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Legislative Update

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The following are summaries of final action by legislatures on education-related matters.

Final Action

KANSAS

Governor: Mike Hayden (R)
FY 1989 state budget: $2.1 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $782.4 million
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $713.2 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +10 percent

Highlights

  • Approved school-finance plan favoring rural districts. Includes $1.3 million in "additional guarantees'' to districts adversely affected by new formula.
  • Added $32 million in equalization aid to raise teachers' salaries by an average of 4.7 percent.
  • Approved a $1.5-million sex- and AIDS-education program.
  • Banned smoking in all schools.
  • Required districts to use results of minimum-competency tests to identify students in need of remediation.
  • Approved a $15-million ad valorem tax refund for schools. The Governor has promised a veto.
  • Defeated a proposal to remove all references to the state board of education from the state constitution.

MINNESOTA

Governor: Rudy Perpich (D)
FY 1988-89 state budget: $11 billion (Approved May 1987)
FY 1988-89 K-12 budget: $2.97 billion
Addition to K-12 budget: $38 million
Percent change K-12 budget:+1 percent

Highlights

  • Statewide open-enrollment plan.
  • Created education entitlement for those over compulsory-attendance age who lack high-school diplomas.
  • "Learnfare'' program requires teen-age mothers on welfare to stay in school to receive full benefits.
  • Increased general state aid to districts by $15.9 million. Also added to biennial budget $12 million to fund desegregation in state's three largest cities, and $500,000 in grants for programs for at-risk preschoolers.
  • Allowed districts to offer extended-day program for K-6 pupils.
  • Created panels to advise on district organization and proposed American Indian school or district in Twin Cities area.
  • Raised compulsory-attendance age from 16 to 18.

MISSOURI

Governor: John Ashcroft (R)
FY 1989 state budget: $3.56 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $1.1 billion
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $1.02 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +8 percent

Highlights

  • Agreed to hold referendum on decreasing majority needed to pass school-bond issues from 66 percent to 57 percent.
  • Adopted college-savings-bond plan; boosted aid for summer and gifted-and-talented programs; placed sales tax on videotape rentals, with funds earmarked for educational purposes.
  • Defeated bills that would have: provided incentives for districts to lengthen school year; extended driving privileges to 15-year-olds with good academic records.

TENNESSEE

Governor: Ned R. McWherter (D)
FY 1989 state budget: $7.1 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $1.33 billion
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $1.22 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +9 percent

Highlights

  • Revised career ladder for teachers, separating "extended contract'' allocation from program and allowing teachers not on the ladder to apply for 11- and 12-month contracts.
  • Raised the starting salary for teachers from $15,350 to $16,925.
  • Allowed districts to adopt drug-testing programs for students; provide day care before and after school day.
  • Required minors to obtain parental consent before having abortions.
  • Defeated bill requiring school year to start after Labor Day.

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