Education

Column One

September 16, 1992 2 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

Using an unusual method to answer one of the more vexing questions about education, two Princeton University economists have concluded that schooling pays off even more than most researchers had thought.

For a forthcoming study, Alan Krueger and Orley Ashenfelter interviewed 298 identical twins and found that each additional year of school adds as much as 16 percent to a person’s lifetime earnings.

Unlike many previous studies, which had been based on statistical databases and which generally found smaller effects of schooling on income, the twins study--conducted at the annual Twins Day Festival in Twinsburg, Ohio--has the virtue of comparing adults who are identical on many characteristics, according to Mr. Krueger.

He added that the study could bolster support for programs to ease access to education.

“Policies to encourage people to stay in school tend to have a big payoff, larger than has been recognized,’' Mr. Krueger said.

A New Zealand researcher outlines the reaction of local school board members to that country’s approach to school reform in the Fall 1992 issue of the Harvard Education Review.

Unlike reforms in other nations, the New Zealand reforms of the late 1980’s explicitly required schools to seek to ensure “equitable educational outcomes’’ for girls and ethnic minorities, particularly the indigenous Maori population.

Interviewing local board members, Sue Middleton, a professor of education at the University of Waikato in Hamilton, found widely different views on the multicultural requirement.

And she notes that the National Party, which defeated the ruling Labor Party in 1990, has pledged to make the equity requirements optional.

But, Ms. Middleton concludes, “it is likely that at least some of the bicultural requirements will remain,’' even in predominantly white schools.

The U.S. Education Department’s office of educational research and improvement has published a new booklet outlining research about student motivation and its relation to achievement.

Drawing from a 1990 conference sponsored by the O.E.R.I., the booklet examines the lack of incentives for students to study, the ways in which school policies and peer pressure discourage effort, and other issues.

Copies of “Hard Work and High Expectations: Motivating Students To Learn’’ are available for $1.25 each from the Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, Pa. 15250-7954. The stock number is 065-00496-8.

--Robert Rothman

A version of this article appeared in the September 16, 1992 edition of Education Week as Column One

Events

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Webinar
Stronger Together: Integrating Social and Emotional Supports in an Equity-Based MTSS
Decades of research have shown that when schools implement evidence-based social and emotional supports and programming, academic achievement increases. The impact of these supports – particularly for students of color, students from low-income communities, English
Content provided by Illuminate Education
Classroom Technology Webinar Building Better Blended Learning in K-12 Schools
The pandemic and the increasing use of technology in K-12 education it prompted has added renewed energy to the blended learning movement as most students are now learning in school buildings (and will likely continue
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Student Well-Being Webinar
A Whole Child Approach to Supporting Positive Student Behavior 
To improve student behavior, it’s important to look at the root causes. Social-emotional learning may play a preventative role.

A whole child approach can proactively support positive student behaviors.

Join this webinar to learn how.
Content provided by Panorama

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Education Briefly Stated: November 17, 2021
Here's a look at some recent Education Week articles you may have missed.
8 min read
Education Nearly a Million Kids Vaccinated in Week 1, White House Says
Experts say there are signs that it will be difficult to sustain the initial momentum.
4 min read
Leo Hahn, 11, gets the first shot of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine, Tuesday, Nov. 9, 2021, at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle. Last week, U.S. health officials gave the final signoff to Pfizer's kid-size COVID-19 shot, a milestone that opened a major expansion of the nation's vaccination campaign to children as young as 5. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren)
Education Briefly Stated: October 27, 2021
Here's a look at some recent Education Week articles you may have missed.
8 min read
Education Briefly Stated: October 20, 2021
Here's a look at some recent Education Week articles you may have missed.
8 min read