School Choice & Charters

Justices Decline Appeal on AmeriCorps’ Role in Religious Schools

By Andrew Trotter — January 17, 2006 3 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

The U.S. Supreme Court last week declined to rule on the constitutionality of federal AmeriCorps program grants that are paid to volunteers who teach in religious schools.

It also decided an antitrust case in the heavy-truck industry that has a bearing on school districts’ purchases of school buses.

AmeriCorps awards scholarships to individuals who perform at least 1,700 hours of secular public service in programs sponsored by a wide range of organizations, including more than 1,600 schools, both public and religious. The program also gives sponsoring organizations $400 for each individual who performs public service with the program, to help defray the administrative costs of participation. The money is paid under the National and Community Service Act of 1990.

The American Jewish Congress challenged the participation of religious schools on the grounds that volunteers who go into such schools to teach often blend secular instruction with religious instruction and sometimes lead students in prayer. It contends that those religious activities are an unconstitutional government establishment of religion.

The group’s appeal asked the high court to make clear that the government may not fund teachers who teach religion in sectarian elementary and secondary schools and to ensure that direct grants to religious groups are restricted to secular uses.

The Supreme Court on Jan. 9 refused without comment to review a 2005 ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. That court upheld payments to the volunteers in the religious schools by the Corporation for National and Community Service, better known as AmeriCorps.

In a brief to the high court in American Jewish Congress v. Corporation for National and Community Service (Case No. 05-282), U.S. Solicitor General Paul D. Clement said, “All that the [AmeriCorps] Education Awards program does is decline to disqualify individuals who have performed the requisite secular work from receiving an award, just because those same individuals also engaged in religious activities on their own initiative. Furthermore, the program prohibits individuals from crediting any time spent engaged in religious activities toward qualifying for [a federal award], which eliminated any potential programmatic incentive to engage in those activities.”

Marc D. Stern, the general counsel of the American Jewish Congress, said in a statement last week that the Supreme Court’s refusal to take up the case was “a stark reminder of how weak the wall between church and state has become.”

Antitrust Decision

Separately last week, in a case being watched by the school transportation industry, the Supreme Court ruled that a manufacturer of heavy trucks cannot be found liable under a federal antitrust law if it gives different wholesale prices to different dealers who are selling the manufacturer’s trucks through competitive bidding but are not directly competing with one another.

A dealer who sold Volvo trucks alleged that Volvo Trucks North America violated the federal Robinson-Patman Act of 1936, which bars wholesalers from charging different prices to retail outlets that compete with one another.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit, in St. Louis, had awarded the dealer triple damages from the manufacturer.

The National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation Services had noted in a friend-of-the-court brief that dealers for school bus manufacturers have long followed the same practice of bidding for contracts and only ordering buses after a contract is won. The group, based in The Plains, Va., argued that the lower-court decision would discourage school bus manufacturers from giving discounts to help their dealers win competitions for sales to districts. (“Justices Hear Case That Could Affect School Bus Market,” Nov. 9, 2005.)

Deputy Solicitor General Thomas G. Hungar had argued for the Bush administration, in support of Volvo, that the law has never applied to dealership arrangements typical for heavy truck and school bus sales.

Writing for a 7-2 majority, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg rejected the specific examples of wrongdoing presented by the dealer.

In her opinion, she said that the dealer had presented examples of favored pricing that “mixed and matched” unrelated transactions, an invalid basis for claiming an injury from favoritism in pricing.

What’s more, she said, the Robinson-Patman Act was intended to protect consumers who purchase trucks, not necessarily the dealers; in fact, the selective pricing may boost competition among brands, leading to lower prices—a point similar to the argument made by the school bus group.

The case is Volvo Trucks North America Inc. v. Reeder-Simco GMC Inc. (Case No. 04-905).


Budget & Finance Webinar Staffing Schools After ESSER: What School and District Leaders Need to Know
Join our newsroom for insights on investing in critical student support positions as pandemic funds expire.
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Student Achievement Webinar
How can districts build sustainable tutoring models before the money runs out?
District leaders, low on funds, must decide: broad support for all or deep interventions for few? Let's discuss maximizing tutoring resources.
Content provided by Varsity Tutors for Schools
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
College & Workforce Readiness Webinar
Roundtable Webinar: Why We Created a Portrait of a Graduate
Hear from three K-12 leaders for insights into their school’s Portrait of a Graduate and learn how to create your own.
Content provided by Otus

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

School Choice & Charters Private School Choice Continues to Spread. 3 Things to Know
New research shows private schools increase tuition when states send public funds for parents to spend on private education.
6 min read
Image of private school kids outside in the school yard.
School Choice & Charters Opinion Does School Choice 'Work'?
Ultimately, the “how” of educational choice may matter more than the “what.”
10 min read
Image shows a multi-tailed arrow hitting the bullseye of a target.
DigitalVision Vectors/Getty
School Choice & Charters Opinion 'Control Freaks' Are 'Losing Their Grip' on Education
"School choice evangelist" says new laws are a response to unions, bureaucracies, and K-12 ideologues.
12 min read
Image shows a multi-tailed arrow hitting the bullseye of a target.
DigitalVision Vectors/Getty
School Choice & Charters Another State Is Launching a Private School Choice Program. Will More Follow?
Alabama is the 12th state to offer a private school choice program that all students in the state will be eligible to access.
5 min read
Image of students working at desks, wearing black and white school uniforms.