Published Online: March 8, 2010
Published in Print: March 17, 2010, as Final 'i3' Rules Keep Private Match, Evidence Hurdles
Updated: March 24, 2012

Final Rules Unveiled for 'i3' Innovation Fund

The U.S. Department of Education stuck to its guns in releasing final rules for the $650 million Investing in Innovation, or i3, grant program, standing firm in the face of criticism that its proposed guidelines demanded too much from applicants in the way of private-sector match and evidence to back up their proposals.

In the final rules and application for the program, released March 8, department officials left intact a demand that applicants secure 20 percent in matching funds from the private sector.

But in a nod to concerns that such a requirement could be burdensome, particularly to smaller districts and in a difficult economy, the department relaxed the timing so that prospective grant recipients don’t need to secure the private funding until they’ve been notified that they are in line to win.

In essence, a foundation or other organization will know that its matching donation is a sure-fire bet.

“Once you’re eligible to be a winner, we hope we’ve made it much easier to find those dollars,” said James H. Shelton, the department’s assistant deputy secretary for innovation and improvement.

In addition, the department is still allowing applicants to seek a waiver of the matching-funds requirement at the time they apply.

Final Guidelines

The U.S. Department of Education released final regulations governing the Investing in Innovation, or i3, grant program. Among the highlights:

ELIGIBILITY

School districts and nonprofits (only if they’re partnered with a district or a consortium of public schools) are eligible to apply.

PURPOSE

The goal is to scale up innovative ideas that can improve achievement among at-risk students.

AWARDS

“Development” grants of up to $5 million must be linked to programs that have “reasonable research-based findings or theories.”
“Validation” grants of up to $30 million will go to programs supported by “moderate” evidence.
“Scale up” grants of up to $50 million will go for programs that have “strong” evidence of success and can be scaled up to the national, regional, or state level.

TIMING

The deadline for applying is May 11. All funds must be awarded by Sept. 30, 2010.

GRANT REQUIREMENTS

Applicants, unless granted a waiver, must secure a 20 percent private-sector match before they can win a grant.

BONUS POINTS

Applicants will get a competitive advantage for focusing on early education, college access, rural schools, and students with disabilities and those who are limited-English-proficient.

The matching requirement had been one of the most criticized elements of the i3 program’s draft guidelines, which were unveiled in October. Few other changes were made to the proposed guidelines for the grant program, which is meant to foster and expand innovative education strategies at the district level.

The competition, funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, is open to school districts and nonprofit partners working with a district or consortium of schools. It will provide awards of up to $55 million each. Applications are due in mid-May, with awards made in September.

In Syracuse, N.Y., city schools’ Superintendent Dan Lowengard plans to apply for a $30 million validation grant to expand his 20,900-student district’s Say Yes to Education program, which is part of a New York-based nonprofit that works in five cities to expand college access for low-income students.

In Syracuse, the program provides support services in a few schools, starting as early as the elementary grades, to get students on a college-bound track, and eventually provide qualifying students with college scholarships.

Mr. Lowengard essentially has a ready-made proposal—the matching dollars will come from the Say Yes nonprofit, which will also provide the evidence to help back up the program.

“We have the model, and we’re trying to implement it, but it’s going slowly,” he said. “What the $30 million would do is ensure it’s a district-wide program, and not just in a few of our schools.”

The i3 program is the second of two high-profile competitive-grant programs funded by the economic-stimulus law, and is illustrative of the Obama administration’s desire to push education improvement through competition for federal dollars. The other program, the $4 billion Race to the Top competition, is open only to states.

Despite its smaller prize, the i3 program has drawn intense interest because it’s open to districts and nonprofits, and is much more open-ended in the kinds of proposals being sought.

The heart of the i3 program also remains intact: The $650 million will be divided into three tiers of awards, with the most lucrative going to those proposals that have the most evidence of past success in helping students.

Despite complaints during the public-comment period that the Education Department wouldn’t be requiring enough evidence from applicants—or would be demanding too much—officials made no changes to how much research is needed to back up applicants’ proposals.

Grant Levels Vary

The largest, or “scale up,” grants—worth up to $50 million each—will require “strong” evidence, such as program evaluations that used random assignment of students.

The second-tier, “validation” grants of up to $30 million each will go to proposals that show “moderate” evidence, such as those that use sophisticated statistical techniques to try to measure the true effects of a program.

The final-tier, “development” grants are wild cards to a degree; they are $5 million awards to proposals that are each based on a “reasonable” hypothesis or theory.

“The overall design of the competition tries to account for the importance of evidence at each stage of innovation,” Mr. Shelton said.

The rigid rules on evidence are likely to relegate rural school districts, in particular, to competing in the small-dollar “development” category, said Doris Terry Williams, the executive director of the Arlington, Va.-based Rural School and Community Trust, which is working with rural districts and schools to develop consortia that would apply for these grants.

“The really stressful thing is there really are innovations around rural school, but they have not been subjected to that gold standard for research and innovation, so they don’t get listed as models or strategies,” she said.

For each tier, the level of evidence required is an all-or-nothing eligibility requirement that will be judged by department officials; an applicant that doesn’t have the research to back up a proposal for that particular tier should not bother applying.

Eye on Evidence

While the level of evidence did not change from the original proposal, the final rules do spell out how much emphasis the department is placing on evidence—and what criteria will matter most for each level of grant.

Each tier will be scored on a 100-point scale, based on seven criteria: need for and quality of the project; evidence; applicant’s track record of success; quality of proposed evaluation of a winning project; ability to scale up; sustainability; and quality of management plan and personnel.

In the largest, scale-up grants, evidence is what matters most: It’s worth 20 percent of an applicant’s grade. For the smallest, development grants, evidence is worth just 10 percent. But those smallest grants place a significant amount of weight on the need for the project, and the applicant’s track record—each is worth 25 percent of the final grade.

“For innovation, it’s not just about coming up with cool inventions; it’s about finding things that can go to scale,” Mr. Shelton said.

The department also kept competitive priorities that will reward applicants with bonus points if their proposals focus on early education, college access, students with disabilities and limited English proficiency, and rural schools. Each of those categories would earn an applicant one bonus point, except for the rural schools category, which garners two bonus points on the 100-point scale.

The department is bracing for more than 1,000 applications to be judged by peer reviewers hand-picked for their experience, and who will be vetted to minimize or eliminate conflicts of interest.

Vol. 29, Issue 25, Pages 16,21

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