Substitute Teachers

Illustration of an empty classroom.
Medesulda/DigitalVision Vectors
Recruitment & Retention Q&A Could Educator Shortages Affect the Future Workforce? Here's What Business Leaders Think
Kelly Education, a school staffing agency, surveyed business leaders about their concerns.
Madeline Will, November 7, 2022
5 min read
Conceptual illustration of district substitute being directed to a school in need
Vanessa Solis/Education Week and iStock/Getty
Recruitment & Retention Contractors Are Filling Staffing Gaps in Schools. Know the Benefits and the Drawbacks
Schools turn to private companies for help filling positions with no local job candidates. It can be costly, but some say it's a big help.
Mark Lieberman, June 29, 2022
7 min read
Haines City Senior High School Principal Adam Lane greets seniors walking across campus on Friday, May 6, 2022 at Haines City Senior High School in Haines City, Fla.
Haines City Senior High School Principal Adam Lane greets seniors walking across campus at the school in Haines City, Fla.
Zack Wittman for Education Week
Recruitment & Retention How One Principal Has Dodged the Staffing Shortage
A high school principal in Polk County, Fla., has developed his own talent pipeline that helps avoid staffing issues.
Denisa R. Superville, May 13, 2022
7 min read
Conceptual illustration of a new employee fitting into the workplace puzzle
Sergey Tarasov/iStock/Getty
Teaching Profession Opinion Short On Substitute Teachers? Here's Something States Can Do
Student teachers can make good substitutes, but the rules often don't allow them to step in, write two researchers.
Dan Goldhaber & Sydney Payne, May 13, 2022
4 min read
Illustration of hands reaching for dollar signs that are falling from the sky.
DigitalVision/Vectors/Getty
Recruitment & Retention Districts Are Raising Wages to Fix Shortages. Is It Sustainable?
Staff shortages have pushed districts to increase pay. But some might have to cut programs or staff to make higher wages permanent.
Mark Lieberman, February 7, 2022
11 min read
Image shows a teacher in a classroom.
skynesher/E+
Teaching Profession What the Research Says High-Quality Substitute Teaching: What We Know Now
Research has a couple of suggestions on helping substitutes be effective.
Sarah D. Sparks, January 31, 2022
4 min read
Craig McVay, superintendent of El Reno Public Schools in El Reno, Okla., pictured on Jan. 27, 2022.
Craig McVay, superintendent of El Reno Public Schools in El Reno, Okla., pictured on Jan. 27, 2022.
Brett Deering for Education Week
School & District Management In Their Own Words Awake at 2 A.M., Agonizing Over Life-and-Death Decisions: A Superintendent's Story
Daily, high-stakes judgment calls on COVID weigh heavy on a superintendent's mind.
Catherine Gewertz, January 31, 2022
4 min read
New Mexico Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham speaks at a news conference in Santa Fe, N.M., on July 29, 2021. When New Mexico lawmakers meet on Jan. 18 to hash out the state budget, about half of the money will go to K-12 school programs.. Grisham and key legislative committees have agreed to increase spending on schools by around 12%, or around $3.8 billion.
New Mexico Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham speaks at a news conference in Santa Fe, N.M., on July 29, 2021. When New Mexico lawmakers meet on Jan. 18 to hash out the state budget, about half of the money will go to K-12 school programs.. Grisham and key legislative committees have agreed to increase spending on schools by around 12%, or around $3.8 billion.
Morgan Lee/AP
Recruitment & Retention Governor Substitutes at Elementary School Amid Chronic Staff Shortages
The omicron variant has ravaged New Mexico schools, leaving a wave of staff and student absences.
Jessica Pollard, The Santa Fe New Mexican, January 27, 2022
3 min read
Zackery Kimball, a substitute teacher at Bailey Middle School, works with two classes of students at the school's theater hall on Friday, Dec. 10, 2021, in Las Vegas. Many schools have vacant teaching and/or support staff jobs and no available substitutes to cover day-to-day absences.
Zackery Kimball, a substitute teacher at Bailey Middle School in Las Vegas, works with two classes of students at the school's theater hall on a Friday in December 2021.
Bizuayehu Tesfaye/Las Vegas Review-Journal via AP
School & District Management Schools Are Desperate for Substitutes and Getting Creative
Now in the substitute-teacher pool: parents, college students, and the National Guard.
Evie Blad, January 20, 2022
10 min read
Illustration of a paper people pyramid where the top figure has moved to the bottom to support the structure.
Vanessa Solis/Education Week and DigitalVision Vectors
School & District Management Q&A Serving as Substitute Teacher, Superintendent Gets Fresh View of Schools' COVID Struggles
A superintendent shares her experiences on TikTok after substituting as a teacher in her district because of a staffing shortage.
Evie Blad, December 20, 2021
8 min read
A Brownsville Independent School District bus acts as a WI-FI hotspot for students needing to connect online for distance learning on the first day of class Tuesday, Aug. 25, 2020, in the parking lot of the Margaret M. Clark Aquatic Center in Brownsville, Texas. The bus is one of 20 hotspots throughout the city to help students have access to their online classes as part of the remote start to the school year due to COVID-19 pandemic.
Several shool buildings in different parts of the country have had to shut down in recent weeks due to a lack of available bus drivers.
Denise Cathey/The Brownsville Herald via AP
School & District Management Staff Shortages Affect Students, Too. Here's Where Schools Are Shutting Down
A few months into the third academic year in a row disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic, at least several dozen school buildings in numerous states have had to shut down due to inadequate staffing.
Mark Lieberman, October 21, 2021
1 min read
Stephanie LeBlanc, instructional strategist at Greeley Middle School in Cumberland Center, Maine.
Stephanie LeBlanc, an instructional strategist at Greely Middle School in Cumberland Center, Maine, has picked up numerous additional duties to help cover for staffing shortages at the school.
Ryan David Brown for Education Week
School & District Management How Staff Shortages Are Crushing Schools
Teachers are sacrificing their planning periods, students are arriving hours late, meals are out of whack, and patience is running thin.
Mark Lieberman, October 15, 2021
11 min read
Image of an empty classroom.
urfinguss/iStock/Getty
School & District Management From Our Research Center The Already Dire Substitute Shortage Could Get 'Worse Before It Gets Better'
School districts are trying all sorts of tactics, including increasing pay and relaxing requirements, to get more subs in classrooms.
Madeline Will, October 13, 2021
10 min read
A "Bus Drivers Wanted" sign is shown Wednesday, Aug. 18, 2021, in Sandy, Utah. A shortage of bus drivers is complicating the start of a new school year already facing a surge in COVID-19 cases and conflicts over whether masks should be required in school buildings.
A "Bus Drivers Wanted" sign is shown Wednesday, Aug. 18, 2021, in Sandy, Utah. A shortage of bus drivers is complicating the start of a new school year already facing a surge in COVID-19 cases and conflicts over whether masks should be required in school buildings.
Rick Bowmer/AP
Recruitment & Retention 'No Respect and No Support': K-12 Workers Explain Why Schools Struggle With Staffing
Bus drivers, custodians, and other school employees share stories of low pay, meager benefits, minimal respect, and dangerous conditions.
Mark Lieberman, September 24, 2021
5 min read