Education Funding

Ariz. Governor Signs Finance Bill; Legal Challenge Likely

By Lynn Schnaiberg — March 12, 1997 3 min read

While most Arizona Republican leaders were claiming victory last week in solving a long-running school finance battle, they also acknowledged that the debate is far from over and that a legal showdown is likely.

Gov. Fife Symington last week signed a finance bill that he and other GOP leaders worked on for weeks in closed-door meetings. Lawmakers in the Republican-dominated state had put the bill on a fast track.

Attempts to move other finance-reform plans this session have stalled.

Earlier stabs at solutions to Arizona’s finance inequities have been turned down by the courts as insufficient. Many observers predict this latest plan will face serious questions from the courts, too.

In response to a lawsuit filed by poor school districts, the Arizona Supreme Court ruled in 1994 that the finance system unconstitutionally created vast disparities in districts’ ability to afford school construction, building maintenance, and equipment. (“Ariz. Construction Funds Come Up Short, Critics Say,” May 22, 1996.)

Last year, lawmakers approved a $100 million grant-and-loan fund for school repair and construction and a 10-year plan to provide poor and fast-growing districts $30 million a year in state facilities aid. But in November, a Maricopa County Superior Court judge declared those plans insufficient.

The judge said officials must devise a new finance system by June 30, 1998, or the court would freeze state school funds. Mr. Symington asked the state supreme court to reverse the lower court’s ruling, but in January the high court upheld it.

Schools Chief Opposed

The plan signed last week creates a formula that will funnel $32.5 million a year from existing sales-tax revenue to poor districts.

Though the plan says schools will be guaranteed $350 a year for every elementary student and $525 for every high school student, how much of that would be paid for by new state aid will vary depending on a school system’s wealth.

Roughly 85 of Arizona’s 226 districts will receive new aid under the plan.

“It is a permanent, fundamental, structural change to the current school finance system as required by the Roosevelt v. Bishop court decision, including an entitlement to ensure capital in low-wealth districts,” Mr. Symington said of the bill that he signed on March 5.

But critics, including Lisa Graham Keegan, the Republican state schools chief, and many education groups disagreed.

“This plan belies a desire to dispense with this critical issue and get on with other things in the legislature,” said Ms. Keegan, who has often butted heads with Mr. Symington over school finance. “This bill has nothing to do with per-pupil equity and will not address the disparities in tax rates around the state.”

Poor school districts will still have to go heavily into debt before receiving state resources, critics argued, and would have to compete with growing districts for a pool of money that is too small.

Estimates put Arizona schools’ “emergency” health and safety needs as high as $100 million.

Confrontation Coming?

While proponents of the plan said it will cap spending among high-wealth districts, others, such as Timothy M. Hogan, the executive director of the Arizona Center for Law in the Public Interest, said the cap included in the finance law would affect only a handful of the state’s richest districts.

Mr. Hogan, who represented the strapped school districts that filed the original funding lawsuit, called the legislature’s latest move little more than a stalling tactic.

Mr. Symington has frequently criticized the courts for interfering in state business. Some observers predicted last week that he will use the school finance debate to force a high-stakes showdown between the legislature and the courts.

“It’s clear that we’ll be back in court,” Mr. Hogan said. “For the leadership this ceased to be about schools a long time ago. This is about politics.”

Related Tags:

Events

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Student Well-Being Webinar
Equity, Care and Connection: New SEL Tools and Practices to Support Students and Adults
As school districts plan to welcome students back into buildings for the upcoming school year, this is the perfect time to take a hard look at both our practices and our systems to build a
Content provided by Panorama Education
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Classroom Technology Webinar
Here to Stay – Pandemic Lessons for EdTech in Future Development
What technology is needed in a post pandemic district? Learn how changes in education will impact development of new technologies.
Content provided by AWS
School & District Management Live Online Discussion A Seat at the Table: Strategies & Tips for Complex Decision-Making
Schools are working through the most disruptive period in the history of modern education, facing a pandemic, economic problems, social justice issues, and rapid technological change all at once. But even after the pandemic ends,

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Education Funding Schools Can Help Families Apply for Federal Help in Paying for Home Internet Access
Families who qualify for the free and reduced-price lunch program can get $50 off their monthly broadband bills.
2 min read
Image of a child's hand on a keyboard.
kiankhoon/IStock/Getty
Education Funding Miguel Cardona's First Budget Hearing Becomes Forum on In-Person Learning, 1619 Project
In his first public testimony to Congress as education secretary, Cardona also touched on standardized testing and student discipline.
6 min read
Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona, right, talks to 12th grade art student Madri Mazo at White Plains High School in White Plains, N.Y. on April 22, 2021.
U.S. Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona, left, talks to 12th grade art student Eugene Coleman at White Plains High School in White Plains, N.Y. in April.
Mark Lennihan/AP
Education Funding States Are Waffling Over Billions in K-12 Federal Relief. Schools Are Getting Antsy.
Schools in some states have already started spending money from recent federal stimulus packages. Others don’t yet have the dollars in hand.
6 min read
Conceptual image of money dropping into a jar.
iStock/Getty
Education Funding Opinion The COVID-19 Stimulus Money Won’t Last Forever. Here’s What's Next for Schools
There are three important first steps for states to start helping schools prepare now, write two policy experts.
Zahava Stadler & Victoria Jackson
5 min read
a group of people water a lightbulb plant, nurturing an idea
iStock/Getty Images