Assessment

Dozens of Mich. Schools Under Suspicion For Cheating

By Bess Keller — June 20, 2001 5 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

An announcement by state officials that as many as 71 Michigan elementary and middle schools might have cheated on state tests last winter has burgeoned into competing scandals.

Some observers were struck by the scope of the trouble, noting that the number of schools cited for test-result “irregularities” in Michigan is more than double the number of New York City schools accused of cheating in a widely publicized 1999 investigation.

On the other hand, many local educators said the real scandal lies in how state officials handled the evidence of possible cheating. They angrily criticized the officials for releasing information on June 7 that implicated 21 districts without first hearing explanations.

The outcry prompted legislative leaders to call a joint meeting of the education committees last week. The committees, in turn, summoned state Treasurer Douglas B. Roberts, who oversees the test, for questioning. Even Gov. John Engler expressed dismay that an apparent news leak at the Michigan Department of the Treasury had truncated the state’s usual process for dealing with suspected testing irregularities. Still, no one was ready last week to dismiss the evidence of possible cheating, least of all state officials.

The problems were found in the written answers students composed to questions on social science, science, and writing tests. Numerous answers did not seem like independent work because they matched too closely, officials said. It was unclear whether the cause of the similarities was teacher help, communication among students, or something else, they noted.

In some cases, clusters of students from the same class appeared to have handed in answers that were virtually identical.

“It’s the first time we’ve had something of this magnitude,” said Bridget Medina, a spokeswoman for the state treasury department, which administers the tests through its merit-awards office. At the same time, she said, “we recognize there may be an explanation for some of these similar answers.”

The state has given districts until the end of the week to respond to the evidence.

Local and state investigations could mean that scores for the sets of papers deemed to reflect cheating fall to zero, thereby lowering overall scores for the schools and their districts.

In Michigan, as in other states, such tests are growing in prominence, are widely publicized, and in some cases carry significant consequences for students and schools. For example, high scores on one of the tests involved in the investigation, 8th grade science, can earn a middle schooler $500 toward college.

No deadline has yet been set for the state to decide which schools will be penalized, Ms. Medina said.

Superintendents Protest

Of the 70 elementary and middle schools under suspicion for cheating—the total dipped last week because officials discovered that one school had been included by mistake—44 are in Detroit, Michigan’s largest district, and the others are scattered throughout the state.

The Michigan Educational Assessment Program, or MEAP, tests in five subjects were given to 4th, 5th, 7th, and 8th graders in January and February. The questionable answers surfaced mostly in the 5th and 8th grade social studies tests, with a smaller number in 5th and 8th grade science and 5th grade writing.

Test graders hired by a North Carolina contractor flagged answers with close similarities. Those answers went first to the state’s testing experts for review and then were examined by a nine-member panel of outside educators.

Treasury officials had intended to allow the districts with suspicious answers to review them and respond before making the list public. Instead, they alerted superintendents to the problems before a hastily called press conference on June 7, after learning that a radio news report about the suspected cheating was airing that day.

“As it was, it was a choice between them reading about it in the newspaper or getting a call from us,” said Ms. Medina. “It’s unfortunate, but I don’t think it should overshadow the focus on the test irregularities.”

But superintendents called the change in plan more than unfortunate.

“Talk about unethical procedures,” said Alan M. Dobrovolec, the superintendent of the 11,000-student Taylor district in suburban Detroit, whose J. Edgar Hoover Junior High School was on the list for its 8th grade social studies test results. “It took us about an hour to figure out what the problem was,” the superintendent said. “But the fallout is our reputation has been damaged, whether we are guilty or not.”

He explained that the test question at issue in his district asked for a definition of NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The school’s three 8th grade social studies teachers had guessed that the test would include a question on NATO, and using approved MEAP coaching materials, taught the children a definition that included the phrases “alliance of country” and “prevent the spread of communism.” It was those phrases that were flagged by the test graders.

“It’s not a case of cheating,” Mr. Dobrovolec argued. “It’s a case of teaching and learning.”

Preparing Too Well?

Similar stories about lessons well learned were repeated last week in Michigan newspapers, as a half-dozen superintendents around the state responded to what they viewed as unfounded accusations.

A spokesman for the 163,000-student Detroit district, Stan Childress, said late last week that the district’s investigation was still going on, but that some Detroit schools may have also worked too well with preparation materials.

“Our curriculum experts believe many of these problems are going to be explainable by many of the patterned-response strategies in materials provided by the state,” he said.

Daniel M. Koretz, a testing expert with the RAND Corp., a Santa Monica, Calif.-based research organization, called the problems in Michigan “surprising only in scope,” and said the controversy could point to a problem that goes beyond cheating in the strict sense.

In preparing students for tests, he said, “there’s this whole range of shortcuts that people take that are not frankly cheating, but they are not what we want to see people doing in response to accountability.”

Related Tags:

A version of this article appeared in the June 20, 2001 edition of Education Week as Dozens of Mich. Schools Under Suspicion For Cheating

Events

English-Language Learners Webinar Helping English-Learners Through Improved Parent Outreach: Strategies That Work
Communicating with families is key to helping students thrive – and that’s become even more apparent during a pandemic that’s upended student well-being and forced constant logistical changes in schools. Educators should pay particular attention
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Mathematics Webinar
Addressing Unfinished Learning in Math: Providing Tutoring at Scale
Most states as well as the federal government have landed on tutoring as a key strategy to address unfinished learning from the pandemic. Take math, for example. Studies have found that students lost more ground
Content provided by Yup Math Tutoring
Classroom Technology Webinar Building Better Blended Learning in K-12 Schools
The pandemic and the increasing use of technology in K-12 education it prompted has added renewed energy to the blended learning movement as most students are now learning in school buildings (and will likely continue

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Assessment Data Young Adolescents' Scores Trended to Historic Lows on National Tests. And That's Before COVID Hit
The past decade saw unprecedented declines in the National Assessment of Educational Progress's longitudinal study.
3 min read
Assessment Long a Testing Bastion, Florida Plans to End 'Outdated' Year-End Exams
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis said the state will shift to "progress monitoring" starting in the 2022-23 school year.
5 min read
Florida Governor Ron DeSantis speaks at the opening of a monoclonal antibody site in Pembroke Pines, Fla., on Aug. 18, 2021.
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis said he believes a new testing regimen is needed to replace the Florida Standards Assessment, which has been given since 2015.
Marta Lavandier/AP
Assessment Spotlight Spotlight on Assessment in 2021
In this Spotlight, review newest assessment scores, see how districts will catch up with their supports for disabled students, plus more.
Assessment 'Nation's Report Card' Has a New Reading Framework, After a Drawn-Out Battle Over Equity
The new framework for the National Assessment of Educational Progress will guide development of the 2026 reading test.
10 min read
results 925693186 02
iStock/Getty