Column One

September 16, 1992 2 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

Using an unusual method to answer one of the more vexing questions about education, two Princeton University economists have concluded that schooling pays off even more than most researchers had thought.

For a forthcoming study, Alan Krueger and Orley Ashenfelter interviewed 298 identical twins and found that each additional year of school adds as much as 16 percent to a person’s lifetime earnings.

Unlike many previous studies, which had been based on statistical databases and which generally found smaller effects of schooling on income, the twins study--conducted at the annual Twins Day Festival in Twinsburg, Ohio--has the virtue of comparing adults who are identical on many characteristics, according to Mr. Krueger.

He added that the study could bolster support for programs to ease access to education.

“Policies to encourage people to stay in school tend to have a big payoff, larger than has been recognized,’' Mr. Krueger said.

A New Zealand researcher outlines the reaction of local school board members to that country’s approach to school reform in the Fall 1992 issue of the Harvard Education Review.

Unlike reforms in other nations, the New Zealand reforms of the late 1980’s explicitly required schools to seek to ensure “equitable educational outcomes’’ for girls and ethnic minorities, particularly the indigenous Maori population.

Interviewing local board members, Sue Middleton, a professor of education at the University of Waikato in Hamilton, found widely different views on the multicultural requirement.

And she notes that the National Party, which defeated the ruling Labor Party in 1990, has pledged to make the equity requirements optional.

But, Ms. Middleton concludes, “it is likely that at least some of the bicultural requirements will remain,’' even in predominantly white schools.

The U.S. Education Department’s office of educational research and improvement has published a new booklet outlining research about student motivation and its relation to achievement.

Drawing from a 1990 conference sponsored by the O.E.R.I., the booklet examines the lack of incentives for students to study, the ways in which school policies and peer pressure discourage effort, and other issues.

Copies of “Hard Work and High Expectations: Motivating Students To Learn’’ are available for $1.25 each from the Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, Pa. 15250-7954. The stock number is 065-00496-8.

--Robert Rothman

A version of this article appeared in the September 16, 1992 edition of Education Week as Column One


English-Language Learners Webinar Helping English-Learners Through Improved Parent Outreach: Strategies That Work
Communicating with families is key to helping students thrive – and that’s become even more apparent during a pandemic that’s upended student well-being and forced constant logistical changes in schools. Educators should pay particular attention
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Mathematics Webinar
Addressing Unfinished Learning in Math: Providing Tutoring at Scale
Most states as well as the federal government have landed on tutoring as a key strategy to address unfinished learning from the pandemic. Take math, for example. Studies have found that students lost more ground
Content provided by Yup Math Tutoring
Classroom Technology Webinar Building Better Blended Learning in K-12 Schools
The pandemic and the increasing use of technology in K-12 education it prompted has added renewed energy to the blended learning movement as most students are now learning in school buildings (and will likely continue

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Education Nearly a Million Kids Vaccinated in Week 1, White House Says
Experts say there are signs that it will be difficult to sustain the initial momentum.
4 min read
Leo Hahn, 11, gets the first shot of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine, Tuesday, Nov. 9, 2021, at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle. Last week, U.S. health officials gave the final signoff to Pfizer's kid-size COVID-19 shot, a milestone that opened a major expansion of the nation's vaccination campaign to children as young as 5. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren)
Education How Schools Are Getting Kids the COVID Shot, and Why Some Aren’t
Some district leaders say offering vaccine clinics, with the involvement of trusted school staff, is key to helping overcome hesitancy.
5 min read
A girl walks outside of a mobile vaccine unit after getting the first dose of her COVID-19 vaccine, outside P.S. 277, Friday, Nov. 5, 2021, in the Bronx borough of New York. (AP Photo/Eduardo Munoz Alvarez)
Education Biden Administration Urges Schools to Provide COVID-19 Shots, Information for Kids
The Biden administration is encouraging local school districts to host vaccine clinics for kids and information on benefits of the shots.
2 min read
President Joe Biden, and first lady Jill Biden walk to board Marine One on the South Lawn of the White House in Washington, Saturday, Nov. 6, 2021. Biden is spending the weekend at his home in Rehoboth Beach, Del. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
Education Civil Rights Groups Sue Tennessee Over Law Against Transgender Student Athletes
The state law bars transgender athletes from playing public high school or middle school sports aligned with their gender identity.
3 min read
Amy Allen, the mother of an 8th grade transgender son, speaks after a Human Rights Campaign round table discussion on anti-transgender laws in Nashville, Tenn. on May 21, 2021.
Amy Allen, the mother of an 8th grade transgender son, speaks after a Human Rights Campaign round table discussion on anti-transgender laws in Nashville, Tenn. on May 21, 2021.
Mark Humphrey/AP