Arts education is a discipline in transition. How the arts should be taught in schools—and the scientific evidence of their impact—remains divisive. While some advocate for arts integration, others caution that maintaining a separate space for arts education is key to its survival. In this collection, Education Week has convened a range of researchers, professors, and practitioners to argue their case for arts education’s path forward. Despite their many contrasting opinions, these experts all agree on one thing: Arts instruction is key to American schooling and is worth supporting, researching, and protecting.