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Sources and Notes for State Data Table

May 02, 2006 4 min read
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Access to Technology | Use of Technology
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Students per instructional computer: Market Data Retrieval, “The K-12 Technology Review 2005.” This figure includes only computers that are available for student instruction.

Students per instructional computer located in classrooms: Market Data Retrieval, “Technology in Education 2004,” and unpublished tabulations from MDR’s 2003-04 Public School Technology Survey. This figure includes only computers located in classrooms that are available for student instruction.

Students per high-speed Internet-connected computer: Market Data Retrieval, “The K-12 Technology Review 2005.” This figure includes only high-speed Internet-connected computers that are available for student instruction. High-speed Internet-connected computer refers to any computer with high-speed access to the Internet (i.e., T1, T3, cable modem).

Students per Internet-connected computer located in classrooms: Market Data Retrieval, “Technology in Education 2004,” and unpublished tabulations from MDR’s 2003-04 Public School Technology Survey. This figure includes only Internet-connected computers located in classrooms that are available for student instruction. Internet-connected computer refers to any computer that can access the Internet.

Use of Technology

State standards for students include technology: Editorial Projects in Education Research Center annual state technology survey, 2006. States receiving a check in this column either have distinct state academic standards for technology or embed technology standards into their state standards for core subject areas.

State tests students on technology: Ibid. States receiving a check in this column test students on their knowledge of, or ability to use, technology through a required, state-administered assessment.

State has established a virtual school: Ibid. States receiving a check in this column have established and/or financed a statewide virtual school, an education institution where instruction is delivered over the Internet. States allowing individual districts to provide their own online courses do not receive credit in this column.

State offers computer-based assessments: Ibid. States receiving a check in this column allow some or all students to use computers to take state assessments. Tests do not have to be administered over the Internet to receive credit.

Capacity to Use Technology

State standards include technology for teachers: Editorial Projects in Education Research Center annual state technology survey, 2006. States receiving a check in this column either have distinct technology standards for teachers or embed technology standards for teachers within standards for other subjects.

State standards include technology for administrators: Ibid. States receiving a check in this column either have distinct technology standards for administrators or embed technology standards for administrators within standards in other areas.

Requirements for an initial license include technology coursework or a test for teachers: Ibid. States receiving a check in this column either require prospective teachers to take specific technology courses or require teachers to demonstrate technology competence through a test.

Requirements for an initial license include technology coursework or a test for administrators: Ibid. States receiving a check in this column either require prospective administrators to take specific technology courses or require administrators to demonstrate technology competence through a test.

State requires technology training or a technology test for recertification, or requires participation in technology-related professional development for teachers: Ibid. States receiving a check in this column require teachers to receive training in the use of technology before they can be recertified, provide or require districts to provide mandatory technology-related professional development, or require teachers to demonstrate competence in the use of technology before they can be recertified.

State requires technology training or a technology test for recertification, or requires participation in technology-related professional development for administrators: Ibid. States receiving a check in this column require administrators to receive training in the use of technology before they can be recertified, provide or require districts to provide mandatory technology-related professional development, or require administrators to demonstrate competence in the use of technology before they can be recertified.

How Market Data Retrieval’s Survey Was Conducted:

From October 2004 to March 2005, Market Data Retrieval, a Shelton, Conn.-based marketing-information and -services provider for the education market, contacted approximately 88,330 public schools in the United States by telephone or by e-mail. Altogether, over 22,000 schools responded to the survey, with an overall response rate of 25 percent.

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