June 3, 1992

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Vol. 11, Issue 37
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Worried that they are placing preschoolers and disabled students in danger by transporting them on buses without proper restraints, transportation and school officials are moving to develop safety guidelines.
HUGOTON, KAN.--As Gladys Renfro points out highlights in the sprawling historical museum she manages here, it becomes obvious that the lore of this and other towns in southwestern Kansas is largely a tale of survival.
The Edison Project, Whittle Communications' plan to develop a nationwide for-profit system of innovative private schools, gained new impetus last week with the surprise announcement that Benno C. Schmidt Jr., the president of Yale University, would leave his post to lead the effort.
WASHINGTON--In what President Bush called ''troubling statistics," the National Assessment of Educational Progress last week reported that U.S. students do very little reading in or out of school.
The most ambitious national effort undertaken so far to raise the status and quality of the teaching force is struggling to surmount a number of difficulties that are complicating its work.
More than three-quarters of American teenagers believe that threats of violence against students are a problem in their schools, according to a survey commissioned by Camp Fire Boys and Girls.
Mindful of the popularity of trading cards of baseball players, television characters, and comic-book heroes, an enterprising science institution in Oregon is hoping to use the craze to interest youngsters in careers in science.
Nearly 6 percent of Arizona's public-school students take advantage of locally adopted open-enrollment policies, with the majority choosing to attend schools within the same district, according to a recent survey.
The Quincy, Mass., school committee has voted to allow prayers at the graduation ceremonies this month of its two high schools, defying a ruling against such prayers by the federal appellate court whose jurisdiction includes Massachusetts.
The Mississippi Board of Education has chosen Tom Burnham as the state's new superintendent of education.
Sidney P. Marland Jr., who served as the top U.S. education official in the Nixon Administration, died last week at his home in Hampton, Conn. He was 77.
The State of Maryland has been accepted as a member of an international organization of government agencies concerned with school construction, Gov. William Donald Schaefer announced last week.
Nearly one-quarter of American high-school students believe that parents in their neighborhoods rarely are involved in preparing their children for school and schoolwork, a national survey concludes.
High-achieving female students who postpone plans for marriage and childbearing are more likely to achieve career success, according to a longitudinal study of high-school valedictorians and salutatorians released last week.
Differences between urban and suburban schools are evident in the paychecks of young workers, according to researchers at Wichita State University, who say a study detected significant differences in the quality of schooling inside and outside the nation's cities.
Resurrecting a practice from the days when outlaws roamed the Wild West, a New Jersey school district is using "bounty hunters" to track down students illegitimately attending its schools.
WASHINGTON--The New American Schools Development Corporation has postponed selecting the winners of its design competition to reinvent American schools until July 7.
In one of the first studies of its kind, Charles F. Manski, a professor of economics at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, used an econometric model to examine the effects, particularly on low-income youths, of a voucher system. Analyzing the assumptions of both choice advocates and critics, Mr. Manski concluded that the nation "should not rush to implement voucher programs.''
Almost all parents have feelings of trepidation when they place infants from birth to age 3 in the care of others while they work
Researchers at the Educational Testing Service have developed a method of testing that allow test takers to construct their own responses while permitting the answers to be cored by computer.
Improving public education is "by far the most significant'' long-term strategy Los Angeles County, Calif., can employ to fight gangs, a study by the county district attorney's office concludes.
Public schools in Chicago are unnecessarily and illegally segregating students with disabilities, a group of parents and advocates has charged in a federal class action.
The Milwaukee school system would more evenly distribute its resources among schools, and less evenly distribute its black teachers, under a broad plan for change in the coming school year proposed by Superintendent of Schools Howard L. Fuller.
Under the leadership of its new president, the Danforth Fbundation will broaden its grant-making to include an additional emphasis on early-childhood programs and partnerships between school districts and social-service agencies.
WASHINGTON--The National Academy of Sciences has named more than 90 educators, scientists, and others to four panels that will develop national standards for precollegiate science curriculum, teaching, and assessment.
Assessing young children by rating portfolios of their work is a promising alternative to standardized tests, concludes a report that synthesizes the work of a consortium devoted to reforming early childhood education.
Even with Medicaid, many poor children are not receiving the health-care services they need, a new study concludes.
Revelations about the school-funding secrets that lay behind the "Green Door" are continuing to roil the political waters in the Georgia legislature.
A circuit-court judge in Harlan County, Ky., has reinstated three school-board members ousted by state officials and criticized the state's efforts to enforce governance provisions of Kentucky'S 1990 school-reform law.
A nearly two-decades-old debate in North Dakota over binding arbitration for teacher contracts will be resolved next week when the question goes before state voters.
California educators are bracing for an intense fight as lawmakers turn their attention to the state's projected budget shortfall, which forecasters say has doubled to more than $11 billion in the past few months.
A new statewide assessment administered to 170,000 Maryland students last month was so flawed that state education officials should invalidate its results, the state's largest teachers' union has urged.
The following are summaries of final actions by legislatures on education- related matters.
The Michigan House has upheld Gov. John Engler's veto of a bill that would have forced school energy- improvement contractors to pay workers union wages even for modest- scale projects.
Glitches in federal 8.!I.d state welfare- reform policies are making it "virtually impossible" for parents to get high-quality child care while they participate in education and training programs, a study released last week by the Children's Defense Fund contends.
Secretary of Education Lamar Alexander was scooped last week by the only person who could get away with it: President Bush
WASHINGTON--Some school districts coping with shrinking budgets are facing the prospect of having to discontinue school wide projects under Chapter 1 because they cannot meet strict requirements that state and local funding for such schools be maintained year to year.
WASHINGTON--The federal program designed to provide employment training for youths not planning to attend college and for adults who need special services appears more successful at boosting the earnings of its adult participants than those of the youths enrolled, a study has concluded.
WASHINGTON--If a balanced-budget amendment were adopted, billions of dollars would be cut from Education Department programs over the next several years, and other education programs would receive inflation- level increases at best, the House Budget Committee said in a report released last week.
When he was president of the University of Tennessee, U.S. Secretary of Education Lamar Alexander steered university business to political associates and an inn in which his wife held an interest, while intentionally concealing the connections, the Tennessee state comptroller has concluded.
Capital Update tracks the movement of legislation, the introduction of notable bills, and routine regulatory announcements.
WASHINGTON-The U.S. Supreme Court last week let stand a lower-court ruling in favor of a Texas school district whose board members dismissed the superintendent after he backed the losing slate in a school-board election.
Despite the earlier-than-expected availability of 1990 Census data, Secretary of Education Lamar Alexander last week said that he will not change his decision to use 1980 data to calculate 1992-93 grants under several programs.
Have you ever watched the faces of a set of parents to whom you've just shown their child's standardized-test scores?
In the introduction to his latest book, Christopher Jencks recalls that when he arrived in Washington as a young editor of The New Republic in 1961, the term "social policy'' was not part of the political vocabulary. Having switched from journalism to sociology in the intervening years, Mr. Jencks has built a distinguished career analyzing the epochal changes that have transformed perceptions of that now-familiar term.
U.S. Secretary of Education Lamar Alexander recently named 66 teachers as Christa McAuliffe Fellows in recognition of their achievements and innovations. The fellowships support educational-improvement projects or research sabbaticals.
We are, perhaps, at another crest of one of the continuing waves of education reform that wash over the country. The number of reports, conferences, articles, and proposals is overwhelming. Educators are addressing important issues.
FOUNDATION SUPPORT: Coverage of specific topics in Education Week is supported in part by grants from the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the CME Group Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, the NoVo Foundation, the Noyce Foundation, the Raikes Foundation, the Wallace Foundation, and the Walton Family Foundation. The newspaper retains sole editorial control over the content of the articles that are underwritten by the foundations. Additional grants in support of Editorial Projects in Education’s data journalism and video capacity come from the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust and the Schott Foundation for Public Education. (Updated 1/1/2017)

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