Education news, analysis, and opinion about holding students back for a year in school, including the practice of “redshirting”
Student Achievement What Does Research Say About Grade Retention? A Few Key Studies to Know
Does holding students back help or hurt them in the long run?
Reading & Literacy Third Grade Reading Retention Is Back. Should It Be?
Does requiring struggling students to repeat 3rd grade lead to better reading results? It's complicated.
Reading & Literacy Pandemic Prompts Some States to Pass Struggling 3rd Graders
As families wrestle with online learning, a pandemic economy and mental health difficulties, some states are delaying 3rd grade retention.
How to Help Students Recover From a Broken Year
What schools do to help students bounce back from stress, trauma, and disrupted schooling—and whether retention helps or hurts kids.
Student Achievement From Our Research Center Tens of Thousands of Students May Have to Repeat a Grade. Should They?
The prospect of a spike in retentions flies in the face of a broad-based consensus that moving students ahead is usually more effective.
Assessment Why Schools Are Not Holding Students Back to Address COVID-19 Learning Loss
District leaders cite evidence that retention doesn’t improve academic outcomes, and argue that holding large groups of students back will disproportionately hurt students of color and kids from low-income families.
Federal Third Grade Retention of ELLs: New Research Sparks Furor
New research that suggests struggling English-learners could benefit from repeating 3rd grade is drawing strong pushback from scholars.
School & District Management Opinion Don't Be Too Quick to Retain English-Language Learners
The researchers behind a splashy new study join two policy experts to urge great caution before holding back ELLs.
Early Childhood Redshirting Debate Just Got New Fuel with ADHD Study
A study has shown more diagnoses of ADHD among kindergarten students who start school just before a Sept. 1 school enrollment cutoff date.
Reading & Literacy 3rd Grade Reading Retention: A Closer Look at North Carolina's Literacy Law
Nearly 14 percent of 3rd graders in North Carolina were "retained" last year for not meeting reading proficiency standards—but the numbers are more complicated than they seem.
Reading & Literacy Should 3rd Grade Be the Pivot Point for Early Reading?
New research calls into question the widespread practice of retaining students in 3rd grade based on their reading proficiency.
Reading & Literacy Early Grades Crucial in Path to Reading Proficiency
States press to ensure that students from kindergarten on get the literacy support they need to meet 3rd grade reading milestones.
Education Nationwide Grade-Retention Rates Have Dropped, New Study Finds
A new study found that nationwide, the rate of students repeating a grade due to a lack of academic progress has declined from 2005 to 2010.
Student Achievement Districts Weigh Student Retention With Stigma of Being 'Held-Back'
Many districts, including Los Angeles Unified, are not on board with a national push to end social promotion, and instead use mastery of material to determine whether students should move to the next grade.