Equity & Diversity

Ariz. District Drops Ethnic Studies Classes

By Lesli A. Maxwell — January 17, 2012 3 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

With millions in state funding on the line, the school board in Tucson, Ariz., voted last week to shutter a popular Mexican-American studies program. But the move is now raising questions about whether the district will be out of compliance with a federal court order to bring racial balance to its schools.

By a vote of 4-1, the board agreed to suspend the district’s controversial ethnic-studies program.

Members said canceling the Mexican-American studies courses was necessary to prevent the 60,000-student Tucson Unified School District from losing nearly $15 million in state funding that John Huppenthal, the state schools chief, threatened to withhold. Mr. Huppenthal said the courses violate a new state law that prohibits public schools from offering courses that are designed for a particular ethnic group, advocate ethnic solidarity, or promote resentment toward a race or group of people. (“Tucson Students Aren’t Deterred by Ethnic-Studies Controversy,” Sept. 22, 2010.)

Leaders of the Tucson district denied that the classes promoted resentment, and they appealed Mr. Huppenthal’s decision. A ruling from an administrative-law judge late last month backed the state chief’s position.

After the school board’s vote, district officials began immediately to convert the Mexican-American studies courses to “traditional” American history, American government, and American literature classes, said Cara Rene, a district spokeswoman.

“We are working to ensure there is as little disruption as possible for students,” Ms. Rene wrote in an email. “Students will not lose any credits that may risk promotion or graduation.”

Ms. Rene said teachers who taught the Mexican-American studies courses would now teach the more traditional courses and adapt the traditional curriculum to their classes. The district did not dissolve the Mexican-American studies department, which will continue to offer services to support academic achievement for Latino students, Ms. Rene said.

Next Iteration

The school system—in consultation with the Arizona education department—will create new courses for the 2012-13 school year that “will provide studies in diverse perspectives,” Ms. Rene said.

But the controversy over the program is far from settled.

Tucson school officials now face legal questions about whether the decision to cancel the Mexican-American studies program jeopardizes its own plan—approved by the school board in 2009—to comply with a more than 3-decade-old federal desegregation order. A key part of the district’s plan called for an expansion of its ethnic-studies programs, which a federal judge approved. Days before the board voted to end the program, the federal judge overseeing the district’s desegregation case assigned a special master to help district leaders develop a new plan to bring racial balance to the schools.

One other legal challenge also remains unresolved. Eleven Tucson teachers and two students sued in federal court contending that the state law violates their First Amendment rights. U.S. Circuit Court Judge A. Wallace Tashima last week allowed the lawsuit to proceed, but ruled that only the students had standing to sue.

While the battle over the program has been pitched in Arizona, one national civil rights activist said he doesn’t expect the decision in Tucson to reverberate beyond the state, where the politics around immigration are particularly polarizing.

“When these arguments flare up in the K-12 world, it’s usually around how to present facts in a textbook or in curriculum,” said Roger L. Rice, a civil rights lawyer who is the executive director of Multicultural Education, Training, and Advocacy, or META, in Somerville, Mass.

McClatchy-Tribune Information Services contributed to this article.
A version of this article appeared in the January 18, 2012 edition of Education Week as After Long Battle, Ariz. District Drops Ethnic-Studies Courses


This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Student Well-Being Webinar
When SEL Curriculum Is Not Enough: Integrating Social-Emotional Behavior Supports in MTSS
Help ensure the success of your SEL program with guidance for building capacity to support implementation at every tier of your MTSS.
Content provided by Illuminate Education
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Teaching Profession Webinar
Professional Wellness Strategies to Enhance Student Learning and Live Your Best Life
Reduce educator burnout with research-affirmed daily routines and strategies that enhance achievement of educators and students alike. 
Content provided by Solution Tree
English-Language Learners Webinar The Science of Reading and Multilingual Learners: What Educators Need to Know
Join experts in reading science and multilingual literacy to discuss what the latest research means for multilingual learners in classrooms adopting a science of reading-based approach.

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Equity & Diversity Wisconsin District Bans Pride Flags From Classrooms, Pronouns in Emails
The superintendent said the decision, which is facing pushback, was reaffirming a policy that was already in place.
2 min read
Flags are displayed as the Newberg Education Association gathers with community members ahead of the Newberg School Board vote on whether to ban Black Lives Matter and Pride flags at the school, Tuesday, Sept. 28, 2021, in Newberg, Ore.
Flags are displayed at a community gathering in Newberg, Ore.<br/>
Beth Nakamura/The Oregonian via AP
Equity & Diversity Two Okla. Districts Get Downgraded Accreditations for Violating State's Anti-CRT Law
The Tulsa and Mustang public school systems are the first to feel the sting of a state law that restricts discussion of race and racism in schools.
8 min read
Superintendent Deborah Gist speaks during a Tulsa Public Schools board meeting in Tulsa, Okla. on March 5, 2018.
Superintendent Deborah Gist speaks during a Tulsa Public Schools board meeting in Tulsa, Okla., in March 2018.<br/>
Joey Johnson/Tulsa World via AP
Equity & Diversity Florida to Schools: Don't Follow Federal LGBTQ Protections
Florida advised school districts to ignore protections for LGBTQ students the Biden administration is trying to implement.
1 min read
Participants with the Alliance for GLBTQ Youth march at the annual Miami Beach Gay Pride Parade in Miami Beach, Fla.
Participants with the Alliance for GLBTQ Youth march at the annual Miami Beach Gay Pride Parade in Miami Beach, Fla.
Lynne Sladky/AP
Equity & Diversity The Case of the Missing Data on AP Students
The College Board raised eyebrows by removing public racial and ethnic data on AP students. It will restore the data this fall.
5 min read
Image of data and demographics.