Published Online:
Updated: April 1, 2016

State Data Sources

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Quality Counts Overall State Grades: As reported in Quality Counts 2016: Called to Account—New Directions in School Accountability.

Pre-K-12 Enrollment: Number of public school students attending prekindergarten through grade 12. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data 2013-14 (district-level data).

Number of Districts: Number of school districts in the state. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data 2013-14 (district-level data).

Number of Public Schools: Number of operational public schools in the state. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data 2013-14 (school-level data).

Number of Public School Teachers: Number of full-time equivalent teachers in the state’s public schools, including those teaching prekindergarten and ungraded classes. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data 2013-14 (state-level data).

Annual Per-Pupil Expenditures: Per-pupil funds spent on the day-to-day operation of schools and school districts, prekindergarten to grade 12, including staff salaries and benefits, supplies, and purchased services, but excluding spending on buildings and interest on school debt. U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of School System Finances (Fiscal Year 2013).

Minority Student Enrollment: Percent of all students in public school not classified as “White, Non-Hispanic” in federal reporting, prekindergarten through grade 12. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data 2013-14 (state-level data).

Students with Disabilities: Percent of students in each state who have an “Individualized Education Program” (IEP) as required under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data 2013-14 (district-level data).

English-Language Learners: Percent of students in each state who are receiving English-language-instruction educational services. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data 2013-14 (district-level data). The Education Week Research Center reports comparable data from the 2011-2012 school year for New York due to concerns about the accuracy of information available for 2012-2013 and 2013-2014.

Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch: Percent of public school students eligible for the National School Lunch Program. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data 2013-14 (school-level data). The Education Week Research Center reports comparable data from the 2012-2013 school year for West Virginia where 2013-14 data were not available. For Arizona, comparable data from 2011-12 were used because information from 2012-13 and 2013-14 was not available. Additionally, the Education Week Research Center reports comparable data from the 2012-2013 school year for the District of Columbia due to concerns about the accuracy of information available for 2013-14.

NAEP Mathematics 2015 (4th and 8th grades): Percent of public school students who scored at or above the “proficient” level. National Assessment of Educational Progress, National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, 2015.

NAEP Reading 2015 (4th and 8th grades): Percent of public school students who scored at or above the “proficient” level. National Assessment of Educational Progress, National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, 2015.

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