Myths About Dyslexia

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Myth: Children who write letters backward or reverse them may be dyslexic.

Fact: Backward writing is common among children learning to write, whether or not they are dyslexic. Dyslexic children may be able to see and copy letters quite well.

Myth: Dyslexia is a visual problem.

Fact: The bulk of research now suggests that reading disabilities stem from difficulties with language rather than vision. Researchers think dyslexic children have trouble identifying phonemes—the tiny sounds that make up words, such as the "c" sound in "cat."

Myth: Children can outgrow dyslexia.

Fact: Dyslexic children become dyslexic adults. If they are identified and given the right kind of help early, poor readers can learn to compensate for their disability and read accurately. Still, reading may always be difficult for them. Researchers say that reading-disabled children whose problems are not caught by age 9 will not catch up with their peers by the time they graduate from high school.

Myth: More boys than girls are dyslexic.

Fact: As many girls as boys suffer from reading disabilities, according to studies conducted at Yale University. Girls' reading problems, however, more often go undetected.

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