David C. Berliner, an education professor at Arizona State University, in Tempe, who was not on the panel, said the report’s basic message was not new. “Many books were written about my generation, pointing out that we were idiots. ... Certainly the nation was imperiled then,” he said. But that generation “turned the 20th century into the American century.”

A version of this article appeared in the March 28, 2012 edition of Education Week as Panel: U.S. Education Woes Threaten Nation’s Security

Events

Classroom Technology Webinar Making Big Technology Decisions: Advice for District Leaders, Principals, and Teachers
Educators at all levels make decisions that can have a huge impact on students. That’s especially true when it comes to the use of technology, which was activated like never before to help students learn
Professional Development Webinar Expand Digital Learning by Expanding Teacher Training
This discussion will examine how things have changed and offer guidance on smart, cost-effective ways to expand digital learning efforts and train teachers to maximize the use of new technologies for learning.
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Student Well-Being Webinar
The Social-Emotional Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on American Schoolchildren
Hear new findings from an analysis of our 300 million student survey responses along with district leaders on new trends in student SEL.
Content provided by Panorama

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

School & District Management Opinion One Simple Way for Principals to Boost Students’ Unfinished Learning
Instruction improves when teachers remain in their current grades, write researchers Heather C. Hill and Susanna Loeb.
5 min read
Conceptual illustration of people running around a career track.
Vanessa Solis/Education Week and Getty Images
School & District Management Opinion How Did Ed. Leaders Decide Whether to Reopen Schools In Person Last Fall?
As school leaders face tough reopening decisions amid Delta variant concerns, we must understand how those decisions were made last year.
Douglas N. Harris & Katharine O. Strunk
4 min read
Protesters rally outside the San Diego Unified School District headquarters demanding that schools reopen for in-person learning and that voters oust some of the sitting school board members on Oct. 27, 2020 in San Diego.
Protesters rally outside the San Diego Unified School District headquarters demanding that schools reopen for in-person learning and that voters oust some of the sitting school board members on Oct. 27, 2020 in San Diego.
Sam Hodgson/The San Diego Union-Tribune via TNS
School & District Management Opinion Schools Faced a Massive Systems Failure During the Pandemic. How Do We Fix It?
Education leaders can (and must) find common purpose in the face of COVID-19, writes one superintendent.
Laura Kagy
2 min read
Hands hold up gears together.
Vanessa Solis/Education Week and Getty Images
School & District Management 4 Ways to Keep Staff and Students Safe From the Delta Variant
Just as schools reopen, a super-contagious COVID-19 variant is infecting people nationwide at alarming rates. Here's what schools can do.
5 min read
Students and parents walk into school on the first day of school at Enrique S. Camarena Elementary School on July 21, 2021, in Chula Vista, Calif.
Students and parents walk into school on the first day of school at Enrique S. Camarena Elementary School on July 21, 2021, in Chula Vista, Calif.
Denis Poroy/AP