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Legislative Update

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The following are summaries of spending and program proposals for precollegiate education and final action by legislatures on education-related matters.


Proposals

LOUISIANA

Governor: Buddy Roemer (D)

FY 1990 proposed state budget: $7.1 billion
FY 1990 proposed K-12 budget: $1.4 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $1.3 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +8 percent

Highlights:

Basic school-aid budget prepared by state board, constitutionally protected against reductions. If board, legislature disagree on figure, spending will remain at FY 1989 level.

Voters' rejection of Governor's tax-reform plan created estimated $700-million revenue shortfall. Cuts for higher education, state hospitals under consideration. Governor may request delay in scheduled pay raises for teachers. State's ability to eliminate pension program's unfunded liability, as required by constitution, also in doubt. More than 30 lottery bills introduced to com4pensate for shortfall.

Teachers' union pressing for adoption of collective-bargaining law.

Final Action

ALASKA

Governor: Steve Cowper (D)

FY 1990 state budget: $2.2 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $728.8 million
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $706 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +3 percent

Highlights:

House approved governor's proposed constitutional amendment to set aside for education up to 40 percent of future earnings from state's oil-revenue endowment. Senate will consider measure next year in second half of two-year session.

Senate passed measure to give teachers right to strike; House to consider bill next year.

INDIANA

Governor: B. Evan Bayh (D)

FY 1990-91 state budget: $11.3 billion
FY 1990-91 K-12 budget: $4.8 billion
FY 1988-89 K-12 budget: $4.2 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +14 percent

Highlights:

Raised basic tuition support to districts by $474 million above current level.

Approved $20 million for programs for at-risk students in 1990 and $22 million in 1991, $2 million of which must be used for preschool education.

Approved $20.2 million for Governor's proposal to promote innovation in such areas as curriculum, professional development, parental involvement; state school chief's proposal to reward schools that meet state standards.

Authorized $30,000 for two-year study on creation of autonomous teacher-certification and licensing board.

Directed education department to study readiness testing for grades K-2.

Increased funding for summer enrichment programs by $3 million; for summer remedial programs by $17 million.

Modified statewide standardized-testing program to allow more students to qualify for summer remediation, provide for more teacher involvement in remediation and reel20ltention decisions.

Rejected move to add additional days to the 180-day school calendar for parent-teacher conferences, other purposes.

Rejected move to bar districtwide averaging in calculation of class sizes for Project Primetime, an effort to reduce class size in early grades.

IOWA

Governor: Terry E. Branstad (R)

FY 1990 state budget: $2.82 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $1.04 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $975.3 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +7 percent

Highlights:

Approved statewide open-enrollment law, effective 1990-91 school year. Districts losing more than 5 percent of enrollment in first year can prevent more students from leaving.

Revised school-finance formula, effective 1991-92 school year. Raises state aid by $35 million; ends practice of allowing districts to claim "phantom students" to cushion themselves from shrinking enrollments; permits district to levy special property tax without voter approval to increase instructional budgets by 10 percent. Taxpayers can petition to have spe4cial levies eliminated.

Failed to reach agreement on home education, uncertified teachers in church-affiliated schools.

Increased funding for programs for at-risk children by $11 million; for transportation by $3.5 million.

Banned spanking and other forms of corporal punishment in schools.

KANSAS

Governor: Mike Sullivan (R)

FY 1990 state budget: $2.43 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $861.9 million
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $789.5 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +9 percent

Highlights:

Adopted new school-finance formula; will hold districts "harmless" from reductions that otherwise would have occurred due to statewide property-reappraisal program.

Rejected proposals to: divide proceeds from half-penny sales-tax increase between education and highways; broaden free-speech rights of high-school journalists.

Approved $2.25 million in matching grants to districts for innovative programs and to help at-risk students; tax incentives for businesses to provide child care.

House approved governor's proposed constitutional amendment to set aside for education up to 40 percent of future earnings from state's oil-revenue endowment. Senate will consider measure next year in second half of two-year session.

Senate passed measure to give teachers right to strike; House to consider bill next year.

INDIANA

Governor: B. Evan Bayh (D)

FY 1990-91 state budget: $11.3 billion

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