—especially for low-income and minority students.
That’s the conclusion of a working paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research that examines data on millions of SAT-takers from the College Board. The paper finds that retaking the SAT increases the probability that a student will enroll in a four-year college by 13 percentage points. Those students would have otherwise either gone to two-year colleges or not enrolled in higher education institutions at all.
For low-income students, retaking the exam increases the likelihood of four-year college enrollment by 30 percentage points. And for underrepresented minority students, retakes are linked to an increase of 20 percentage points in their four-year college enrollment rate, compared with an 8 percentage point increase for non-minority students. Yet just over half of SAT takers retake the SAT one or more times.
A version of this article appeared in the September 05, 2018 edition of Education Week as College Admissions