Mary Ryerse with Paul Goren
Paul Goren is superintendent of Evanston/Skokie School District and has been a champion
of Social Emotional Learning (SEL) for many years. We took some time to talk with him about why he believes SEL is important and what he and his colleagues
in Evanston/Skokie are doing to promote SEL in their schools and community.
Q. What contributed to you becoming so committed to SEL?
A. Along with caring about academic development, I have always aspired to help students develop into good citizens, good problem solvers, and good decision
makers. Further, I have also recognized the importance of helping students pay attention to conflict, its sources, and how to resolve it. I spent time
working at the Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning (CASEL), an organization that has taught me
and many others an important lesson: that SEL competencies are teachable and can be part of the routines of any school or district.
Simply stated, as I think of the purpose of education, I think of supporting the development of skills and competencies to do good and do well.
Q. Please tell us a bit about your school district and what you are doing to promote SEL in Evanston/Skokie.
A. We are a fascinating and fantastic community with 15 schools and 7,200 students, 40% of whom qualify for free and reduced lunch and 58% of whom are
students of color. We are a very diverse place that represents the demographics of our country.
Our SEL efforts are really an outgrowth of our strategic plan. As we engaged in the strategic planning process, we were committed to listening to the
community’s voice on what was important for students to know and be able to do. What came from
the voice of over 2,000 who participated was a clarion call to embrace not only academics, but also SEL.
Along with academic growth, it was clear that the families who make up our district want young people to become effective decision makers as they prepare
to deal with a wide range of circumstances in their lives.
Q. Can you give examples of initiatives or practices that support SEL?
A. There are all sorts of approaches across a variety domains that can help develop multiple cognitive aspects. A few examples include:
School Climate Teams. Adults in schools look at student behavior, suspensions, conflicts, and discern where we’re growing, with an angle or lens on
SEL. For example, we ask, “How are we serving our students and not just putting them in a penalty box?”
Restorative Justice Circles. Students participate in structured processes and activities that promote group problem solving practices.
Whole Child Council. Creating a group of educators and community members to gauge climate, issues and concerns; and to identify how to leverage
community resources to make a broad range impact within our warrant (for example, 12% of our students are classified as special needs) and beyond
our warrant (for example, we want to partner with community agencies because we care about homelessness).
Q. How do you make time for SEL?
A. One way is for teachers to take what they are teaching (curricular offerings) and embed social and emotional skills and competencies within them. For
example, The Diary of Anne Frank can be taught not only from a language arts or historical point of view, it can also be taught with an eye on SEL. The
teacher can illustrate to students how Anne dealt with conflict in her life and processed that in order to encourage kids to be reflective on their own
ways of dealing with conflict or crisis.
Another approach is to use materials that were designed to be used to explicitly teach SEL. For example, Making Meaning is really helpful for teachers, as are responsive classroom strategies
such as Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies
There are also great opportunities for school wide activities such as morning meetings, advisory, pure conversations, PEACE circles and more.
Q. How do parents know about the efforts and respond?
At a PTA convening, we did a briefing on SEL. We got the biggest turnout with deep engagement. Parents were really curious. We did a parallel presentation
to our board that involved educators, teachers, social workers, and a psychologist describing what we’re doing and how we’re thinking about it.
As we think about the potential impact, there is powerful evidence supporting the impact of enhancing students’ SEL experiences. CASEL points to research by Durlak, Weissberg, et al that shows that SEL can have a positive impact on school climate and promote a host of academic, social, and emotional benefits for students including:
Better academic performance
Improved attitudes and behaviors
Fewer negative behaviors
Reduced emotional distress
With those types of results, it is no wonder the Evanston/Skokie community, and many others across the country are calling for an increased focus on SEL.
For more on an educator’s approach to social emotional learning, see
For more on parenting and social emotional learning, see:
The opinions expressed in Vander Ark on Innovation are strictly those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinions or endorsement of Editorial Projects in Education, or any of its publications.