School Climate & Safety

Districts Rated on Terrorism Preparations

By Mary Ann Zehr — October 01, 2004 5 min read

The Chicago and Detroit school systems have received failing grades in a report from a New York City-based nonprofit group on their preparedness to respond to possible acts of terrorism in or near their schools.

“America Prepared Releases Study on Terrorism Preparedness in 20 Largest School Districts,” is available online from the America Prepared Campaign. (Requires Adobe’s Acrobat Reader.)

But officials from those districts challenged the methodology used in the report, released this month by the America Prepared Campaign. They said that the evaluations of their school emergency plans weren’t comprehensive—a point echoed by a leading expert on school safety.

School shootings and the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, spurred school leaders in many districts to develop or update detailed plans on how to respond to emergencies, including acts of terror. (“As Alert Issued, Schools Urged to Review Security,” Feb. 19, 2003.)

After Chechen separatists took over a Russian school this month and subsequently massacred hundreds of hostages, including children, the specter of terrorism targeted at schools became even more stark.

In its 71-page report, the America Prepared Campaign—whose chairman is Steven Brill, the founder of Court TV—focuses on the quality of emergency-response plans in the 20 largest school districts in the United States, excluding the school systems of Hawaii and Puerto Rico.

“We tested the [U.S.] Department of Education guide [for crisis planning] produced last year,” said Allison Phinney, the author of the report and the outreach manager for the America Prepared Campaign, a nonpartisan group financed by private foundations that urges Americans to prepare their homes and families for disasters, including possible terrorist attacks. “Have the schools lived up to that guide?”

The researchers for the new report evaluated the districts based on three criteria that they derived from the federal guide, “Practical Information on Crisis Planning: A Guide For Schools and Communities.”

Those criteria were the quality of a district’s emergency plans, the extent to which the district conducts monthly drills of those plans, and how well the district communicates the details of its plans to parents. Of the 20 school districts evaluated, only the Chicago and Detroit schools received “failing” grades.

Three school systems—Fairfax County in Virginia, Montgomery County in Maryland, and Palm Beach County in Florida— received a “best” grade.

Criteria Questioned

Preparedness Ratings
A new study by an advocacy organization evaluates 20 large school districts on how prepared they are to deal with a terrorist attack.
District Category
Broward County, Fla. Needs improvement
Chicago Failing
Clark County, Nev. Needs improvement
Dallas Needs improvement
Detroit Failing
Duval County, Fla. Needs improvement
Fairfax County, Va. Best
Gwinnett County, Ga. Good
Hillsborough County, Fla. Good
Houston Good
Los Angeles Good
Memphis Good
Miami-Dade County, Fla. Good
Montgomery County, Md. Best
New York City Needs improvement
Orange County, Fla. Unable to be categorized
Palm Beach County, Fla. Best
Philadelphia Needs improvement
Prince George’s County, Md. Good
San Diego Needs improvement
SOURCE: America Prepared Campaign

The researchers based their evaluations on telephone interviews with school staff and community members, an examination of public documents, and some face-to-face interviews with school safety employees.

Kenneth S. Trump, the president of National School Safety and Security Services, a private consulting company based in Cleveland, criticized the methodology of the report. He said that it lacked comprehensiveness.

“I have serious reservations about placing specific schools in one- or two-word categories of preparedness, especially when it is based on a half-dozen or dozen phone interviews and a limited review of off-site documents,” Mr. Trump said.

Ms. Phinney countered that the evaluations were comprehensive enough to produce valid grades for the scope of the project.

The report devotes four pages to evaluating Chicago’s preparedness for emergencies. It maintains that 25 percent of schools in the 434,400-student system don’t have emergency plans of any kind, and it asserts that the district’s safety director doesn’t have regular contact with his counterparts at the Chicago police and fire departments.

The evaluation also says that only 41 percent of parents in the Chicago area, surveyed in August by the America Prepared Campaign, thought that their schools had emergency plans for a terrorist attack or major natural disaster.

Mike Vaughn, a spokesman for Chicago public schools, disputed the findings of the report last week, saying that the evaluation wasn’t comprehensive and that it contained errors.

“They never set foot in a single one of our schools,” he said.

He noted that the researchers from the America Prepared Campaign interviewed by telephone principals at about a dozen schools, while the school system has about 600 schools. He said that although the evaluation said 25 percent of schools didn’t have emergency plans on file, in fact that figure referred to schools that hadn’t updated their plans recently.

Every school in the district has an emergency plan on file, Mr. Vaughn said. He added that it was “ludicrous” that the evaluation suggested the district’s safety staff didn’t have a close relationship with the police department. The system’s safety director worked for the police department for 30 years, he said, and every school in the district has its own police officer.

Detroit Drills

Stephen Hill, the executive director for risk management for the 145,000-student Detroit public schools, also challenged the “failing” grade his school system received. He said that the two people who inter- viewed him face to face didn’t ask detailed questions and didn’t have any personal experience in emergency preparedness or crisis intervention.

The report says, for example, that “it is unclear whether or not Detroit public schools are performing regular fire drills, let alone other emergency drills.” Mr. Hill said the researchers never asked for records of drills performed, though the district keeps such records.

Ms. Phinney said that her organization sent the district a letter by fax asking for such records.

Related Tags:


Student Well-Being Webinar Boosting Teacher and Student Motivation During the Pandemic: What It Takes
Join Alyson Klein and her expert guests for practical tips and discussion on how to keep students and teachers motivated as the pandemic drags on.
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Student Well-Being Webinar
A Holistic Approach to Social-Emotional Learning
Register to learn about the components and benefits of holistically implemented SEL.
Content provided by Committee for Children
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Student Well-Being Webinar
How Principals Can Support Student Well-Being During COVID
Join this webinar for tips on how to support and prioritize student health and well-being during COVID.
Content provided by Unruly Studios

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Interdisciplinary STEAM Specialist
Smyrna, Georgia
St. Benedict's Episcopal School
Interdisciplinary STEAM Specialist
Smyrna, Georgia
St. Benedict's Episcopal School
Arizona School Data Analyst - (AZVA)
Arizona, United States
K12 Inc.
Software Engineer
Portland, OR, US
Northwest Evaluation Association

Read Next

School Climate & Safety Opinion Teaching's 'New Normal'? There's Nothing Normal About the Constant Threat of Death
As the bizarre becomes ordinary, don't forget what's at stake for America's teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic, writes Justin Minkel.
4 min read
14Minkel IMG
School Climate & Safety Letter to the Editor Invisibility to Inclusivity for LGBTQ Students
To the Editor:
I read with interest “The Essential Traits of a Positive School Climate” (Special Report: “Getting School Climate Right: A Guide for Principals,” Oct. 14, 2020). The EdWeek Research Center survey of principals and teachers provides interesting insight as to why there are still school climate issues for LGBTQ students.
1 min read
School Climate & Safety As Election 2020 Grinds On, Young Voters Stay Hooked
In states like Georgia, the push to empower the youth vote comes to fruition at a time when “every vote counts” is more than just a slogan.
6 min read
Young people celebrate the presidential election results in Atlanta. Early data on the 2020 turnout show a spike in youth voting, with Georgia, which faces a pair of senatorial runoffs, an epicenter of that trend.
Young people celebrate the presidential election results in Atlanta. Early data on the 2020 turnout show a spike in youth voting, with Georgia, which faces a pair of senatorial runoffs, an epicenter of that trend.
Brynn Anderson/AP
School Climate & Safety Opinion The Pandemic Is Raging. Here's How to Support Your Grieving Students
What do students who have experienced a loss need in the classroom? Brittany R. Collins digs into the science.
Brittany R. Collins
5 min read
13Collins IMG
Benjavisa Ruangvaree/iStock