Blog

Your Education Road Map

Politics K-12®

ESSA. Congress. State chiefs. School spending. Elections. Education Week reporters keep watch on education policy and politics in the nation’s capital and in the states. Read more from this blog.

Every Student Succeeds Act

Analysis: Districts in Most States May Lose Title I Money Under Obama Budget

By Alyson Klein — March 01, 2016 2 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

Districts in more than 30 states could stand to lose a small portion of their Title I funding if Congress adopts the president’s fiscal year 2017 proposal for the program without any changes, according to an unpublished analysis by the Congressional Research Service obtained by Politics K-12.

Districts in Michigan could stand to lose the most, according to the report—more than $10 million out of $495 million in Title I funding overall currently. Other states facing losses include Mississippi, which could lose nearly $5 million out of $186 million in Title I funding overall, according to the analysis. Other potential cuts are smaller, relatively speaking. Alaska districts could lose about $40,000.

The report could provide fuel for advocates for districts that have expressed dismay that the FY 2017, which would go into effect largely during the 2017-18 school year (the first year that the new Every Student Succeeds Act will be in place), would essentially level-fund the main federal K-12 program for disadvantaged students, Title I.

Some wonky background: Under the president’s budget, which was released in February, Title I would get about $15.4 billion, or roughly $450 million more than current levels. That probably sounds like a big increase. But it isn’t, because ESSA eliminated the Title I School Improvement Grant program, which is currently funded at $450 million. That money would simply be folded into the new proposed total for Title I.

So where do these potential cuts come from? Even though it eliminated the school improvement program, ESSA sought to provide other resources for improving struggling schools by upping the amount of Title I funding states must set aside for that purpose, from 4 percent to 7 percent. But, crucially, for just one year, it suspends a requirement that districts be “held harmless,” meaning that for the 2017-18 school year—and for that year—districts can receive less Title I funding than they did the previous year, to make room for the state set-aside. The report assumes all states are currently taking the full 4 percent set-aside.

What’s more, ESSA allows state education departments to hold back up to 3 percent of Title I funds for programs such as tutoring if they so choose. That could result in less Title I money per district, advocates fear.

The CRS report isn’t all bad news, however. Districts in other states may actually stand to gain. For instance, districts in Florida may end up with about $4 million in additional Title I money.

Still, it’s a sure bet that advocates for districts will use the CRS report to make their case to lawmakers overseeing K-12 that Title I should get more than the $15.4 billion the department is seeking.

For its part, the Education Department doesn’t appear to expect the potential funding loss in certain states would have a serious impact. The possible cut to district level Title I grants would amount to about $200 million overall, for a more than $15 billion program. Amy McIntosh, a senior advisor filling the role of the assistant secretary overseeing planning, evaluation and policy, told advocates at a meeting on the department’s budget request that any funding changes would be relatively minor. What’s more, she pointed out that the president’s budget asks for more money for Title I than ESSA authorizes.

Related Tags:

Commenting has been disabled on edweek.org effective Sept. 8. Please visit our FAQ section for more details. To get in touch with us visit our contact page, follow us on social media, or submit a Letter to the Editor.


Events

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Teaching Webinar
6 Key Trends in Teaching and Learning
As we enter the third school year affected by the pandemic—and a return to the classroom for many—we come better prepared, but questions remain. How will the last year impact teaching and learning this school
Content provided by Instructure
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Student Well-Being Webinar
Attendance Awareness Month: The Research Behind Effective Interventions
More than a year has passed since American schools were abruptly closed to halt the spread of COVID-19. Many children have been out of regular school for most, or even all, of that time. Some
Content provided by AllHere
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
School & District Management Webinar
Ensuring Continuity of Learning: How to Prepare for the Next Disruption
Across the country, K-12 schools and districts are, again, considering how to ensure effective continuity of learning in the face of emerging COVID variants, politicized debates, and more. Learn from Alexandria City Public Schools superintendent
Content provided by Class

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Every Student Succeeds Act Republicans Tell Miguel Cardona His Plan for ESSA Waivers Seems to Violate the Law
The Every Student Succeeds Act doesn't permit the education secretary to seek certain data he's asking for, the two GOP lawmakers say.
4 min read
White House press secretary Jen Psaki, left, listens as Education Secretary Miguel Cardona, center, speaks during a press briefing at the White House on March 17, 2021.
White House press secretary Jen Psaki, left, listens as Education Secretary Miguel Cardona, center, speaks during a press briefing at the White House on March 17, 2021.
Andrew Harnik/AP
Every Student Succeeds Act How Will ESSA Hold Up During COVID-19? Pandemic Tests the Law's Resilience
Lawmakers designed ESSA to limit mandates covering issues like how tests are used. Will that affect how well the law survives the pandemic?
6 min read
Every Student Succeeds Act Betsy DeVos Tells States Not to Expect Waivers From Annual Tests
The tests required by federal law are crucial to helping schools respond to the coronavirus pandemic and help vulnerable students, the education secretary said in a letter to chief state school officers.
3 min read
Every Student Succeeds Act Top DeVos Deputy: Our 'Instinct' Is to Not Give States Testing Waivers Next Year
"Accountability aside, we need to know where students are so we can address their needs," Assistant Secretary of Education Jim Blew said during remarks at the Education Writers Association's National Seminar.
3 min read