Technology Counts 2008 - STEM: The Push to Improve Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Sponsored Online:
Published Online: March 21, 2008
Published in Print: March 27, 2008, as Sources and Notes

Sources and Notes

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TECHNOLOGY LEADERS TABLE

Access to Technology

Percent of 4th grade students with access to computers: The percent of 4th grade students in public schools whose math teachers report that computers are available for use by their students. National Assessment of Educational Progress, National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, 2007.

Percent of 8th grade students with access to computers: Ibid.

Students per instructional computer: The average number of students who share each computer available for student instruction. Market Data Retrieval, “2005-06 Public School Technology Survey.”

Students per high-speed Internetconnected computer: The average number of students who share each high-speed Internet-connected computer available for student instruction. “High-speed Internetconnected computer” refers to any computer with high-speed access to the Internet, such as through T1 or T3 lines, cable modems, or DSL. Ibid.

Use of Technology

State standards for students include technology: State has distinct state academic standards for technology or embeds technology standards into standards for core subject areas. EPE Research Center annual state policy survey, 2007.

State tests students on technology: State tests students on their knowledge of, or ability to use, technology through a required, state-administered assessment. Ibid.

State has established a virtual school: State has established and/or financed a statewide virtual school, an education institution where instruction is delivered over the Internet. States allowing individual districts to provide their own online courses do not receive credit in this column. Ibid.

State offers computer-based assessments: State allows some or all students to use computers to take state assessments. Tests do not have to be administered over the Internet to receive credit. Ibid.

Capacity to Use Technology

State standards include technology for teachers: State either has distinct technology standards for teachers or embeds technology standards for teachers within standards for other academic subject areas. EPE Research Center annual state policy survey, 2007.

State standards include technology for administrators: State either has distinct technology standards for administrators or embeds technology standards for administrators within standards for other areas. Ibid.

Requirements for an initial license include technology coursework or a test for teachers: State requires prospective teachers to either take specific technology courses or demonstrate technology competence through a test in order to receive a license. Requirements that are part of states’ teacher-preparation programs do not receive credit. Ibid.

Requirements for an initial license include technology coursework or a test for administrators: State requires prospective administrators to either take specific technology courses or demonstrate technology competence through a test. Requirements that are part of states’ administrator-preparation programs do not receive credit. Ibid.

State requires technology training or testing for recertification, or requires participation in technology-related professional development for teachers: State requires teachers to receive training in the use of technology before they can be recertified, provides or requires districts to provide mandatory technology-related professional development, or requires teachers to demonstrate competence in the use of technology before they can be recertified. States that require districts to offer optional technologyrelated professional development do not receive credit. Ibid.

State requires technology training or testing for recertification, or requires participation in technology-related professional development for administrators: State requires administrators to receive training in the use of technology before they can be recertified, provides or requires districts to provide mandatory technology-related professional development, or requires administrators to demonstrate competence in the use of technology before they can be recertified. States that require districts to offer optional technology-related professional development do not receive credit. Ibid.

Vol. 27, Issue 30, Page 43

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