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Legislative Update

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The following are summaries of governors' budget requests for precollegiate education and highlights of proposals that rank high on the states' education agendas. Final legislative action on state budgets will be reported in the months ahead.


HAWAII

Governor: John Waihee 3rd (D)

FY 1990-91 state budget: $4.3 billion
FY 1990-91 K-12 budget: $998 million
Proposed change K-12 budget: +$5 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +0.5 percent

Highlights:

  • Governor stressing school/community-based management, performance standards, and continued work on 10-year restructuring program.
  • Also seeking permanent funding for new A-Plus after-school child-care program and creation of "weapon-free school zones."

KENTUCKY

Governor: Wallace G. Wilkinson (D)

FY 1991-92 proposed state budget: $8.55 billion
FY 1991-92 proposed K-12 budget: $3.9 billion
FY 1989-90 K-12 budget: $3.12 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +25 percent

Highlights:

  • Legislature is under court order to redesign entire school system.
  • Proposed reforms include accountability measures, school-based management, new assessments, and new school-financing methods.
  • Governor proposing tax initiatives to raise nearly $500 million annually in new funds, mostly for education.

MASSACHUSETTS

Governor: Michael S. Dukakis (D)

FY 1991 proposed state budget: $12.88 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $1.55 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $1.57 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: -1.3 percent

Highlights:

  • Governor proposing budget without any new taxes; if legislature passes tax package, he will release new budget within two weeks.
  • Budget includes cuts in aid to cities and towns, special-education programs, transportation subsidies, and dropout-prevention programs.
  • Legislature may approve further cuts in fiscal 1990 budget.

MONTANA

Governor: Stan Stephens (R)

FY 1990-91 state budget: $878.2 million
FY 1990-91 K-12 budget: $661.7 million

Highlights:

  • No changes sought in biennial budget adopted last year.
  • New, court-ordered school-funding formula approved by legislature last year scheduled to go into effect in July.
  • Governor urging public support for teacher-incentive program, alternative certification, school "report cards," and tuition-free transfers for students to any school in the state.

NEW MEXICO

Governor: Garrey E. Carruthers (R)

FY 1991 proposed state budget: $1.84 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $903.9 million
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $863 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +4.7 percent

Highlights:

  • Governor seeking $2.8 million to pay teachers to make after-school visits to parents; will propose tax increase to pay for teacher pay raise.
  • Also proposing $6 million to pay extra costs for districts that extend school year to 200 days, and funding for reduction in kindergarten class sizes.

OREGON

Governor: Neil Goldschmidt (D)

FY 1990-91 state budget: $4.5 billion
FY 1990-91 K-12 budget: $1.13 billion

Highlights:

  • No changes sought in biennial budget adopted last year.
  • Governor proposing to use lottery funds to fully fund Head Start program.
  • Legislature not scheduled to convene until January 1991.

SOUTH CAROLINA

Governor: Carroll A. Campbell Jr. (R)

FY 1991 proposed state budget: $3.84 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $1.44 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $1.39 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +3.6 percent

Highlights:

  • Budget prepared by state panel that includes Governor, treasurer, comptroller general, chairmen of Senate and House finance panels.
  • Governor seeking $200 million for school construction and new scholarship program for outstanding high-school students who want to become public-school teachers.
  • Legislature expected to consider parental-consent provisions for minors seeking abortion and ban on driver's licenses to dropouts.

WEST VIRGINIA

Governor: Gaston Caperton (D)

FY 1991 proposed state budget: $1.75 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $958.6 million
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $932.8 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +2.8 percent

Highlights:

  • Governor imposing hiring freeze; health and human services only state department to receive funding increases.
  • Budget does not include expected raises for teachers; Democrats in legislature expected to object.

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