|“A Professional Judgment Approach to Determining Adequate Education Funding in Maryland” |
|“Calculation of the Cost of an Adequate Education in Maryland in 1999-2000 Using Two Different Analytic Approaches” |
|Method and author:||Professional- |
judgment method by Management Analysis and Planning Inc.
|Successful-schools model by Augenblick and Myers||Professional- |
judgment method by Augenblick and Myers
|Outcome standard:||The standard used for adequacy in this study was to allow students to meet the current state standards, with the awareness that at the time the study was conducted, the standards were in the process of changing.||Successful schools were identified using the School Performance Index (SPI), which is a combination of schoolwide average MSPAP performance and other indicators, such as attendance, dropout rate, and curriculum.||The study had different standards for elementary, middle, and high schools based on Maryland School Performance Assessment Program achievement and attendence rates.|
|Additional costs included for:||Two of the three panels included a cost adjustment for students in poverty, English-language learners, and a high concentration of minority students.||This study includes an adjustment for regional cost-of-living differences. Study authors relied on the results of their professional-judgment study to determine the level of additional funding needed for special education students, students in poverty, and English-language learners.||Special education students, students in poverty, and English-language learners|
|Cost estimates:||Average per-pupil expenditures ranged from $7,461 to $9,313 for grades K-12, including full-day kindergarten.|| |
Base cost (across all grades without special education, limited-English proficiency, or poverty): $5,969
By school level:
Base cost (across all grades without special education, LEP, or poverty): $6,612
By school level:
This study also found that it would cost an additional $7,748 per special education student, $9,165 per low-income student, and $6,612 for each English-language learner.