Health News

April 03, 1991 2 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

Higher minimum drinking ages, increased educational efforts, and stricter laws have led to a decline in the number of alcohol-related automobile accidents among young people, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control reports.

According to the cdc, 1,030 young people between the ages of 15 and 17 died in alcohol-related crashes in 1989, down from both the 1,240 deaths the previous year and the 1,557 recorded for this age group in 1982.

Among the 15- to 17-year-old drivers involved in fatal crashes in 1989, 19 percent had been drinking, the cdc reports. In 1988, 22.4 percent of these drivers had been drinking, down from the 31.5 percent who had been drinking in 1982.

One factor that may have affected the lower rates of fatal alcohol-related accidents and impaired driving among young people since 1982 was the increase in the minimum drinking age to 21 in every state by 1988, the cdc said. Other reasons include additional anti-alcohol education programs and stiffer penalties for young, impaired drivers, the cdc reported.

In the broadest testing program of its kind in the country, all babies born in Georgia later this year will be tested for the presence of cocaine in their blood at birth.

Under a cooperative agreement between the North Georgia chapter of the March of Dimes, the cdc, and the state’s department of human resources, all newborns will be tested anonymously for about six months, said Paula Dritt, a spokesman for the March of Dimes.

It is thought that as many as 400,000 babies born yearly nationwide are perinatally exposed to cocaine. This exposure has been linked to a host of physical and developmental problems.

Ms. Dritt said all babies in the state are already required, by state law, to be tested for several medical conditions at birth. Part of this blood sample will then be tested anonymously for cocaine.

She said the test can determine if the mother has used the drug up to about four or five days before delivery, but cannot pinpoint long-term use.

Poor children under the age of 6 are more likely to have health problems than are their more financially secure peers, a Yale researcher concludes in a new monograph.

In the report, “Alive and Well?,” Lorraine V. Klerman recommends that Head Start and several federal nutrition programs be made entitlement programs, and calls for a universal health-care system.

Copies are available for $11.95 each from the National Center for Children in Poverty, Columbia University, 154 Haven Ave., New York, N.Y. 10032.--ef

A version of this article appeared in the April 03, 1991 edition of Education Week as Health News


English-Language Learners Webinar Helping English-Learners Through Improved Parent Outreach: Strategies That Work
Communicating with families is key to helping students thrive – and that’s become even more apparent during a pandemic that’s upended student well-being and forced constant logistical changes in schools. Educators should pay particular attention
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Mathematics Webinar
Addressing Unfinished Learning in Math: Providing Tutoring at Scale
Most states as well as the federal government have landed on tutoring as a key strategy to address unfinished learning from the pandemic. Take math, for example. Studies have found that students lost more ground
Content provided by Yup Math Tutoring
Classroom Technology Webinar Building Better Blended Learning in K-12 Schools
The pandemic and the increasing use of technology in K-12 education it prompted has added renewed energy to the blended learning movement as most students are now learning in school buildings (and will likely continue

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Education Nearly a Million Kids Vaccinated in Week 1, White House Says
Experts say there are signs that it will be difficult to sustain the initial momentum.
4 min read
Leo Hahn, 11, gets the first shot of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine, Tuesday, Nov. 9, 2021, at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle. Last week, U.S. health officials gave the final signoff to Pfizer's kid-size COVID-19 shot, a milestone that opened a major expansion of the nation's vaccination campaign to children as young as 5. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren)
Education How Schools Are Getting Kids the COVID Shot, and Why Some Aren’t
Some district leaders say offering vaccine clinics, with the involvement of trusted school staff, is key to helping overcome hesitancy.
5 min read
A girl walks outside of a mobile vaccine unit after getting the first dose of her COVID-19 vaccine, outside P.S. 277, Friday, Nov. 5, 2021, in the Bronx borough of New York. (AP Photo/Eduardo Munoz Alvarez)
Education Biden Administration Urges Schools to Provide COVID-19 Shots, Information for Kids
The Biden administration is encouraging local school districts to host vaccine clinics for kids and information on benefits of the shots.
2 min read
President Joe Biden, and first lady Jill Biden walk to board Marine One on the South Lawn of the White House in Washington, Saturday, Nov. 6, 2021. Biden is spending the weekend at his home in Rehoboth Beach, Del. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
Education Civil Rights Groups Sue Tennessee Over Law Against Transgender Student Athletes
The state law bars transgender athletes from playing public high school or middle school sports aligned with their gender identity.
3 min read
Amy Allen, the mother of an 8th grade transgender son, speaks after a Human Rights Campaign round table discussion on anti-transgender laws in Nashville, Tenn. on May 21, 2021.
Amy Allen, the mother of an 8th grade transgender son, speaks after a Human Rights Campaign round table discussion on anti-transgender laws in Nashville, Tenn. on May 21, 2021.
Mark Humphrey/AP