For whole-school reform to work
well, researchers say, here's what helps:
The school makes a free, informed choice to select the
design, based on a decision by its faculty, often through a
Faculty members who do not support the design can "transfer
The principal and other administrators provide strong
leadership at the school site.
The design is clear and specific, and the developers
clearly explain how it's supposed to work.
Money and time are available for everyone in the school to
participate in professional development, planning, and
The design team provides structured materials and
long-term, targeted technical assistance.
A designated person in the school is responsible for
managing the reform process.
The school participates in a network of like-minded schools
The district has stable leadership that supports the
design, has a culture of trust between schools and the central
office, provides schools with some autonomy over budgets and
hiring, and commits resources for professional development and