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Education

Table: New York Adequacy Studies

January 04, 2005 1 min read
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“Estimating the Cost of an Adequate Education in New York”
February 2002
“Resource Adequacy Study for the New York State Commission on Education Reform”
March 2004
“The New York Adequacy Study: Determining the Cost of Providing All Children in New York an Adequate Education”
March 2004
Method and author: Cost-function analysis by William Duncombe, Syracuse University Successful-schools model (district-level analysis) by Standard & Poor’s Professional-judgment method by American Institutes for Research and Management Analysis and Planning Inc.
Outcome standard: The standard used in this study was a weighted average of performance in math and English from 4th and 8th grade tests, and Regents exams. The study used three benchmarks: 140, 150, and 160 (out of 200). The authors of the study did not attempt to define an adequate education, and instead estimated the costs associated with meeting four different academic scenarios. This study used the Regents Learning Standards as its outcome criteria. Panels were asked to design programs to provide all students with a full opportunity to meet the standards, not to ensure all students actually earned a Regents Diploma.
Additional costs included for: Regional cost-of-living differences, cost effectiveness, English-language learners, students in poverty, and district size Regional cost-of-living differences, special education students, English-language learners, students in poverty, and cost effectiveness Regional cost-of-living differences, English-language learners, students in poverty, and special education students
Cost estimates: The total per-pupil estimate for a district below the performance standard was $14,083 for a performance level of 140, $14,716 for a performance level of 150, and $15,139 for a performance level of 160. Cost estimates were calculated for multiple academic scenarios, with or without a cost-effectiveness adjustment, using two different cost indices, and separating out New York City schools. The estimates ranged from $12,659 to $15,413 per pupil. The study determined cost estimates for several different types of districts. The basic cost estimate was $12,975 for the state overall. For different types of districts, estimates ranged from a low of $11,665 to a high of $14,282.

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