Eliot Spitzer’s resignation last week as governor of New York in the wake of a sex scandal threatens to complicate matters for education policymakers at one of the most pivotal times of the year for public schools: state budget negotiations
On the same day Mr. Spitzer announced his resignation a little more than a year into his first term, the New York Assembly and Senate were expected to release their versions of the one-year state budget amid a projected $4 billion deficit.
Gov. Spitzer’s $81.8 billion budget proposal had included an additional $1.46 billion for education, which would bring total K-12 spending for fiscal 2009 to $21 billion. But advocates had criticized that proposal for falling $350 million short of earlier promises.
The state is supposed to have a budget done by April 1; frequently, the process takes longer. Now, hammering out the budget details, including how much money to allocate to schools and how to plug the budget hole, falls to Gov. Spitzer’s successor, Democrat Lt. Gov. David A. Paterson, who will take office March 17.
These budget decisions will be made in a politically charged environment that’s been rocked by the recent sex scandal and the demise of a governor known as the “Sheriff of Wall Street” for his pursuit of public corruption cases when he was attorney general.
Gov. Spitzer’s successor as governor, Mr. Paterson, a legally blind former legislator, will be the country’s second serving African-American governor. And there will be a new lieutenant governor: Senate Majority Leader Joseph L. Bruno, a Republican who often had tangled with Gov. Spitzer and who assumes his new post per the state constitution.
“This couldn’t be a more difficult time,” said Richard C. Iannuzzi, the president of the New York State United Teachers, a 590,000-member affiliate of the National Education Association and the American Federation of Teachers. “Under Gov. Spitzer, we were beginning to make some real progress in addressing educational equity. Now, with a $4 billion deficit and this kind of political uncertainty, we could probably be facing a setback.”
Gov. Spitzer came into office in 2007 with an ambitious education improvement agenda, although he frequently butted heads with legislative leaders.
Early on, he tapped Manuel Rivera, the former Rochester, N.Y., superintendent, to be his chief education adviser, and Mr. Rivera backed out of a decision to take the superintendent’s job in Boston to assume that post. Even before the governor’s most recent troubles became public, Mr. Rivera was being courted for a top position with Los Angeles Unified School District, according to the Los Angeles Times.
Gov. Spitzer has been praised for increasing the cap on charter schools in New York to 200 from 100, which advocates had tried to accomplish for years. But by far his most difficult task was school funding.
During his first—and essentially only—year in office, Gov. Spitzer had responsibility for bringing state school funding levels into compliance after years of court rulings that had declared them unconstitutional and inadequate. He was making progress by securing more funding in the 2008 budget year. And he also crafted a “Contracts for Excellence” plan that attached strings, and accountability, to additional money for schools. (“Tighter Link Sought Between Spending, Achievement in N.Y.,” Sept. 5, 2007.)
But more recently, Gov. Spitzer had taken some heat for proposing a budget that education advocates said didn’t provide enough additional money for schools.
“Gov. Spitzer gets a lot of credit for increasing school funding, but unfortunately he did not live up to that promise,” said Geri Palast, the executive director of the New York City-based Campaign for Fiscal Equity, which waged a decade-long battle in the state courts to get more funding for schools, particularly in New York City.
A big question mark is how Mr. Paterson, a former Senate minority leader, will fit into budget negotiations in his new role as governor.
“Historically, he has a very positive record on education,” said Ms. Palast. “But no one knows exactly the role he will play.”
She said she’s also encouraged because Mr. Paterson, who represented Harlem in New York City as a lawmaker, supported the CFE lawsuit and the quest for more money for the state’s public schools.
Teachers union officials also expressed hope that Gov. Spitzer’s departure will mean an end to his plan to cap property taxes for schools, a pledge he unveiled in January as a means to curtail the growth of school spending and property taxes on homeowners. He had just created a seven-member commission, which had subpoena powers, to devise a way to cap school property taxes.
“He drew some battle lines there,” Mr. Iannuzzi said. “I would expect Gov. Paterson to bring some fresh perspective.”
Public-school advocates don’t expect to hear much from him on his education agenda while he’s embroiled in budget negotiations. He is known, however, to be a champion for students with disabilities because of his own disability. According to news reports, Mr. Paterson’s family moved out of New York City when he was a child because the city’s schools could not guarantee him an education without putting him in special education classes.
Also, Mr. Paterson has been a supporter of charter schools, and in a 2006 New York Observer story, earned praise from voucher advocate Clint Bolick for being a friend of school choice. However, Mr. Paterson has also said that while he supports the idea of choice, he’s not particularly keen on some tactics of the school-choice movement.
A version of this article appeared in the March 19, 2008 edition of Education Week as N.Y. Governor’s Exit Muddies K-12 Budget Picture