March 25, 1992

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Vol. 11, Issue 27
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WASHINGTON-Lawmakers leery of the idea of creating a national assessment system apparently have enough support to make major changes in pending legislation that could jeopardize the enterprise.
NEW YORK CITY--For a principal who lost five of her students to violent deaths in a single week last month, Carol A. Beck is a decided optimist.
WASHINGTON--As the Chapter 1 "program improvement" initiative enters its third year, many observers have concluded that the controversial program is not working as intended. Educators, researchers, and advocates familiar with Chapter 1 agree that lawmakers should retain the accountability concept when the Congress reassesses Chapter 1 next year, but that the improvement process needs a substantial overhaul.
Education schools have largely been able to maintain the quality of their teacher-training programs despite the budget cuts that have hit hard at higher education in many states in the past year, say school deans and other teacher educators.
While the major elements called for in Chicago's landmark school-reform act have been successfully put into place, the bulk of the city's schools have yet to make changes in basic classroom practices, a report released last week concludes.
Charleston County, S.C., has eliminated the vestiges of educational segregation despite the fact many of its schools remain overwhelmingly black or white, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit has ruled.
WASHINGTON--Black residential segregation lessened somewhat over the past decade, but the segregation of Hispanics intensified during that period, an analysis of data from the 1990 census concludes.
The nation's youths share friendships and values that transcend racial lines, but they remain deeply wary of other races and feel their own group is most affected by discrimination, a study released here last week suggests.
The Cleveland Board of Education, dominated by four members elected in November on a reform slate, has moved to replace Superintendent Frank J. Huml and to negotiate an end to the district's longstanding school-desegregation case.
CLEMSON, S.C.-If it were not for an innovative data base on dropout- prevention programs, Linda Vaughn would probably still be teaching 3rd graders at Centerville Elementary School in Anderson, S.C.
An international study of school systems offered lessons for reform in Alberta, Canada, that may sound familiar to U.S. educators.
A major study launched at the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill showed that high-quality early-intervention services dramatically improved the intellectual performance and behavioral competence of premature, low-birthweight infants by the time they reached age 3.
California school districts may charge fees for student bus transportation, the state Supreme Court ruled last week.
Five Denver elementary schools seeking to exercise newly won authority earned a significant victory this month when the Denver Board of Education approved the schools' requests to waive some testing requirements.
A loose coalition of independent associations of nonunion educators has taken the first steps toward incorporation in an attempt to become a national alternative to the dominant teachers' unions.
Americans could learn a lot about school reform by scrutinizing attempts at educational improvement in Great Britain, concludes a monograph written by John E. Chubb and Terry M. Moe and released last week by the Brookings Institution.
PASADENA, CALIF.-Alan Lazarus remembers his first attempt at bringing his scientific expertise to bear in a public-school classroom.
PASADENA, CALIF--The scientists and engineers who attended the National Science Resources Center's conference on science education here produced a set of recommendations designed to help guide reform efforts in the communities where they work as well as across the nation.
CHICAGO--To compete successfully in the publishing marketplace of I the 1990's, educational publishers must begin producing a new generation of mathematics materials that reflects both a new emphasis on electronic learning aids and a changing understanding of how math should be taught, according to leading math educators.
PASADENA, CALIF.--The body coordinating the development of national standards for science teaching, curriculum, and assessment has chosen the heads of two of the panels that will develop the standards and expects to name the third soon.
Shifts in the economy, changes in "the routines and realities" of family life, and the failure of institutions to respond to the realities have severely hampered "the capacity of typical families to raise their children well," a report tracking children's condition in the 1980's contends.
Seeking some social stimulation and school preparation for her son Courtney and more time to devote to her two younger children, Tina M. Stanley began trying to get him into a Head Start program in the North Shore, Mass., area a year ago.
The Tennessee Valley Authority last week announced that it will cut power costs to the 2,500 public-education institutions that the giant utility serves as part of an effort to support education improvement and to spur economic growth.
In an effort to strengthen the field of violence prevention for adolescents, three nonprofit groups are collaborating on a national project to I link practitioners, encourage research and evaluation, and change , the way movies and television I shows portray violence.
The DeWitt Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund has awarded a three-year, $1.1-million grant to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Center for Early Adolescence to help improve the preparation and training of teachers and staff members in the middle grades.
The American Telephone and Telegraph Company announced last month that it will donate nearly a quarter of a million dollars to several New Jersey programs that encourage girls to study mathematics, science, and engineering.
Students who have a tough time making the transition from elementary school to middle school, or from middle school to high school, may be at greater risk of dropping out than students who perform poorly in elementary school, the results of a new study suggest.
Teenagers appear to prefer smoking those brands of cigarettes that have the most aggressive marketing campaigns, the u.s. Centers for Disease Control concludes in a report.
Although Oregon has escaped the worst of the current recession, that has been little comfort for the education schools at the state's two leading universities. which have endured budget cutbacks as severe as those anywhere in the country.
A performance-based pay program for teachers championed by Gov. Terry E. Branstad is under attack in the Iowa legislature.
Gov. Ann W. Richards of Texas is expected to decide by next week whether to shut down 2 of 13 state schools for the mentally retarded, thus putting an end to a 19-year-old legal battle that has deeply divided the state's disability community.
In a last-minute move at the end of its session, the Washington legislature approved a measure that would "deregulate" the state's schools.
The shifting financial fortunes of New Jersey school districts have taken yet another turn with the release by the General Assembly'S Republican majority of a funding package that would provide less state aid than what Gov. James J. Florio has proposed.
State lawmakers searching for solutions to their increasingly frequent and intractable school-finance-equity dilemmas are beginning to look to technology applications as a way of bridging the gap between rich and poor schools.
Governor Lawton Chiles of Florida last week vetoed the state budget for fiscal year 1993 passed by the legislature, saying it lacked adequate funding for education and other state services.
Ohio's controversial four-tiered high-school diploma system is expected to be quietly shelved this week, two years after it was adopted in a high-profile effort to raise student achievement.
WASHINGTON--After three years of fitful progress, legislation to retool the Job Training Partnership Act finally seems to be gaining momentum.
WASHlNGTON--A top Education Department official last week clashed with the chairman of a key House subcommittee over the chairman's proposal to overhaul the department's research branch, as a more modest reauthorization bill advanced in the Senate.
WASHINGTON--Democrats on the House Education and Labor Committee have abandoned an attempt to make Pell Grants an entitlement, and have exacted support for a pilot direct-loan program from the panel' leading Republicans.
WASHINGTON--A consortium of universities has wrested the federal research center on reading away from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, which has operated it for the past 15 years.
WASHINGTON-Secretary of Education Lamar Alexander last week offered more details of his evolving plan for an "America 2000 arts partnership" to strengthen arts education in the nation's schools.
A decade ago, I left elementary school teaching to become an assistant professor of education. Ten years, tenure, and two universities later, I am back in a public-school classroom-by choice, full time, on a one-year unpaid leave of absence from my university.
Jonathan Kozol finds an unusual forum for his views on school-funding inequities in the April issue of Playboy. The author of Savage Inequalities is April's "Playboy Interview."
The psychologists Harold W. Stevenson of the University of Michigan and James W. Stigler of the University of California at Los Angeles present in The Learning Gap lessons drawn from five studies comparing teachers, parents, children, schools, and educational practices in the United States and three Asian countries-Japan, Taiwan, and China.
Keys to the Classroom: A Teacher's Guide to the First Month of School, by Carrol Moran, Judy Stobbe, Wendy Baron, Janette Miller & Ellen Moir (Corwin Pres;;, 2455 Teller Rd., Newbury Park, Calif. 91320; 200 pp., $19.95 paper). Offers suggestions for setting up an effective classroom environment and creating a lesson plan to reinforce it.
Many people still think of a school health program as a health room, a few hours of instruction on health issues, and a part-time school nurse who dispenses aspirin and Band-Aids. While this image was probably never accurate, the health needs of students of the 1990's go far beyond it.
FOUNDATION SUPPORT: Coverage of specific topics in Education Week is supported in part by grants from the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the CME Group Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, the NoVo Foundation, the Noyce Foundation, the Raikes Foundation, the Wallace Foundation, and the Walton Family Foundation. The newspaper retains sole editorial control over the content of the articles that are underwritten by the foundations. Additional grants in support of Editorial Projects in Education’s data journalism and video capacity come from the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust and the Schott Foundation for Public Education. (Updated 1/1/2017)

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