President Donald Trump was elected promising a huge new school choice initiative, a slimmed down—or nonexistent—U.S. Department of Education, the end of the Common Core State Standards, new tax incentives to cover child-care costs, and more. Here’s a look at how things have turned out on several key campaign pledges a year after Trump’s upset presidential victory:
Vouchers and School Choice
The campaign promise: In his one and only campaign speech on K-12, Trump pledged to create a brand-new, $20 billion public and private school initiative, offering vouchers of up to $12,000 per student. Trump did not say where the money would come from.
The reality: Trump picked Betsy DeVos, a lifelong school choice advocate, as his education secretary, but that doesn’t mean the issue has much momentum. Trump never did provide details on that $20 billion school choice proposal. And Congress has so far rebuffed both the administration’s request for a $250 million voucher program and its pitch for a $1 billion public school choice program. Plus, the GOP tax-overhaul bill recently introduced in Congress doesn’t include the new tax-credit scholarship DeVos was said to be seeking behind the scenes. The tax bill would, however, allow families to save up to $10,000 a year for private K-12 tuition through 529 plans, which currently are a college-savings vehicle under the tax code. And spending bills pending in both the House and Senate would boost funding on charter schools by at least $25 million. That’s not as much as the $167 million the Trump administration asked for in its budget request, but it’s something.
Fate of the Education Department
The campaign promise: Trump pledged to get rid of the Education Department or cut it “way, way down.”
The reality: Trump hasn’t nixed the department. In fact, he named an education secretary, a deputy secretary, and has moved to fill other key positions. At the same time, though, he sought to cut $9 billion from the department’s nearly $70 billion budget, a 13 percent decrease. It’s unclear if Congress will be willing to go along with a cut of that magnitude. And DeVos recently announced plans to get rid of more than 100 rules and guidance documents that the Trump administration says are “outdated” or duplicative. There are also numerous unfilled political appointments.
Ending the Common Core State Standards
The campaign promise: Trump called the common-core standards, which were developed through a partnership between the Council of Chief State School Officers and the National Governors Association, a “disaster.” He said he’d get rid of them.
The reality: Common core is still alive and well and on the books in 35 states and the District of Columbia. Some states have officially ditched the common core but kept in place standards that are substantially similar.
It’s worth noting that Trump couldn’t have kept his promise to kill the common core even if he’d wanted to: the Every Student Succeeds Act, which passed before Trump was elected, specifically bars the federal government from telling states which content standards they can or can’t use.
Increase Tax Credits for Child Care
The campaign promise: Trump said he wanted to offer working women—but not men—six weeks of guaranteed maternity leave. He also wanted to let lower-income families put money from the Earned Income Tax Credit into accounts for “child-enrichment activities,” including private school tuition. And he wanted to let some families deduct child-care costs from their taxes and set up new dependent-care savings accounts.
The reality: None of these ideas made it into the GOP tax-overhaul bill in the U.S. House of Representatives. (That could change during the legislative process.) The House bill would hike the child tax credit to $1,600, from $1,000, while the Senate bill would increase it to $1,650. And the House bill would create a $300 dependent-care tax credit. But the House bill would also scrap accounts that parents can use to put up to $5,000 away for annual child-care expenses, pre-tax.
End DACA Protections for “Dreamers”
The campaign promise: Trump said he would end Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, an Obama-era program that gives protection to an estimated 800,000 immigrants who came to the United States illegally as children, known as “dreamers.”
The reality: In September, Trump acted on this pledge, announcing a “wind down” of DACA. Congress has until March 5 to pass new legislation to allow hundreds of thousands of dreamers to remain in the country. Lawmakers have tried and failed to pass comprehensive immigration reform for more than a decade.
A version of this article appeared in the November 15, 2017 edition of Education Week as A One-Year Scorecard for Trump on K-12 Campaign-Trail Promises