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What's In and What's Out in '93

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The following compilation was motivated by the succinct summary of all that's wrong with American education--and what needs to be done to fix it--given by Patricia A. Graham at a panel discussion on world-class schools held at year's end last year in Charlotte, N.C. The former dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Education, now the president of the Spencer Foundation, said this: "For the last 150 years, we've held the pedagogy constant and let the results vary; in the future we've got to vary the pedagogy and have high standards of accomplishment for all.''

OUT

Inputs
Innate Ability
Rote Learning
Autocratic
Seat Time
Student as Learner
Teacher as Lecturer
Longevity
Administrator as Master
Centralized Bureaucracy
Technology: Bells and Whistles
School Board: Micromanagement
Time: Periods, Semesters, Years
Schools: Teacher Proof
Diploma = Seat Time
Age
Superintendent = Dictator
Taxpayer
Standardization
True and False Tests
Blue Collar
Uniform Salary Schedule
Education: School's Business
School = Building

IN

Outputs
Effort
Mastery
Autonomous
Accomplishment
Student as Worker
Teacher as Manager of Instruction
Competence
Administrator as Servant
Decentralized Management
Technology: Productivity Enhancer
'School Trustees: Stewardship
Time: Flexible
Schools: Teacher Friendly
Diploma = Mastery
Accomplishment
Superintendent = Choreographer
Shareholder
Standards
Authentic Assessment
Professionals
Pay for Scarcity; Pay for Performance
Education: Everyone's Business
School = Learning

Denis P. Doyle is a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute. Susan Pimentel is an independent educational consultant in Toronto.

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