March 24, 1999

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Vol. 18, Issue 28
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The decision to use Ritalin to control her son's inattention and lack of focus in school was a reluctant one for Cindy Welch.

The 25-year-old California teacher has a bachelor's degree in special education, two years' experience in an "inclusive" classroom, and a passion for teaching students with disabilities.
After weeks of wrangling, Michigan lawmakers have at least agreed on this much: Authority over Detroit's ailing schools should shift away from the city's elected school board. But who should get that power remained a burning question in Lansing last week, as the state House surprised the Senate with a substitute for the bill that had been widely expected to breeze through both chambers.
Departments
St. Louis has become the latest big-city school district to close the books on a decades-long struggle over desegregation, following a federal judge's approval of a settlement in a lawsuit brought by black families 27 years ago.
Departments

Judge Won't Delay Effect of NCAA-Eligibility Ruling

Federal statisticians are reviewing scores from a 1998 national reading assessment to see if some states improved their standing because they excluded higher proportions of students with disabilities and limited English skills than they did in earlier tests.

Neither parents nor teachers are very enthusiastic about parental involvement in school governance, a survey released last week suggests, despite policymakers' continuing interest in the idea.
An elementary school curriculum that emphasizes conflict resolution, negotiation, and decisionmaking skills can reduce the chances that students will commit violent acts, abuse alcohol, and engage in risky sexual relationships as teenagers, a study released last week says.

Infant Mortality Drops;
Injuries Cause Most Child Deaths:
Great improvements have been made in reducing the number of children who die each year, but there are some exceptions, notes a new report from the Child Welfare League of America.
Departments
The rural, slow-paced lifestyle of the Eastern Shore of Virginia--a jagged peninsula set off by the Chesapeake Bay--helps distinguish the region from the more populous parts of the state.
As part of their routine hiring practices, Clark County, Nev., school officials scour colleges across the country and use innovative technology to try to recruit enough teachers to fill classrooms in the fast-growing district.
Less than a month into their legislative session, Florida lawmakers are knee-deep in debate over a plan to provide taxpayer-financed tuition vouchers to students in the state's most academically troubled schools.
Departments
In a signal that he sees education as a top legislative priority, Ohio Gov. Bob Taft this month used his first State of the State Address to propose a controversial use of the state's projected budget surplus: Spend it on the schools.
Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Ridge is hammering out the details of a statewide voucher plan that he says would give failing schools--and the students in them--the tools to succeed.

The following is a summary of governors' education budget proposals for fiscal 2000. The total for K-12 education includes money for state education administration, but does not include federal, flow-through dollars.

If the Department of Education is going to raise the credibility of the research it supports, a new report concludes, it must bolster its system for outside review of grant proposals.

Departments

The long-awaited final rules implementing the current version of the nation's main special education law have brought some relief to school officials and advocacy groups, but Republicans have yet to rule out the possibility of amending the law.

Child-care advocates, researchers, and state policymakers came to Capitol Hill last week seeking to protect and expand block grants given under the 1996 welfare- reform law.

State education leaders went to Capitol Hill last week to urge Congress to keep their agencies in the federal budget loop.

The House is considering a measure that would move administration of the impact-aid program to the Department of the Treasury. Some school officials say the Department of Education is doing a poor job with the program now.

Education would come out a big winner under the Republican budget blueprints shepherded through committees in the House and the Senate last week. But party-line votes in both panels may signal looming battles over federal spending priorities.

As the United States waged war in Europe against fascism, a leading European intellectual issued a clarion call for America to mount a similar battle on the homefront: a crusade against racism. Published in 1944, Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy was never a best seller. But its influence on U.S. opinionmakers was profound.
In 1899, on the threshold of a new century, a little-known court case out of Georgia set the tone for the battle against educational apartheid that was to emerge as one of America's most searing social struggles of the next 100 years.

Growing up in Tulsa, Okla., in the 1920s, the historian John Hope Franklin attended the city's "separate schools." As cut off as he was from his white peers, though, Franklin was by no means unaware of how his segregated schools stacked up.

Like a sharp knife slicing through the heart of 20th-century America, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka divides education in the past 100 years into two distinct eras.
With little fanfare, President Lyndon B. Johnson's administration released a two-volume report on July 2, 1966. That report, On Equality of Educational Opportunity, is now widely regarded as the most important education study of the 20th century.
The lawyers who waged war against Jim Crow schools in the early 1950s turned for ammunition to the social scientists of their day--none more prominently than Kenneth B. Clark.

It takes just one look at the San Francisco schools to see that desegregation reaches far beyond black and white.

Race issues continue to plague this nation, and social class is closely entwined with race as families decide whether to move or remain within public schools, one of the greatest equalizing institutions in our history.
FOUNDATION SUPPORT: Coverage of specific topics in Education Week is supported in part by grants from the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the CME Group Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, the NoVo Foundation, the Noyce Foundation, the Raikes Foundation, the Wallace Foundation, and the Walton Family Foundation. The newspaper retains sole editorial control over the content of the articles that are underwritten by the foundations. Additional grants in support of Editorial Projects in Education’s data journalism and video capacity come from the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust and the Schott Foundation for Public Education. (Updated 1/1/2017)

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