Federal

Shift in Regional Education Labs’ Role Stirs Concern

By Debra Viadero — March 13, 2007 5 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

Since the mid-1960s, a far-flung system of regional laboratories has served as the federal government’s bridge between research and practice in education.

Until recently, many of those labs had been run by the same organizations since the program’s inception. Education administrators had long called on the labs for professional-development programs, management help, research reviews, and various other expert services.

Those long-standing relationships were jolted last spring, however, when the Institute of Education Sciences, the arm of the U.S. Department of Education that oversees the labs, announced the results of its latest laboratory competition.

Under the new five-year contracts, the 10 regional labs received new missions, and in four cases, new operators. Their new charge is to spend more time doing slow, careful, and rigorous education research and less time on some of the constituent services that some educators in the field had been used to getting.

Now, nearly a year later, the shift in focus is prompting complaints from some longtime customers.

Those practitioners say they support the Education Department’s efforts to nurture better-quality studies in education. But that kind of research takes time, they note, and with state and federal accountability deadlines looming, such educators say time is a luxury they don’t have.

Polly Feis

“It’s like the labs have been shrink-wrapped into this research mode,” said Polly Feis, Nebraska’s deputy commissioner of education and a member of the governing board for the Central Regional Education Laboratory, which has long been run by Mid-Continent Research for Education and Learning, in Denver. “We’ve been so used to getting quality expert responses from them quickly, so it’s kind of like we’re left without something.”

Rigor vs. Relevance

The Nebraska educator was among a number of governing-board members from around the country who voiced concerns about the labs’ change in emphasis during a meeting last month in Washington with IES officials.

Federal Regional Educational Laboratories

The U.S. Department of Education contracts with private organizations to run 10 regional education labs charged with disseminating research findings, undertaking their own long-term studies, and conducting short-term research projects.

*Click image to see the full chart.

BRIC ARCHIVE

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education

Tensions have not cropped up in every federal-laboratory region. But an informal survey by Education Week suggests that laboratory governing-board members in at least four regions have concerns about the labs’ change in direction.

In fact, the board for WestEd, the San Francisco-based lab that serves Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah, passed a resolution on the subject at its regular meeting in January.

Urging that “rigor not compromise relevance,” the resolution called on staff members at the regional education lab “to work with IES to assure relevance as defined by the region and increase timeliness of delivery as well as rigor.”

Institute officials, for their part, said the concerns may be a temporary part of the transition for the labs as they grow accustomed to their new missions.

The stepped-up emphasis on rigorous research grows out of the institute’s campaign—a priority for the Bush administration—to foster more education studies that are “scientifically based.” Through studies seen as more scientifically credible, federal officials hope to transform the field into an “evidence based” practice akin to medicine.

Officials say the labs also have to assume new roles to avoid duplicating the work of the federally financed network of 20 regionally based comprehensive-assistance centers. The centers were created two years ago to advise states and districts on complying with the No Child Left Behind Act and offer technical assistance in specialized areas, such as special education.

“I think it’s a question of adjusting and trying to understand what the new regional-education-laboratory program is,” said Phoebe H. Cottingham, the commissioner of the National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, which oversees the lab system for the IES. “We expect the labs will come to know what their niche is.”

Phoebe H. Cottingham

Under their new contracts, the labs must divide their time equally among three activities: dissemination, research, and rapid-response projects. The last category refers to studies that can be turned around in 12 months.

The problem, some members of the regional labs’ governing boards say, is that “rapid response” hasn’t been rapid enough. None of the 60 projects begun in the labs’ first contract year has yet been published, according to federal research officials. Ms. Cottingham said most of those projects are in review; 10 to 12 have yet to be submitted.

“It’s great to have all this rigorous research, but we would also like quick response to be quick response,” said Deanna D. Winn, who chairs WestEd’s board and recently retired from her job as associate commissioner for higher education in Utah.

The slowdown stems in part from new requirements that applied to the new laboratory contracts, including one that all lab-produced studies had to be vetted by outside peer-review panels twice—once in the beginning to get the proposals approved and again once the studies had been completed.

Under another federal directive, rapid-response projects were required to be completed within a contract year. That led some labs to postpone study requests that came too late to be completed by the contract year’s end.

In response to the concerns about timeliness, the Institute of Education Sciences in recent weeks changed its rules to allow rapid-response projects to straddle two contract years.

In addition, lab researchers may now release a small percentage of rapid-response studies before they are peer-reviewed, Ms. Cottingham said. Instead, those reports can now be vetted at the end of the contract year, when the labs undergo general performance reviews.

‘Decisions in a Vacuum’

Ms. Cottingham said the lab system plans to set up a centralized “reference desk” for practitioners and policymakers who want to know what research says about a particular topic.

The IES is also producing practice guides that will synthesize the “best available evidence”—rigorous studies, studies that fall short of that benchmark, and practitioner wisdom—and add another layer of practical help.

“It is true that maybe in the past, for instance, more attention was paid in the labs to running seminars for teachers, but there are now many people who do professional-development services,” Ms. Cottingham said. “Now the focus is on what do we know about professional-development strategies.”

Whether the recent IES efforts will address board members’ concerns in all 10 regions remains to be seen.

“They’re a step in the right direction,” said David V. Abbott, the deputy commissioner of the Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. He sits on the governing board for the Northeast and Islands Regional Education Laboratory, run by the Newton, Mass.-based Education Development Center, which wants more flexibility for the labs.

“We don’t need it to be perfect,” he added. “We just need more answers than we currently have, because we’re out here making decisions in a vacuum.”

Coverage of education research is supported in part by a grant from the Spencer Foundation.

Related Tags:

A version of this article appeared in the March 14, 2007 edition of Education Week as Shift in Regional Education Labs’ Role Stirs Concern

Events

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
IT Infrastructure & Management Webinar
From Chaos to Clarity: How to Master EdTech Management and Future-Proof Your Evaluation Processes
The road to a thriving educational technology environment is paved with planning, collaboration, and effective evaluation.
Content provided by Instructure
Special Education Live Online Discussion A Seat at the Table - Special Education: Proven Interventions for Academic Success
Special education should be a launchpad, not a label. Join the conversation on how schools can better support ALL students.
Special Education K-12 Essentials Forum Innovative Approaches to Special Education
Join this free virtual event to explore innovations in the evolving landscape of special education.

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Federal Opinion Federal Education Reform Has Largely Failed. Unfortunately, We Still Need It
Neither NCLB nor ESSA have lived up to their promise, but the problems calling for national action persist.
Jack Jennings
4 min read
Red, Blue, and Purple colors over a fine line etching of the Capitol building. Republicans and Democrats, Partisan Politicians.
Douglas Rissing/iStock
Federal A More Complete Picture of Immigration's Impact on U.S. Public Schools
House Republicans say a migrant influx has caused "chaos" in K-12 schools. The reality is more complicated.
10 min read
Parents and community members rally outside P.S. 189 to protest New York City Mayor Eric Adam's plan to temporarily house immigrants in the school's gymnasium, seen in the background on May 16, 2023, in New York.
Parents and community members rally outside P.S. 189 to protest New York City Mayor Eric Adam's plan to temporarily house immigrants in the school's gymnasium, seen in the background on May 16, 2023, in New York.
John Minchillo/AP
Federal Explainer What Is Title IX? Schools, Sports, and Sex Discrimination
Title IX, the law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex, is undergoing changes. What it is, how it works, and how it's enforced.
2 min read
In this Nov. 21, 1979 file photo, Bella Abzug, left, and Patsy Mink of Women USA sit next to Gloria Steinem as she speaks in Washington where they warned presidential candidates that promises for women's rights will not be enough to get their support in the next election.
In this Nov. 21, 1979, photo, Bella Abzug, left, and Patsy Mink of Women USA sit next to Gloria Steinem as she speaks in Washington at an event where they warned presidential candidates that promises for women's rights will not be enough to win their support in the next election.
Harvey Georges/AP
Federal Donald Trump's Conviction: 3 Takeaways for Educators
The conviction gives educators a backdrop to discuss elections, the judicial system, and how to evaluate biases.
4 min read
Former President Donald Trump appears at Manhattan criminal court during jury deliberations in his criminal hush money trial in New York, on May 30, 2024.
Former President Donald Trump appears at Manhattan criminal court during jury deliberations in his criminal hush money trial in New York, on May 30, 2024. The jury convicted him on all counts.
Steven Hirsch/New York Post via AP