Research and Reports
Nearly all of the nation's school districts have policies restricting smoking, a new survey by the National School Boards Association indicates.
The survey found that 95 percent of districts currently limit smoking on school grounds, compared with 87 percent in 1986.
And almost half of the districts without a smoking policy plan to adopt one, reveals the survey of 2,000 school-board presidents, conducted in cooperation with the American Cancer Society, American Heart Association, and American Lung Association.
Nearly 20 percent of school districts ban any smoking in school buildings and campuses and at functions, the survey found.
The proportion of districts banning adult smoking in schools increased to 17 percent in 1989 from 2 percent in 1986, according to the survey.
Copies of "Smoke-Free Schools: A Progress Report" are available for $3 each from the nsba's Office of Federation Member Relations, State Legislation, and Public Policy, 1680 Duke St., Alexandria, Va. 22314.
High-school students who have babies are almost as likely to graduate as those who do not, according to Dawn M. Upchurch, a population researcher at the Johns Hopkins University.
But girls who have babies after dropping out of school are less likely to get their diplomas than young mothers who stay in school, Ms. Upchurch said at a meeting of the Population Association of America last month.
In a study of 6,000 women who were ages 14 to 21 in 1979, Ms. Upchurch found that 72 percent of students who had babies eventually earned a diploma, compared with 77 percent of those who did not become pregnant and 38 percent of those who gave birth after dropping out.
A guide to survey data relating to minority-student issues has been prepared by the National Center for Education Statistics.
The report shows which nces surveys contain racial and ethnic information on six topics: preparation, access and choice, transitions, persistence, school climate, and student-availability projections.
Copies of "Minority Student Issues: Racial/Ethnic Data Collected by the National Center for Education Statistics Since 1969" (CS 89-267) can be obtained without charge from the Educational Information Branch, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Room 300, 555 New Jersey Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20208.