Education

Tackling Depression Among Low-Income Mothers Can Help Children

By Julie Rasicot — December 14, 2012 3 min read
  • Save to favorites
  • Print

About 9 percent of low-income mothers with young kids suffered from severe depression during the past year and more than one-third of them did not receive treatment for a variety of reasons.

That statistic is sobering when we consider that living with such a condition can pose risks for the mother and to the safety, learning, and development of her children. It also raises the likelihood that the kids will be abused or neglected by a mother who’s unable to cope.

The good news is that the condition is highly treatable. Studies show that many of the afflicted women are connected to social services, which could provide a conduit to treatment. And since low-income women are significantly less likely to receive treatment if they don’t have insurance, increased access to Medicaid starting in 2014 under the Affordable Care Act could create more opportunities for treatment.

So there’s a “promising opportunity” to make a difference in the lives of these women through changes to public policy and social services. That was the take-home message from a panel discussion about maternal depression as a public health issue held Thursday at the Urban Institute in Washington, D.C. Panelists represented the Urban Institute, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and Georgetown University’s Center for Child and Human Development.

“Treatment for the mother is often prevention for the child,” noted Larke Huang, a senior adviser for the Health and Human Service’s Department’s Office of Policy Planning and Innovation, and the director of its Office of Behavioral Health Equity, Substance Abuse, and Mental Health Services Administration.

According to studies by the Urban Institute, 8.8 percent of low-income mothers of infants to kids age 5 have suffered a major depressive episode severe enough to interfere with daily function and lasting two weeks or more in the past year. “That’s 750,000 women,” noted Marla McDaniel, senior research associate for the Institute’s Center on Labor, Human Services, and Population.

So the question is how to make sure these women can get access to treatment to suit their needs, according to the panelists. Coordinating screening through such federal programs as Women, Infants and Children, which provides funding for food and nutrition services and touches 50 percent of all children born in the U.S., is one way to tackle the problem, panelists said.

But Huang noted that efforts to coordinate services across federal agencies can be stymied because each agency has its own mandate and “we can’t always use resources the way we want to.”

And then there’s the lack of insurance and access to services, which pose obstacles for helping low-income women. The persistent stigma and myths attached to metal health issues are also “huge barriers,” according to Deborah Perry, an associate professor at Georgetown’s Center for Child and Human Development.

Some of those myths include a fear among some low-income women about being deported if they seek help or that social services will take their children away, Perry said.

“The myths and stigma are getting in the way of the work that we need to do,” she said.

Still, panelists see a way forward with current efforts to coordinate federal policies and practices, provide women with support networks within their own communities, and integrate screening for behavioral health into primary care.

More work also needs to be done on finding ways to prevent the development of depression and making sure that those women who are diagnosed receive the best type of treatment—whether that’s therapy, medication, or a combination of the two, panelists said.

A version of this news article first appeared in the Early Years blog.

Events

This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Teaching Webinar
6 Key Trends in Teaching and Learning
As we enter the third school year affected by the pandemic—and a return to the classroom for many—we come better prepared, but questions remain. How will the last year impact teaching and learning this school
Content provided by Instructure
Teaching Profession Live Online Discussion What Have We Learned From Teachers During the Pandemic?
University of California, Santa Cruz, researcher Lora Bartlett and her colleagues spent months studying how the pandemic affected classroom teachers. We will discuss the takeaways from her research not only for teachers, but also for
This content is provided by our sponsor. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff.
Sponsor
Student Well-Being Webinar
Trauma-Informed Practices & the Construction of the Deep Reading Brain
Join Ryan Lee-James, Ph.D. CCC-SLP, director of the Rollins Center for Language and Literacy, with Renée Boynton-Jarrett, MD, ScD., Vital Village Community Engagement Network; Neena McConnico, Ph.D, LMHC, Child Witness to Violence Project; and Sondra
Content provided by Rollins Center & Campaign for Grade-Level Reading

EdWeek Top School Jobs

Teacher Jobs
Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide — elementary, middle, high school and more.
View Jobs
Principal Jobs
Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles.
View Jobs
Administrator Jobs
Over a thousand district-level jobs: superintendents, directors, more.
View Jobs
Support Staff Jobs
Search thousands of jobs, from paraprofessionals to counselors and more.
View Jobs

Read Next

Education U.S. Has Enough COVID-19 Vaccines for Both Kids' Shots and Boosters
Among the challenges states face is not ordering too many doses and letting them go to waste.
4 min read
A healthcare worker receives a second Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine shot at Beaumont Health in Southfield, Mich., Tuesday, Jan. 5, 2021.
A healthcare worker receives a second Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine shot at Beaumont Health in Southfield, Mich., Tuesday, Jan. 5, 2021.
Paul Sancya/AP Photo
Education Hundreds of Conn. Bus Drivers Threaten to Walk Off the Job Over Vaccine Mandate
More than 200 school bus drivers could walk off the job in response to a vaccination mandate that goes into effect Monday.
1 min read
Rows of school buses are parked at their terminal, in Zelienople, Pa. Reopening schools during the coronavirus pandemic means putting children on school buses, and districts are working on plans to limit the risk.
Rows of school buses are parked at their terminal, in Zelienople, Pa. Reopening schools during the coronavirus pandemic means putting children on school buses, and districts are working on plans to limit the risk. <br/>
Keith Srakocic/AP Photo
Education Briefly Stated: September 22, 2021
Here's a look at some recent Education Week articles you may have missed.
9 min read
Education Schools Get the Brunt of Latest COVID Wave in South Carolina
In the past few weeks, South Carolina has set records for COVID-19 hospitalizations and new cases have approached peak levels of last winter.
4 min read
Two Camden Elementary School students in masks listen as South Carolina Gov. Henry McMaster talks about steps the school is taking to fight COVID-19, Wednesday, Sept. 15, 2021, in Camden, S.C. McMaster has adamantly and repeatedly come out against requiring masks in schools even as the average number of daily COVID-19 cases in the state has risen since early June. (AP Photo/Jeffrey Collins)