Early Childhood

Proposal To Alter Michigan Child-Care Rules Draws Fire

By Linda Jacobson — October 27, 1999 3 min read

A proposal in Michigan to change regulations governing child-care centers has alarmed children’s advocates and has even drawn criticism from the speaker of the state House. The revisions generating the most controversy include those that stipulate the staff-to-child ratio, the size of indoor and outdoor play spaces, and certain sanitary procedures, such as diapering and handwashing.

Children’s advocates, including many who have flocked to public hearings for the chance to express their opposition, are angry over a plan to increase from four to eight the number of children, between the ages of 23 months and 2½ years, who can be under the supervision of one adult.

Mark Sullivan

“That is the age range when they are the most active. One person couldn’t possibly handle eight,” said Kay Hollestelle, the director of the Children’s Foundation. Her Washington-based child-advocacy organization publishes an annual review of state licensing rules for both child-care centers and licensed home-based providers.

If implemented, Michigan’s new guidelines--which would not affect home-based providers--would reduce from 10 to eight the number of 2½- to 3-year-olds that one caregiver may supervise.

In answer to protests, the ratio for the younger age group might be changed in the final version.

Officials of the state’s office of consumer and industry services, which is handling the already overdue rewrite of the rules, say their intentions have been misunderstood, and that setting minimum standards for the state’s 4,700 centers does not mean the state is discouraging high-quality child care.

“We’ve got to be careful that what we do doesn’t price too many parents out of the market,” said Maura Campbell, a spokeswoman for the agency. “It’s not that we are against high quality, but we have to balance it with access to care.”

For example, advocates would like the agency to add training requirements for child-care employees. The proposed rules would allow anyone who is at least 17 years old, has passed a tuberculosis test, and hasn’t been convicted of child abuse, neglect, or a felony involving harm or threatening harm, to work at a center.

While it’s unlikely that “a huge new training requirement” would be added, Ms. Campbell said Gov. John Engler, a Republican, has in place a $1.1 million initiative to train child-care workers.

But Mark Sullivan, the executive director of Michigan Community Coordinated Child Care, a resource and referral agency, said that money will only train 6,000 providers, or about 10 percent in the state. “That’s not a lot of money,” he said.

National Trends

Increasing the minimum number of training hours required for child-care providers has become a common move in many states, Ms. Hollestelle said. “Some states are even requiring more preservice as well as ongoing training.”

She added, however, that while most states have determined which crimes would prohibit individuals from being hired as caregivers, most states still do not require fingerprinting or background checks.

Charles Perricone

Michigan Speaker of the House Charles Perricone, a Republican, has been a vocal opponent of some of the proposed changes, including those that would lift specific square-footage requirements for indoor and outdoor activity areas. The proposed rules simply say those spaces must be “adequate” or “sufficient.”

Even after meeting with Kathleen M. Wilbur, the director of consumer and industry services, Mr. Perricone still has concerns, said Lorri Rishar, his spokeswoman. She added that writing the licensing requirements into state law--instead of just administrative rules--is an option. If that happens, “it would take an act of the legislature to change” the requirements.

Ms. Campbell stressed that just because the rules might not be as explicit as before, it doesn’t mean child-care centers won’t have to meet certain requirements; the intention is to allow flexibility.

Mr. Sullivan argued that child care centers would rather follow a written standard than have to create one of their own.

“This is the second time the governor has gone after child-care rules under the guise that it’s the consumer’s responsibility to find quality care,” he said.

The agency will accept comments until Oct. 28. The earliest the rules are expected to go into effect is late February.

Related Tags:

Events

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Mathematics Webinar
Building Equitable Systems: Moving Math From Gatekeeper to Opportunity Gateway
The importance of disrupting traditional American math practices and adopting high-quality math curriculum continues to be essential for changing the trajectory of historically under-resourced schools. Building systems around high-quality math curriculum also is necessary to
Content provided by Partnership for L.A. Schools
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Student Well-Being Webinar
Measuring & Supporting Student Well-Being: A Researcher and District Leader Roundtable
Students’ social-emotional well-being matters. The positive and negative emotions students feel are essential characteristics of their psychology, indicators of their well-being, and mediators of their success in school and life. Supportive relationships with peers, school
Content provided by Panorama Education
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
School & District Management Webinar
Making Digital Literacy a Priority: An Administrator’s Perspective
Join us as we delve into the efforts of our panelists and their initiatives to make digital skills a “must have” for their district. We’ll discuss with district leadership how they have kept digital literacy
Content provided by Learning.com

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Early Childhood How Two Child-Care Centers Put Competition Aside and Created a Partnership During COVID-19
Due to COVID-19, two early-childhood centers put their competition aside to work together to support families during the pandemic.
Charles Dinofrio
7 min read
Early Childhood New Players Fill Child-Care Gap as Schools Go Remote
As school districts move to remote instruction for the fall, day-care providers, dance studios, and after-school programs step in to fill school-day child-care gaps.
7 min read
A student works on schoolwork earlier this month at the Wharton Dobson Club in Wharton, Texas, part of the Boys and Girls Club of Greater Houston. For a small fee, the organization is offering a full-day program that provides students a safe place to complete their remote learning classwork and socialize with friends.
A student works on schoolwork earlier this month at the Wharton Dobson Club in Wharton, Texas, part of the Boys and Girls Club of Greater Houston. For a small fee, the organization is offering a full-day program that provides students a safe place to complete their remote learning classwork and socialize with friends.
Courtesy of Boys and Girls Club of Greater Houston
Early Childhood Will Kindergartens Be Empty This Fall?
As cases of COVID-19 continue to grow, parents around the country are struggling with whether to send their child to kindergarten this fall. Some say they won't.
6 min read
Satiria Clayton was looking forward to her 5-year-old son Cassius starting kindergarten this year in Tempe, Ariz., but the recent spike in coronavirus cases has left her, like many other parents, worried about what to expect. "In an ideal would I would love to stay at home and teach him,” she said. “The reality is I have to send him to school."
Satiria Clayton was looking forward to her 5-year-old son Cassius starting kindergarten this year in Tempe, Ariz., but the recent spike in coronavirus cases has left her, like many other parents, worried about what to expect. "In an ideal would I would love to stay at home and teach him,” she said. “The reality is I have to send him to school."
Courtesy of Satiria Clayton
Early Childhood Letter to the Editor A Eulogy for Ken Goodman
To the Editor:
Several weeks ago, I spoke with an Education Week reporter about Ken Goodman in anticipation of an obituary about Ken’s passing and legacy (“Kenneth S. Goodman, ‘Founding Father’ of Whole Language, Dead at 92,” May 21, 2020). Great conversation. I looked forward to the tribute. I knew it would be complicated and controversial; Ken was complicated and controversial. But I was sure the controversy would be treated as part of the tribute.
1 min read