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Legislative Update

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The following are summaries of governors' budget requests for precollegiate education and highlights of proposals that rank high on the states' education agendas. Final legislative action on state budgets will be reported in the months ahead.

ALASKA

Governor:
Walter J. Hickel (I)
FY 1993 proposed state budget:
$2.4 billion
FY 1993 proposed K-12 budget:
$825 million
FY 1992 K-12 budget:
$803 million
Percent change K-12 budget:
+ 2.7 percent

Highlights

  • Governor's budget proposes $2.3 million for pilot projects to boost student achievement.
  • Governor opposes legislation, already passed by the House, to increase foundation formula for state aid to schools.
  • Says ongoing "Alaska 2000" reform process--which involves teams looking at outcomes, accountability, finance, and facilities--will culminate in education summit this fall.

KENTUCKY

Governor:
Brereten C. Jones (D)
FY 1993 proposed state budget:
$4.6 billion
FY 1993 proposed K-12 budget:
$2.05 billion
FY 1992 K-l2 budget:
$2.07 billion
Percent change K-l2 budget:
-0.8 percent

Highlights

  • Despite a slight budget decrease, the Governor's proposal would fully fund the new finance-equity program that guarantees funding increases to poor school districts with high tax effort.
  • The budget would cut advance funding for a school-reward program included in state's education-reform law and would cut a technology program from this years $48 million to $5 million. Other reform programs, including family-resource centers and staff development, would receive increases of $lO million and $6.5 million, respectively--more than doubling funds for both programs. . Under the Governor's biennial budget proposal, K-12 funding for fiscal 1994 would rise 5 percent, to $2.15 billion. The overall state budget, which would rise 2.3 percent in fiscal 1993, would rise another 6.2 percent in fiscal 1994 to $4.9 billion.
  • The proposal cuts funding for the state education department by 6 percent in fiscal 1993, to $23.1 million.

MARYLAND

Governor:
William Donald Schaefer (D)
FY 1993 proposed state budget:
$12.57 billion
FY 1993 proposed K-12 budget:
$2.08 billion
FY 1992 K-12 budget:
$1.87 billion
Percent change K-12 budget:
+ 11.2 percent

Highlights

  • Proposed budget assumes that legislature will approve $526 million in new revenue sources to help eliminate projected $1.2-billion operating deficit. if lawmakers do not approve new taxes and user fees, so-called "doomsday" budget would eliminate about $52 million in non-mandated education spending.
  • Fiscal issues are expected to dominate session; state spending has been cut five times since fiscal 1991.

NEW MEXICO

Bruce King (D)
FY 1993 proposed state budget:
$2.11 billion
FY 1993 proposed K- 12 budget:
$1.02 billion
FY 1992 K-12 budget:
$990 million
Percent change K-12 budget:
+ 3.0 percent

Highlights

  • Governor proposing $30-million increase for K-12 education to keep same level of services, but says no money available for new initiatives or for public-employee raises.
  • Cabinet-level department of children, youth, and families proposed to consolidate services scattered among other state agencies.

SOUTH CAROLINA

Governor
Carroll A. Campbell Jr. (R)
FY 1993 proposed state budget:
$4 billion
FY 1993 proposed K-12 budget:
$1.53 billion
FY 1992 K-12 budget:
$1.48 billion
Percent change K-12 budget:
+ 3.3 percent

Highlights

  • State law requires that proposed annual budget be developed by a panel that includes the governor, state treasurer, comptroller general, and two legislators.
  • Budget takes some money from l percent sales tax targeted for education improvement efforts to pay for school buses. Average teacher salaries slated to rise by 4 percent.
  • Education issues expected to be considered by legislature include silent prayer, appointment by the governor, rather than election, of the state superintendent, and corporal punishment.

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