Happening Today: Education Week Leadership Symposium. Learn more and register.
Classroom Technology

New Orleans District Bills Laptop Program as Cultural Shift

By Lesli A. Maxwell — October 23, 2007 5 min read
Senior Darrin Smith Jr., left, English teacher Aaron Williams, center, and math coordinator Mary Thompson look for matching names on new laptops to give students at Frederick A. Douglass High School.

Thousands of public high school students in New Orleans received their own laptop computers this month—part of a $53 million technology initiative by the Recovery School District that aims to modernize some of the nation’s most rundown classrooms and improve achievement in a city where most students struggle to meet basic academic standards.

For the past two weeks, education officials issued laptops to nearly 4,000 students in the 9th through 12th grades in the recovery district’s eight high schools. Several hundred more laptops will go to 8th graders who failed Louisiana’s high-stakes exam last spring and were not promoted to 9th grade, said Paul G. Vallas, the superintendent of the state-run district.

The laptop program—which is costing the Recovery School District $1.67 million to lease the computers and software from Dallas-based Epic Learning for this school year—is remarkable for a city where, for decades, students in many struggling public schools did not even receive their own textbooks, officials say.

“We are doing several things with this laptop program for our high school kids, not the least of which is telling them that we have confidence in them, we trust them, and we want them to have this educational tool,” Mr. Vallas said in an interview this month.

Most students and teachers have embraced the program enthusiastically. But it has also encountered skepticism from some teachers, who question the wisdom of issuing expensive equipment in a high-poverty city such as New Orleans, and who doubt that students will get much educational benefit from the computers.

A handful of school districts around the country have recently begun to abandon their laptop programs as repair costs to the computers have escalated and significant academic gains among students using the machines have failed to materialize.

Mr. Vallas, a veteran urban schools chief who has been in charge of the state-run district here since July, said the laptops are part of a broader effort to introduce academic reforms, improve instruction, and raise expectations for the roughly 13,000 students in the 33 schools that he directly oversees.

Many students now enrolled in the recovery district already lagged academically before Hurricane Katrina struck in late August 2005. And many fell even further behind after the storm displaced them and their families and, in some cases, kept them out of school for weeks or months.

Mr. Vallas has emphasized technology as one way to improve the post-Katrina academic environment, spending tens of millions of dollars to wire school buildings, install interactive whiteboards in most classrooms, and lease the laptops and software for students in the upper grades.

“These are kids who’ve only ever been to schools that operate in an environment of low expectations,” Mr. Vallas said. “What we are telling them now is that we have high expectations for them, that they have to step up.”

Internet Access Limited

At John McDonogh High School earlier this month, Nikole Wells, the school’s educational technology coordinator, organized the distribution of nearly 500 laptops in one day. As students arrived at the school’s cavernous auditorium in groups of 30 or 40, Ms. Wells sat them down and explained that the computers are “your responsibility.”

“Think of them just like your textbooks,” she said. “You must take them home every night to do your homework and bring them back every day for class.”

Before the students received their computers, every laptop had been personalized with their names, student-identification numbers, and academic courseware installed to match their class schedules, said Kamala Baker, the educational technology coordinator for the Recovery School District. She is in charge of overseeing the laptop program and the RSD’s other technology initiatives.

Raquel Welsh, an English teacher at Frederick A. Douglass High School in New Orleans, helps adjust the volume on a new laptop for sophomores Jeffrey Holmes, center, and Desenta Pierce on Oct . 19. Nearly 4,000 students from the city's state-run Recovery School District recently received laptops as part of a $53 million initiative.

Students will have limited access to the Internet, Ms. Baker said, and the district has installed filters to keep them from using the laptops to surf Web sites such as the social-networking site MySpace and the popular video-sharing site YouTube.

“What these laptops have on them are lessons and further instruction for them in their core courses,” Ms. Baker said. “The software is meant to be a supplement to the state’s high school curriculum.”

In Algebra 2 courses at John McDonogh, students will use their laptops to “get help with lessons they might not have understood in class,” said Edith Jaynes, a mathematics teacher who started teaching at the high school before the hurricane. “There is a program for Algebra 2 that will reteach the day’s lesson to kids.”

Students will also complete their Algebra 2 homework on their laptops and must submit it to Ms. Jaynes via the Internet. Grade books for each of her classes are downloaded onto her laptop. She and most of McDonogh’s other teachers have been learning to use their own laptop computers since the beginning of the school year.

Most students at McDonogh appeared to be thrilled with the laptops. They immediately pulled the machines from black computer bags to boot them up. But several said they were worried about losing them, breaking them, or, most especially, having them stolen.

“If any of you are worried about taking these home because you live with someone you don’t trust, we can make arrangements for you to leave your laptop here at school,” Ms. Baker told the students.

Beyond the Basics

Two other teachers at McDonogh High, who declined to give their names because they were being critical of the program, said the students’ concerns were legitimate in post-Katrina New Orleans.

Many families here are still living in trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and other temporary housing in neighborhoods where violent-crime rates are high.

About This Project

Education Week’s 2007-08 project on the New Orleans schools will include many online-only features, including archives, links, feature stories, photo galleries, Q&As, and more. Learn more about the series.

Both the teachers also said that many students at McDonogh have more pressing needs than laptop computers. “These are kids with a lot of very basic needs at school,” said one of the teachers, both women. “Some of them are way below grade level, and I’m not sure how giving them these laptops is the best investment toward helping them read and do math better.”

Tieasha Sims, an 18-year-old junior who was still dressed in a blue smock for her cosmetology class when she came to get her laptop, said the responsibility for taking care of the computer is worth the risk.

“This is really going to help me, because everything isn’t always in a book, and our teachers can’t always make it easy to understand,” Ms. Sims said. “Kids in rich school districts get all of this stuff. We deserve to have it, too.”

Ms. Jaynes said many of her students didn’t believe her when she told them they would all be getting their own computers. Their reaction, she said, is a legacy of going to public schools in a city that historically has spent very little on basic supplies, much less technology.

“These kids would never expect something like this,” she said. “We are talking about kids who weren’t used to even getting their own textbooks to take home before Hurricane Katrina.”

Coverage of public education in New Orleans is underwritten by a grant from the Ford Foundation.

Events

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Law & Courts Webinar
The Future of Criminal Justice Reform: A Sphere Education Initiative Conversation
America’s criminal justice system is in crisis and calls for reform are dominating the national debate. Join Cato’s Sphere Education Initiative and Education Week for a webinar on criminal justice and policing featuring the nation’s
Content provided by Cato Institute
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Student Well-Being Webinar
Equity, Care and Connection: New SEL Tools and Practices to Support Students and Adults
As school districts plan to welcome students back into buildings for the upcoming school year, this is the perfect time to take a hard look at both our practices and our systems to build a
Content provided by Panorama Education
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Classroom Technology Webinar
Here to Stay – Pandemic Lessons for EdTech in Future Development
What technology is needed in a post pandemic district? Learn how changes in education will impact development of new technologies.
Content provided by AWS

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Classroom Technology Sponsor
Simplify K-5 Learning with Digital Content—All in One Place
Children learn best when there are fewer barriers to learning. Gale In Context: Elementary, matches how young kids naturally navigate online
Content provided by Gale
Gale In Context: Elementary replicates the way curious kids naturally learn, simplifying the experience
Gale In Context: Elementary replicates the way curious kids naturally learn, simplifying the experience.
Classroom Technology From Our Research Center During COVID-19, Schools Have Made a Mad Dash to 1-to-1 Computing. What Happens Next?
Districts that purchased devices for hybrid and remote learning will have to determine how to use them for in-person instruction.
8 min read
A line of volunteers carries iPads to be delivered to parents at curbside pickup at Eastside Elementary on March 23, 2020, in Clinton, Miss. Educators are handing out the devices for remote learning while students are forced to stay home during the coronavirus outbreak.
A line of volunteers carries iPads to be delivered to parents at curbside pickup at Eastside Elementary a year ago in Clinton, Miss.<br/>
Julio Cortez/AP
Classroom Technology From Our Research Center Most Students Now Have Home Internet Access. But What About the Ones Who Don't?
Here's what school districts, states, and the federal government are doing to improve at-home access to devices and the internet.
8 min read
Sam Urban Wittrock, left, an advance placement World History Teacher at W.W. Samuell High School, displays a wifi hot spot that are being handed out to students in Dallas on April 9, 2020. Dallas I.S.D. is handing out the devices along with wifi hotspots to students in need so that they can connect online for their continued education amid the COVID-19 health crisis.
Sam Urban Wittrock, left, an advanced placement World History teacher at W.W. Samuell High School, displays one of the Wi-Fi hotspots that were handed out to students in Dallas in April of 2020. The Dallas school district gave the devices to students who needed them to do schoolwork at home during the pandemic.
Tony Gutierrez/AP
Classroom Technology From Our Research Center 'A Year of Tremendous Growth.' How the Pandemic Forced Teachers to Master Technology
Educators nationwide say their ability to use technology for instruction improved significantly during the pandemic.
6 min read
Fifth grade teacher April Whipp welcomes back her students virtually during the first day of school at Moss-Nuckols Elementary School on Aug.13, 2020 in Louisa County, Va.
Fifth grade teacher April Whipp welcomes back her students virtually in August during the first day of school at Moss-Nuckols Elementary School in Louisa County, Va.
Erin Edgerton/The Daily Progress via AP