Youth Unemployment Still Serious Problem
Copyright 1984, Editorial The youth-unemployment rate is 19.3 percent nationwide; for blacks, the jobless rate stands at "a towering 43.5 percent," according to the report.
Last year, youth-employment programs run by privately sponsored groups in 14 major cities placed 48,831 teen-agers in summer jobs, up from 33,204 the year before. The number of companies participating more than doubled--up from 5,152 in the summer of 1982 to 10,918 last summer.
The major reasons for last year's gains and the improved outlook this year are liberalized tax credits that allow employers to deduct 85 percent of the salaries they pay teen-agers; better planning by job coalitions; and the nation's strong economic recovery, the report said.
New York City led the 14 cities in the survey, finding jobs for about 20,000 teen-agers last summer. Houston ranked second, followed by Cleveland, Chicago, and Miami. Detroit was the only city that failed to show any increase from the previous year.