June 17, 1992

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Vol. 11, Issue 39
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When American schoolchildren learn the legends of their nation's leaders, they are certain to hear about how Abraham Lincoln grew up in a stark log cabin with a dirt floor and only the light of a candle to study by at night.
Even as lawsuits challenging the way states fund their schools rack up an unprecedented courtroom winning streak, some lawyers and educators are suggesting that the school-finance movement focus less on the issue of money and more on the quality of education itself.
At the heart of Ross Perot's independent campaign for President is his appeal as a leader untainted by politics. But the Texas billionaire is hardly a neophyte in the public- policy arena.
A conservative advocacy group took another step last week in its national litigation strategy to push parental choice in education by announcing lawsuits demanding that groups of low-income parents and children in Chicago and Los Angeles receive state vouchers for private-school tuition.
Throughout her entire athletic career at Eau Gallie High School in Melbourne, Fla., Karen Kull never once had a woman coach for any of the four sports she played. Many of the male coaches she had were fine, some even tremendous, she says, but there was one male coach with whom she had a particularly galling experience.
Garlic is prized for the zest it lends to many dishes. Now, for the schools of Gilroy, Calif., it will also put money in the bank.
A federal appeals court has ruled that a Tennessee school district must pay for a student's treatment in a psychiatric hospital where he was placed by his parents.
A state appeals court in California has ruled that a state law prohibiting disabled teachers over age 60 from collecting disability benefits violates federal prohibitions against age discrimination.
City officials in Yonkers, N.Y., last week presented a federal judge with a plan designed to resolve the city's longstanding school- and housing-desegregation case. (See Education Week, April 22,1992.)
A Connecticut educator has been named to head the troubled Chelsea, Mass., schools.
WASHINGTON--School-based service programs and other community- service projects nationwide will share $63.1 million in the first round of grants awarded by the federal Commission on National and Community Service.
Despite the nation's continuing economic problems, a new study by the Association for School, College, and University Staffing depicts a relatively auspicious marketplace for teachers in most subject areas.
his spring, teachers at Hull (Mass.) High School decided to experiment with "Saturday school'' for freshmen and sophomores who were having trouble with their classwork.
When Genaro Bueno was in high school, he was having trouble and never thought he would find the means to pay for college.
A child's comfort with aggression is the most important factor in predicting his or her tendency to want a gun, a survey of students by the Gun Safety Institute has found.
Employment and recreation programs for urban teenagers that saw their budgets slashed during the recession are getting more attention and, in some cases, more money-in the wake of the Los Angeles riot.
Latino students in New York City tend to attend public schools with a shortage of personnel and an abundance of minority students and underachievers, a new report by a commission created by the city school board has concluded.
WASHINGTON--Many school districts appear to be routinely withholding Chapter 1 services from students from disadvantaged backgrounds if the students also happen to be of limited English proficiency, according to a report released by the U.S. Education Department.
When I.A. Ghazalah, an economics professor at Ohio University, set out to examine the earnings of the state's vocational-education graduates, he did not expect to become a champion of the programs.
The superintendent of the Boston school district has launched an effort that is expected to result in a plan to decentralize the system next fall.
Children of mothers with low I.Q. scores benefit significantly from early-intervention programs, a new report concludes.
Devoting its entire weekly issue to the topic of violence, the Journal of the American Medical Association last week published separate studies concluding that urban teenagers have ready access to handguns, that they are more likely to be murdered by gunfire in urban areas than nonurban areas, and that gun-related homicides of black teenage males increased significantly in the last decade in nearly half of8O U.S. counties
Race plays an important role in the nation's infant-mortality rate, even among college-educated mothers, the results of a new study suggest.
As hundreds of high-school exchange students from the former nation of Yugoslavia completed a year o study in the United States this month, many exchange program officials found themselves in a bind, unable either to send the students home or to let them stay.
The Pew Charitable Trusts were scheduled this week to announce two grants totaling $10.2 million to support the ongoing restructuring of the Philadelphia school system.
BALTIMORE--As representatives of 17 nations gathered here this month for an unprecedented international seminar on urban school design, the conversation focused on American inequality as much as it did on European innovation.
Two law professors at the University of California at Berkeley have drafted a model plan for providing school choice that would benefit low-income children, in particular, in the form of a statewide ballot initiative.
The U.S. Bureau of the Census and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development classify housing units according to whether the units have physical or structural deficiencies. A unit is classified as having "severe" physical problems if it has one or more of the following five deficiencies:
In a step toward collaborating on building assessments, officials from a number of states reported here this month that they have drafted guidelines for new assessments in two subject areas.
A Massachusetts proposal to provide state funding for a high-school track-and-field facility in Boston is stirring up some caustic political debate.
Delaware officials are set to announce this week an unusual partnership involving local districts, the state, higher-education institutions, and businesses to set standards in key subjects and to develop assessments to measure student performance against the standards.
The following are summaries of final actions by legislatures on education- related matters.
The Oklahoma legislature has passed a measure designed to restore the state's teacher-retirement fund to firm financial footing by injecting $1 billion into the system over the next 25 years.
Although South Carolina's schools improved markedly during the 1980's, student achievement must improve at an even faster rate during the 1990's for the state to meet academic goals for 2000, a report concludes.
The Kentucky Supreme Court has issued a ruling that both supports and reverses state lawmakers on a key provision of the state's education-reform law barring school employees from participating in board elections.
A compromise bill aimed at tempering teachers' strikes in Pennsylvania has been waylaid by the inclusion of several controversial but essentially unrelated provisions.
Judges in Tennessee and Illinois have dismissed school-finance lawsuits, in both cases ruling that the legislature--and not the courts--was responsible for any changes.
Representative Jamie L. Whitten last week agreed to relinquish day-to-day control of the House Appropriations Committee, shortly before House Democrats were scheduled to discuss the possibility of forcing him to step down as committee chairman.
Dozens of school districts serving military installations across the country have seen their enrollments expand by the hundreds during this school year as domestic military realignments and armed-forces reductions in Europe force the relocation of troops and their children.
WASHINGTON--Conferees last week began working to reconcile House and Senate bills reauthorizing the Higher Education Act, ratifying agreements that had been crafted by aides over the last several weeks but leaving the most controversial issue to be resolved when the conference continues this week.
A federal appeals court has upheld the U.S. Education Department's rule on the allocation of Chapter 1 compensatory-education aid to students in religious schools, the second ruling of its kind at the appellate level.
Labor Department officials said last week that school-based work programs were not the primary target of a recent strike-force sweep that disclosed widespread abuses of child-labor laws nationwide.
A recent front-page article in Education Week reports that programs for the gifted are coming under fire in many districts throughout the country ("Budget Cutters, School Reformers Taking Aim at Gifted Education," March 18, 1992). While this news may be troubling, especially for those whose job title contains the word "gifted," it is not altogether negative, nor should it be surprising. Fbr a number of reasons, the field of "gifted education" seems to be passing its peak in terms of funding, interest, and community support. Many of these reasons are outside the control, or even the influence, of practitioners, researchers, and theorists in the field.
Random House Inc. and the Voyager Software Company are updating a venerable publishing imprint for the computer age.
Church Schools & Public Money: The Politics of Parochiad, by Ed Doerr & Albert J. Mendenez (Prometheus Books, 700 E. Amherst St., Buffalo, N.Y. 14215; 156 pp., $14.95 paper). Examines and critiques the attitudes and activities of government at the federal, state, and local levels regarding financial aid for parochial schools; argues against current efforts based on school choice to support private schools with public funds.
There is a growing interest in the impact of the home and cultural values on student achievement. The focus is turning away from academic institutions toward the exploration of the crisis in family life as the primary source of educational failure.
FOUNDATION SUPPORT: Coverage of specific topics in Education Week is supported in part by grants from the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the CME Group Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, the NoVo Foundation, the Noyce Foundation, the Raikes Foundation, the Wallace Foundation, and the Walton Family Foundation. The newspaper retains sole editorial control over the content of the articles that are underwritten by the foundations. Additional grants in support of Editorial Projects in Education’s data journalism and video capacity come from the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust and the Schott Foundation for Public Education. (Updated 1/1/2017)

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