Opinion
Reading & Literacy Letter to the Editor

Reading for Pleasure Can Close ‘Vocabulary Gap’ at Any Age

May 12, 2015 1 min read

To the Editor:

Children of poverty clearly have slower vocabulary development, and this appears to be related not only to the quantity but also the quality of their interaction with parents (“Research on Quality of Conversation Holds Deeper Clues Into Word Gap,” April 22, 2015).

Rather than intervene and give parents “conversation training,” as is described in your article, we might consider simpler solutions.

First, despite the fact that Susan Neuman, a New York University professor of education and department chair, has misgivings about read-alouds, there is substantial evidence that even a modest effort to provide books and basic guidance in read-alouds has a substantial effect on vocabulary growth. Especially interesting are a series of studies using the methods undertaken by the literacy nonprofit group Reach Out and Read, in which books and guidance are provided during well-child clinic visits.

Second, we can encourage self-selected free voluntary reading as soon as children can read independently. A recent study by Alice Sullivan and Matt Brown of the Center for Longitudinal Studies at the University of London confirmed that we can increase our vocabulary by reading at any age: The impact of reading on vocabulary development in older readers is independent of the level of poverty of their parents.

So-called “late intervention” is powerful. A child of poverty who becomes a dedicated pleasure reader will rapidly close not only the vocabulary gap, but the literacy gap in general.

Stephen Krashen

Professor Emeritus

Rossier School of Education

University of Southern California

Los Angeles, Calif.

A version of this article appeared in the May 13, 2015 edition of Education Week as Reading for Pleasure Can Close ‘Vocabulary Gap’ at Any Age

Events

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Professional Development Webinar
Building Leadership Excellence Through Instructional Coaching
Join this webinar for a discussion on instructional coaching and ways you can link your implement or build on your program.
Content provided by Whetstone Education/SchoolMint
Teaching Webinar Tips for Better Hybrid Learning: Ask the Experts What Works
Register and ask your questions about hybrid learning to our expert panel.
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Families & the Community Webinar
Family Engagement for Student Success With Dr. Karen Mapp
Register for this free webinar to learn how to empower and engage families for student success featuring Karen L. Mapp.
Content provided by Panorama Education & PowerMyLearning

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Superintendent, Mount Pleasant CSD
Thornwood, New York
Hazard, Young, Attea & Associates
Instructional Designer Level 2
United States
K12 Inc.
Director of Headstart
New Haven, CT, US
New Haven Public Schools
Director of Headstart
New Haven, CT, US
New Haven Public Schools

Read Next

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Reading & Literacy Whitepaper
These Top 5 Tips will help you get 90% of your Students Reading at Grade Level
So what does it take to get to achieve over 90% of students reading at or above grade level? Read our top 5 tips to find out!
Content provided by Learning Ovations
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Reading & Literacy Whitepaper
The Best Kept Secret Every K-3 Literacy Initiative Needs
In this whitepaper, you will read about how our professional support system has been proven to get over 90% of students reading at, or above, grade-level.
Content provided by Learning Ovations
Reading & Literacy Spotlight Spotlight on the Science of Reading
In this Spotlight, review what the science says about reading and rediscover the struggles commonly seen.
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Reading & Literacy Whitepaper
Disciplinary Literacy: Strategies for Success
In this white paper, Angela Singer suggests that it is the responsibility of all educators to incorporate literacy instruction that promo...
Content provided by Mentoring Minds