July 13, 1994

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Vol. 13, Issue extra edition
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A New York State law that created a public school district for a village of Hasidic Jews is a form of "religious favoritism'' that violates the First Amendment's prohibition against government establishment of religion, the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled.
Most of the attention paid to the Clinton Administration's education agenda has centered on its push to set rigorous academic standards and create a new system for assessing students' progress.
An Ohio judge has struck down the state's school-finance system, ruling that a 1979 decision by the state supreme court that upheld the system is no longer valid.
A multimillion-dollar grant from a Detroit foundation will enable 18 of the city's 166 public elementary schools to adopt the reform model developed by the noted child psychiatrist James P. Comer.
Concerned that political instability in Haiti and Cuba might prompt an influx of refugee students, the Dade County, Fla., school board has approved a plan to serve new immigrant students in makeshift classrooms instead of in regular schools.
Vexed by a chronically high 9th-grade dropout rate, Detroit school officials fhave proposed that all district students at that level be pulled out of high schools and placed elsewhere.
National News Roundup, July 13, 1994
News Update July 13, 1994
District News Roundup July 13, 1994
People News July 13, 1994
The New York City school system has no way of determining whether the 130,000 students enrolled in special education are improving their skills, according to a report by the city comptroller.
Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani of New York wants the city school system to begin dismantling much of its central administration by September.
Students with disabilities should be included in national, state, and local assessment programs to a far greater extent than they are now, a new report urges.
Special Education Column July 13, 1994
Hillary Rodham Clinton kicked off the N.E.A. Representative Assembly's meeting here last week with an appeal for the union's support in passing the Administration's embattled health-care plan.
As members move toward a crucial year that could ultimately change the face of the National Education Association, they are anticipating the beginning of a high-stakes campaign for the leadership of the 2.2 million-member union.
Members of the National Education Association voted at their annual meeting here last week to explore for another year the option of merging with the union's rival, the American Federation of Teachers.
Caught in a financial brier patch, Texas education officials are considering ending their free-spending approach to selecting textbooks.
Private Schools Column, July 13, 1994
When a team of teachers in the Charlotte County school district set out on a comprehensive revision of the science curriculum last year,they were delighted to get an offer of help from the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Curriculum Column July 13, 1994
More than two centuries after the Founding Fathers debated the merits of creating a strong central government, scholars and educators are traversing some of the same territory as they develop voluntary civics standards for the nation's schools.
Bilingual Education Column July 13, 1994
Educators and civic leaders in Boston are hailing a "new era of hope'' with the approval of an innovative teachers' contract and the release of final details of a renewed partnership among business, labor, and the schools.
A federal judge has upheld the Chicago school-reform law against a challenge by principals who claimed it unconstitutionally gave parents too much power.
After months of heated debate, the Chicago board of education has approved a plan aimed at helping the city's schools improve.
Children & Families Column July 13, 1994
What happens to the remaining $380 million of Walter H. Annenberg's $500 million gift to public education will likely remain a mystery until the late summer or early fall.
The early results of a program that offers education and other services to young mothers on welfare signal the difficulties that may lie ahead in implementing President Clinton's proposal to "end welfare as we know it.''
Top education officials from the United States, Canada, Mexico, Russia, and nine Pacific and Asian nations met in Hawaii last week for the first time to discuss their approaches to difficult education issues.
Handing Gov. J. Fife Symington a bittersweet victory, Arizona lawmakers have passed a package of education-reform and child-welfare bills. The education measure, which passed overwhelmingly in the Republican-controlled legislature during a three-day special session last month, did not include a voucher program proposed by the Governor. The plan would have given a limited number of poor families state money to pay private school tuition.
State Journal July 13, 1994
News In Brief July 13, 1994
Legislative Update July 13, 1994
When the Agriculture Department announced plans last month to revamp the federal school-meals programs, many educators and nutrition advocates felt that the government was finally waking up from a long slumber.
Congress has protected the interests of special-needs children in committee-level work on health-care-reform legislation, according to special-education advocates.
Secretary of Education Richard W. Riley last week awarded Hawaii education officials more than $400,000, the first education-reform planning grant to be distributed under the new Goals 2000: Educate America Act.
In a fiscal 1995 spending bill passed recently by the House, lawmakers approved language that would require the Education Department to conduct much of its research through the newly reorganized office of educational research and improvement, a move that would reduce the Clinton Administration's control of some of its own education initiatives.
A new federal vocational-education report calls for replacing the "general'' track in high schools with career-preparation programs that meld academic and vocational studies.
Education groups emerged as big winners in the first round of competition for grants under AmeriCorps, the Clinton Administration initiative that is to give young people aid for college tuition or job training in exchange for community service.
News in Brief (Washington) July 13, 1994
Senior officials of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration are expected to meet this month to decide the fate of the agency's decade-old "teacher in space'' program.
The U.S. Supreme Court has issued two rulings that narrow the scope of the federal Voting Rights Act, but legal observers disagree about the decisions' potential impact on cases involving minority representation on school boards.
Following are excerpts from the U.S. Supreme Court's majority, concurring, and dissenting opinions in Board of Education of Kiryas Joel Village School District v. Grumet.
Nine-year-old Brianna Stump of Nicholasville, Ky., spent more than a month putting together a portfolio of the best language-arts work she produced in 4th grade. These are a few of the items she included: an imaginary magazine interview with Harriet Tubman, a reading log, an audiotape of a speech she prepared for her 4-H group, an essay discussing examples of friendship in the novel Charlotte's Web, and colorfully crayoned book jackets.
The Big Easy is no picnic for Ken Ducote. Crooked contractors and plodding architects are just routine headaches for the director of facility planning for the New Orleans public schools. On odd days, he's tangled with bats nesting in attics, ghosts haunting classrooms built over a graveyard, and prostitutes plying their trade next to schools.
Africa has its killer bees and California has the Medfly, but New Orleans has the Formosan termite. And hard as it may be to believe, the fate of the city's schools rests on whether this half-inch insect can be stamped out.
Like most teachers, Janice Toth has always known that, after a long and lazy summer break, her students would need to spend most of September reviewing material they had already learned the year before.
Anthony D. Pellegrini is a flake. At least, that's what some acquaintances conclude after learning that his life's work is studying children's recess play.
Bigger is not necessarily better when it comes to managing and funding state school systems, suggests a new analysis by researcher Herbert J. Walberg and his son.
I spend a lot of time in my car and, because Americans do an impressive amount of communicating with each other from the rear ends of their cars, I gain considerable perspective from the bumper stickers I see. People deploy bumper stickers for a variety of reasons: to proclaim their political or religious beliefs; to comment on their car or its accomplishments (climbing Pike's Peak, for example); to urge others to love their mothers or hug their children (fathers are notably absent from this genre); to share a pithy statement or bit of personal philosophy ("I'd rather be sailing''); and finally, to make the world aware of their child's status as an "honor'' student.
Letters to the Editor July 13, 1994
Books: New in Print July 13, 1994
Deadlines July 13, 1994
Events July 13, 1994
FOUNDATION SUPPORT: Coverage of specific topics in Education Week is supported in part by grants from the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the CME Group Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, the NoVo Foundation, the Noyce Foundation, the Raikes Foundation, the Wallace Foundation, and the Walton Family Foundation. The newspaper retains sole editorial control over the content of the articles that are underwritten by the foundations. Additional grants in support of Editorial Projects in Education’s data journalism and video capacity come from the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust and the Schott Foundation for Public Education. (Updated 1/1/2017)

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