The following are summaries of governors' budget requests for precollegiate education and highlights of proposals that rank high on the states' education agendas. Final legislative action on state budgets will be reported in the months ahead.
Governor: Steve Cowper (D)
FY 1991 proposed state budget: $2.4 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $668.4 million
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $629.3 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +6.2 percent
Governor backing bill to create separate endowment for education from state's oil-revenue Permanent Fund.
Budget includes funding to expand Head Start, improve teacher training, and bolster science and language programs.
Governor: Rose Mofford (D)
FY 1991 proposed state budget: $3.48 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $1.25 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $1.18 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +5.9 percent
To offset projected $340-million deficit, Governor has proposed $170 million in new taxes and a 4.8 percent across-the-board cut in 1991 budgets drafted for state agencies.
Concurrently with regular session, legislature holding special session to resolve long-term fiscal problems.
Governor: Roy Romer (D)
FY 1991 proposed state budget: $2.65 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $1.12 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget:ÿ20$1.04 billion
Percent change K-12 budget:ÿ20+7.7 percent
Governor seeking alternative certification for teachers, plus revision of tenure laws to allow removal of teachers who show unsatisfactory performance.
Proposes expansion of school year from 180 to 200 days by 1995; $1.5 million for incentives to schools that show progress in performance goals; and state math and science academy.
Supports state education commission's plan to provide funding for limiting class size in grades K-3 to 24 students.
Governor: Joe Frank Harris (D)
FY 1991 proposed state budget: $7.8 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $2.81 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $2.6 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +8 percent
As required by Quality Basic Education Act, budget includes funds for a 3 percent raise for teachers.
Imposes "austerity-level funding" on many state agencies because of slowdown in state economy.
Includes funds for several new drug-education and drug-abuse-prevention programs.
Governor: Terry E. Branstad (R)
FY 1991 proposed state budget: $3.2 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $1.2 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $1.1 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +9.1 percent
Budget includes $93.4-million increase in state aid to schools, including an additional $8.8 million in property-tax replacement; also contains $7.5-million increase for programs for at-risk students.
Revised school-aid formula recalculates districts' per-pupil costs, with the goal of eliminating practice of artificially inflating enrollment figures to cushion against enrollment declines.
Legislature expected to continue to seek solution to long-running home-schooling controversy.
Governor: William Donald Schaefer (D)
FY 1991 proposed state budget: $11.5 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $1.79 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $1.68 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +6.5 percent
Governor requesting $250,000 to implement proposals by school-reform commission, which include a comprehensive plan to make all schools accountable for the performance of their students.
Declared 1990 the "Year of the Infant" and proposed new programs for early-childhood education and prenatal care.
Budget includes $800,000 increase for math and science initiatives.
Governor: Ray Mabus (D)
FY 1991 proposed state budget: $2.06 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $957.9 million
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $881.2 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +8.7 percent
Governor last year proposed an ex8tensive education-reform package focusing on accountability, early-childhood education, computer acquisition, dropout prevention, and adult literacy.
One-third of three-year, $500-million reform package's funding to come from proposed state lottery; Senate has already rejected lottery constitutional amendment this session, but it is expected to come up again.
Governor: Kay A. Orr (R)
FY 1990-1991 state budget: $1.18 billion
FY 1990-1991 K-12 budget: $241 million
No changes sought in biennial budget approved last year.
Governor backing implementation of second phase of nebsat, an education telecommunications delivery system, to provide hardware for additional postsecondary and job-training programs.
Legislature to be asked to provide about $100 million in property-tax relief.
Governor: Mario M. Cuomo (D)
FY 1991 proposed state budget: $31 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $8.74 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $8.5 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +2.8 percent
Budget delays scheduled tax cut, saving $400 million; includes new taxes and fees on cigarettes, telephone calls, and license plates, with total projected revenues of more than $800 million.
Governor seeking changes in state school-aid formula; also wants to provide health care for uninsured children under 18.
Proposed tax increases face likely opposition from Senate Republicans, while House Democrats may fight human-services cuts.
Governor: George Sinner (D)
FY 1990-1991 state budget: $1 billion
FY 1990-1991 K-12 budget: $412 million
Proposed change K-12 budget: -$34 million
Percent change K-12 budget: -8.3 percent
Defeat of tax-increase proposals in Dec. 5 special election forcing cut of $93.4 million from the general fund.
Annual per-pupil payments reduced by $114 each; transportation aid reduced from 68 cents per mile to 61.4 cents per mile.
Administrative cuts include suspension of the state's education newspaper and a reduction of 2.5 positions from the 27 state-funded positions in the education department.
Governor: Richard F. Celeste (D)
FY 1990-91 state budget: $26 billion
FY 1990-91 K-12 budget: $6.7 billion
No changes sought in biennial budget adopted last year; education agenda expected to focus on implementation of major reform bill passed last year.
Governor urging more state high schools to offer "international baccalaureate" program.
Legislature will study new school-financing formulas, but passage of a new method unlikely in this session.
Governor: L. Douglas Wilder (D)
FY 1991-92 proposed state budget: $25.8 billion
FY 1991-92 proposed K-12 budget: $4.7 billion
FY 1989-90 K-12 budget: $4.2 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +11.9 percent
Due to declining revenue projections, Governor calling for no new programs.
Teachers to receive 6.3 percent salary increases in first year of biennium; no salary increases budgeted in second year.
Legislature expected to vote on submitting to voters constitutional amendment allowing third-party arbitration for public-school teachers.
Debate anticipated on notification of school authorities of enrollment of students infected with HIV