Special Report
Education Funding

Stimulus Patches Part of Ore. Schools’ Budget Gap

By The Associated Press — November 09, 2009 4 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

The math isn’t so hard when it comes to the faculty of the Tigard-Tualatin school district.

This year, the district employs 640 teachers on a full-time equivalent basis. That’s 56 fewer teachers than than a year ago. That’s also 55 more teachers than the district would have had without the stimulus money provided by the federal government and dispensed by the state Legislature.

“We’re really grateful for that federal funding,” said Susan Stark Haydon, a spokeswoman for the suburban district southwest of Portland.

She and her district are hardly alone. The biggest share of spending from the federal economic stimulus package has gone to pay teachers, in Oregon and elsewhere.

But while the stimulus spending from what’s called a “stabilization fund” has kept a couple thousand Oregon teachers in the public elementary and secondary classrooms, it hasn’t brought stability to the school districts and probably couldn’t.

The hit Oregon state government took in revenue during the Great Recession was, proportionally, one of the largest in the country, and the largest single part of the state government’s budget is school aid.

A recent stimulus report from the U.S. Education Department listed Oregon among six states that suffered “catastrophic budget shortfalls.” The others were Arizona, California, Florida, New Jersey and Wisconsin. To patch Oregon’s budget, Oregon legislators spent stimulus dollars and raised taxes on business and wealthy people.

Even so, a survey conducted by three groups of school administrators found that as state school aid fell by 4 percent, the number of teachers employed in Oregon classrooms is down by 6 percent and class sizes are up by about two students each.

“Even with those stimulus dollars, we still had layoffs,” said state Schools Superintendent Susan Castillo. “Without them, we would have had even more.”

In many cases, Oregon school districts said in reports to Castillo’s department that the stimulus dollars forestalled cuts: They didn’t have to cut last school year short, or they didn’t have to lay off as many teachers as expected, such as in Tigard-Tualatin.

How that played out varied from district to district.

In Ontario in Eastern Oregon, for example, a successful program that uses specialists to coach teachers of reading and writing courses was on the chopping block during the budget-writing earlier this year. The program had begun a few years ago with a federal grant, said spokeswoman Sidni Mordhorst. When the grant ended, school leaders were impressed with the results, so they worked the expense into its regular budget.

As a new expense, though, it was vulnerable when school leaders started making the current budget.

Then along came the stimulus money. It saved the six positions, Mordhorst said.

“Tooth and nail, we were holding on to those positions that make such a vital difference in the way we do business,” she said.

The stimulus program counts jobs either “saved” or “created.” In the general run of teachers, staff and administrators, most Oregon schools were holding on to jobs as best they could, as in Ontario.

In that category, the state Education Department counts 2,811 jobs saved or created.

The federal government also earmarked stimulus money for school programs for disadvantaged or special education students. Oregon districts reported nearly 1,000 jobs saved or created from this spending, and expanded offerings were more common.

From the special education stimulus money, for example, the Harney County school district hired a psychologist, “the first time the District has been able to do this,” according to its report to the state.

Employing two teachers and six assistants full time, the Lake Oswego district began programs this fall for high-functioning autistic pupils in grade school, such as those who have Asperger’s syndrome. The idea is to coach them in social communications and executive functions such as planning, so that they can succeed in the classroom, said Patrick Tomblin, Lake Oswego special education director.

The new programs, serving 21 young people, are an extension of similar programs in upper grades, where the success has been marked and discipline referrals are way down, Tomblin said.

The federal stimulus program is designed to be temporary, lasting three years, which means that soon Tomblin and educators throughout the state will again face questions about what parts of their curriculum and services to keep and what to jettison.

Tomblin said he’s determined to keep the programs for autistic pupils, which could cause changes elsewhere in his operation, such as higher caseloads for the staff. “We may have to make some hard decisions,” he said.

How to replace the temporary stimulus money is part of a larger budget puzzle for educators in Oregon, noted for wide swings in school finance because state aid is tied so closely to income tax revenue.

Craig Hawkins, a spokesman for the Confederation of Oregon School Administrators, said the level of uncertainty is even higher than usual.

A referendum vote in January on the tax increases is the immediate question. If voters reject the taxes, many schools are expected to shorten the current school year. There are smaller worries, such as an impending jump in pension contributions.

Beyond that is a more worrisome question: Will an anemic recovery that creates few jobs continue to starve state tax revenue and tear away at school districts?

“There are a lot of unknowns out there,” Hawkins said, “and not a lot of positive signs about them.”

Related Tags:

Copyright 2009 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Commenting has been disabled on edweek.org effective Sept. 8. Please visit our FAQ section for more details. To get in touch with us visit our contact page, follow us on social media, or submit a Letter to the Editor.


This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Teaching Webinar
6 Key Trends in Teaching and Learning
As we enter the third school year affected by the pandemic—and a return to the classroom for many—we come better prepared, but questions remain. How will the last year impact teaching and learning this school
Content provided by Instructure
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
School & District Management Webinar
Ensuring Continuity of Learning: How to Prepare for the Next Disruption
Across the country, K-12 schools and districts are, again, considering how to ensure effective continuity of learning in the face of emerging COVID variants, politicized debates, and more. Learn from Alexandria City Public Schools superintendent
Content provided by Class
Teaching Profession Live Online Discussion What Have We Learned From Teachers During the Pandemic?
University of California, Santa Cruz, researcher Lora Bartlett and her colleagues spent months studying how the pandemic affected classroom teachers. We will discuss the takeaways from her research not only for teachers, but also for

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Education Funding Reported Essay Are We Asking Schools to Do Too Much?
Schools are increasingly being saddled with new responsibilities. At what point do we decide they are being overwhelmed?
5 min read
Conceptual Illustration
Pep Montserrat for Education Week
Education Funding Interactive Look Up How Much COVID Relief Aid Your School District is Getting
The federal government gave schools more than $190 billion to help them recover from the pandemic. But the money was not distributed evenly.
2 min read
Education Funding Explainer Everything You Need to Know About Schools and COVID Relief Funds
How much did your district get in pandemic emergency aid? When must the money be spent? Is there more on the way? EdWeek has the answers.
11 min read
090221 Stimulus Masks AP BS
Dezirae Espinoza wears a face mask while holding a tube of cleaning wipes as she waits to enter Garden Place Elementary School in Denver for the first day of in-class learning since the start of the pandemic.
David Zalubowski/AP
Education Funding Why Dems' $82 Billion Proposal for School Buildings Still Isn't Enough
Two new reports highlight the severe disrepair the nation's school infrastructure is in and the crushing district debt the lack of federal and state investment has caused.
4 min read
Founded 55 years ago, Foust Elementary received its latest update 12-25 years ago for their HVAC units. If the school receives funds from the Guilford County Schools bond allocation, they will expand classrooms from the back of the building.
Community members in Guilford, N.C. last week protested the lack of new funding to improve the district's crumbling school facilities.
Abby Gibbs/News & Record via AP