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The Justice Department has settled its financial-aid antitrust suit against the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Under the agreement late last month, M.I.T. can share certain background information on student applicants with other top schools, but may not consult with other schools in setting tuition levels.

The department filed suit against M.I.T. in 1991, contending that it violated antitrust laws by meeting each spring with the eight Ivy League colleges to set standard aid packages for commonly admitted students. The other schools decided not to contest the issue.

Last fall, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit reversed a district-court finding that the practice violated antitrust law. (See Education Week, Sept. 29, 1993)


Infant Mortality: The National Commission to Prevent Infant Mortality has called for health-care reform focused on prevention and a broad-based approach to improving the nation's high infant-mortality rate.

The report last month cited statistics indicating that the United States has a higher rate of infant deaths than Japan, Canada, and most European countries. It also noted that African-American infants had a mortality rate of 17.6 deaths per 1,000 births, while only 7.3 of 1,000 white children died before age 1.

"Infant mortality is not so much a medical problem as it is a social problem,'' said Gov. Lawton Chiles of Florida, the commission's chairman.

The six-year-old commission has launched projects to address the health concerns of mothers and children, and has acted as an information clearinghouse. It shut down on Dec. 31 after Congress declined to authorize more funding.

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