This table shows the change from 1987-88 to 1999-2000 in the percentage of middle and high school students taught by teachers who either lack certification and a college major in the subject they teach, or lack certification and a college major or minor in that subject.
| ||MIDDLE GRADES||HIGH SCHOOL GRADES|
|Neither major nor certification||No major, minor, or certification||Neither major nor certification||No major, minor, or certification|
|Subject Field||1987- 1988||1999- 2000||1987- 1988||1999- 2000||1987- 1988||1999- 2000||1987- 1988||1999- 2000|
Geology/earth/ space science
|Arts and music||15.1||15.0||2.0||2.5||15.7||19.6||3.3||5.0|
NOTE: A dash indicates that data were not available. Middle-level teachers include teachers who taught students in grades 5-9; high school teachers include all teachers who taught any of grades 10-12 as well as those who taught only 9th grade.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey
A version of this article appeared in the June 12, 2002 edition of Education Week as Students’ Exposure To Out-of-Field Teachers