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Legislative Update

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The following are summaries of governors' budget requests for precollegiate education and highlights of proposals that rank high on the states' education agendas.

FLORIDA

Governor: Lawton Chiles (D)

FY 1993 proposed state budget: $30.4 billion
FY 1993 proposed K-12 budget: $5.5 billion
FY 1992 K-12 budget: $4.9 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +12.2 percent

Highlights

  • Budget proposal calling for increase in education aid represents Governor's "investment budget,'' which would depend on tax plan calling for a record $1.35 billion in new revenues; Governor has vetoed budget approved by legislature on the grounds that it did not provide enough for education.
  • Governor has proposed phasing in prekindergarten and dropout-prevention programs; also has called for giving 2 percent, or an average of $600, raises to teachers.
  • Governor also proposes to "buy back'' the state lottery over a five-year period with funds generated by levying a gross-receipts tax on some exempted goods and services.

MASSACHUSETTS

Governor: William F. Weld (R)

FY 1993 proposed state budget: $13.5 billion
FY 1993 proposed K-12 budget: $1.62 billion
FY 1992 K-12 budget: $1.43 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +13.3 percent

Highlights

  • Governor has recommended an additional $200 million for education in exchange for such reform measures as doing away with tenure and abolishing seniority as a factor in public-school employment.
  • Governor also has proposed shifting operational and administrative functions from state board of education to an executive office of education headed by a secretary reporting directly to the governor.
  • Budget plan also calls for pilot program to create a mathematics and science academy at which high-school teachers as well as students would be able to spend time at nearby postsecondary institutions.

PENNSYLVANIA

Governor: Robert P. Casey (D)

FY 1993 proposed state budget: $14.2 billion
FY 1993 proposed K-12 budget: $4.89 billion
FY 1992 K-12 budget: $4.9 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: -0.2 percent

Highlights

  • Governor's budget provides stable funding for the basic state subsidy to school districts but shows a negative balance because state would lower its contribution to teacher-pension fund.
  • Advocates funding increases for special education and cuts for higher education.
  • Governor has endorsed state school board's plan to adopt an outcome-based system under which students would be required to master a set of learning standards in order to graduate.


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