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Capital Update

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Capital Update tracks the movement of legislation, the introduction
of notable bills, and routine regulatory announcements.

Legislative Action

Child CareThe Senate Finance Committee held two days of hearings last week on 11

Various billschild-care proposals currently before the Congress.

Education DayPresident Bush last week signed legislation proclaiming April 16 of this year

and April 6, 1990, as "Education Day U.S.A."

Family LeaveThe Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee last week approved legislation

S 345requiring many employers to give their workers up to 10 weeks of unpaid leave over

a two-year period to care for newborn, newly adopted, or sick children. The

measure did not include an exemption for schools.

Fiscal 1990Taking the first step toward implementing a budget pact reached April 14 by

Budget President Bush and Congressional leaders, the Senate Budget Committee last

week approved 1990 budget guidelines providing a 6.8 percent increase for the

spending category that includes education. The full Senate was expected to vote on

the resolution this week, and the House Budget Committee was also to begin work.

Fiscal 1989The House Appropriations Committee last week approved a $4.5-billion

Supplementalsupplemental spending bill that includes $892 million needed to cover shortfalls in

the Stafford student-loan program, but rejected President Bush's proposal to make a

1.1 percent cut in all discretionary domestic programs.

Military-BaseThe House voted overwhelmingly last week to back a plan to close 86 military bases

Closingsand scale back 5 more. No Senate action is required.

Science EducationThe House Science, Space, and Technology subcommittee on science research and

HR 996technology April 12 approved a bill establishing scholarships for college students

majoring in science, mathematics, or engineering. The bill would also award

additional scholarships for science and mathematics majors who agreed to teach

for two years in the public schools for each year of federal support.

Youth Service The House Education and Labor Committee and the Senate Labor and Human

Various billsResources Committee continued separate hearings last week on a variety of

proposals for a national youth-service program.

In the Education Department

Adult EducationThe Education Department has published proposed regulations that would

Proposed Regulationsimplement changes in adult-education programs, including programs for homeless

adults, mandated by last year's omnibus reauthorization law. States are required to

submit more detailed plans, and to concentrate more on serving the disadvantaged.

Regulations for new literacy programs are also included. The rules were published

in the April 12 Federal Register, and comments are due by June 12.

Deaf-BlindThe Education Department has published final regulations for the Deaf-Blind

ProgramsChildren and Youth program that alter some award criteria, provide for exchanges

Final Regulationsof technical assistance between agencies, and allow support of extended school-year

programs. The rules, published in the April 17 Federal Register, do not make major

changes in proposed regulations published Nov. 22.

Pell-GrantThe Education Department has published regulations specifying the conditions

Eligibilityunder which a student's 1989-90 financial-aid eligibility will be calculated by the

Final Regulationsdepartment based on expected income rather than actual 1988 income. The rules

implement a provision of the fiscal 1989 appropriations law that removed for one

year administrators' discretion to adjust a student's eligibility for Pell Grants.

The rules were published in final form in the April 12 Federal Register.

Technology forThe Education Department has proposed regulations for the Technology-Related

the DisabledAssistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988. The law created a grant

Proposed Regulationsprogram to enable states to provide technological aid to the disabled. The rules

were published in the April 12 Federal Register, and comments are due by May 12.

In Other Agencies

Juvenile JusticeThe Justice Department has proposed regulations that would implement changes

Proposedmade last year when the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act was

Regulationsreauthorized. The act authorizes some education programs, but the changes relate

primarily to jail-removal programs. The rules were published in the April 12

Federal Register, and comments are due by May 12.

Welfare ReformThe Department of Health and Human Services has issued proposed rules for the

Proposednew federal welfare program, which requires states to offer education, job-training,

Regulationsand support services, such as child care, for welfare recipients. The proposals,

in the April 18 and 19 Federal Register, have a 60-day comment period.

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