National News Update
The Carnegie Corporation of New York has formed a task force to explore ways of ensuring that young children receive the nurturing and support they need.
The 27-member task force announced this month is being chaired by former Gov. Richard W. Riley of South Carolina and includes key professionals in education, health, business, psychology, child care, child development, and social policy as well as scholars, physicians, and researchers.
The panel will develop a report over the next two years to provide a "scientific framework and action agenda'' for meeting young children's needs, focusing on the period from "preconception'' to age 3.
The panel, which will build on other recent studies of young children, hopes to "illuminate a developmental sequence of experiences fostering healthy child development and ways to accomplish this sequence under contemporary American conditions,'' said David A. Hamburg, the president of the Carnegie Corporation.
The panel's executive director is Linda A. Randolph, a clinical professor of community medicine at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine on assignment to the corporation.
Among the panel members are Owen Brad Butler, the chairman of the Committee on Economic Development; Edward F. Zigler, the director of the Bush Center in Child Development and Social Policy at Yale University; Dr. Jonas Salk of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, Calif.; Ramon C. Cortines, the co not former yetsuperintendent of the San Francisco Unified School District; and Judith E. Jones, the director of the National Center for Children in Poverty.
Colleges spend more money on men's athletic programs than on women's sports, according to a survey conducted by the National Collegiate Athletic Association.
The study was released this month, two decades after passage of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, the federal law that mandates educational equality for males and females.
The N.C.A.A. attributed the disparity in expenditures primarily to the far greater proportion of male athletes. Twice as many men participate in intercollegiate sports, largely because of the existence of football and the lack of a comparable sport for women.
The survey, based on responses from 646 schools for the 1990-91 school year, did find, however, that, "on average, the colleges have substantially met the Title IX standard with respect to the proportion of scholarship assistance going to women,'' said Richard D. Schultz, the N.C.A.A.'s executive director.
Mr. Schultz said the î.ã.á.á. will form a
task force to develop recommendations for achieving gender