October 23, 1991

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Vol. 11, Issue 08
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Elementary-school students in Louisville, Ky., who volunteered to be bused out of their neighborhoods would be paid, under a school-district proposal to modify one of the most emotionally charged school-busing programs of the 1970's.
SOMERSET, TEX.--In the modest school-administration building here, which used to house a drive-in restaurant called the Burger Barn, Superintendent Ann Dixon shuffles papers and punches a calculator as she ponders the state's new school-finance law.
To the guardians of many of the disciplines that make up the school curriculum, the most disturbing aspect of efforts to implement national goals for education are the things they do not say.
CLEVELAND--Even for a city accustomed to rough-and-tumble local politics, the school-board race here this fall has offered an exceptional mix of clashing personalities and deeply divisive issues.
Before the 1989 education summit between President Bush and the nation's governors, most educators talked about the creation of national standards and assessments as an idea that could never take root here.
The involuntary busing of Milwaukee public-school students would be reduced under a plan proposed this month by Howard L. Fuller, the city's superintendent of schools.
Teenagers are more likely than ever before to engage in risky behaviors that have lifelong consequences, a report from the Children's Defense Fund concludes.
On a fateful day two years ago, a Miami 2nd grader was blithely traveling with his classmates on a field trip, when suddenly the school bus screeched to a halt.
Two teachers have filed a $1-billion class action against the convicted junk-bond salesman Michael Milken and a New York investment firm, claiming misappropriation of state pension funds.
For the second time this fail, a California school district has rejected an "in-school" scouting program run by the Boy Scouts of America.
The ideal urban elementary school would feature a racially and ethnically mixed student enrollment, would be run by a parentdominated school council, and would empower teachers to make decisions about the curriculum and the grouping of students, according to a new book by a nationwide coalition of organizations interested in school restructuring.
Low-income minority youths who moved to better housing in suburban areas through a court-ordered program did better in school, were more likely to attend a four-year college, and obtained better jobs than their counterparts who relocated to city apartments, a recent study has found.
A new coalition of education and civil-rights groups has launched a campaign to overcome racial and ethnic divisions in American society.
Chicago teachers voted by a wide margin last week to strike on Nov. 18 if their union cannot reach an agreement on salary increases with the financially strapped board of education.
OAK RIDGE, TENN.--Shortly after the gates of this formerly "secret city" swung open at the end of World War II, talented graduate students began flocking to the area to study under some of the world's leading research scientists.
In March 1990, the English Journal, a periodical by the National Council of Teachers of English, published an essay by Karen Jost, a Wisconsin high-school teacher with an "admittedly heretical" point of view. Her contention, a rebuttal to the prevailing wisdom in the field, was simple: High-school writing teachers should not write.
The International Reading Association has expressed concern about the promotional claims being made for "Hooked on Phonics," a widely advertised program that claims to help children and adults become "super readers" through the use of workbooks, cassette tapes, and flash cards.
A ballot measure to be decided by San Francisco voters Nov. 5 would guarantee a set level of funding for children's services and generate additional money for such services through property-tax revenues.
The Learning Channel, considered a relative lightweight on the cable-television spectrum until now, has been relaunched this month by its new owner with the hope of having a much bigger impact on educational television.
When Theodore R. Johnson, a Florida retiree, says that an education is "the most important thing a child can have in life," he is willing to put his money where his mouth is. All $36 million of it.
Students are paying 12 percent more this year than they did last year for tuition at four-year public colleges and universities, the first double-digit increase in eight years, according to the College Board's annual survey of college tuitions.
While "Apples for the Students" may be the marketing scheme with the highest profile among precollegiate educators, it is far from the only promotion operating on similar lines.
As recently as three years ago, students at Our Lady of Good Counsel, in the Virginia suburbs of Washington, made only sporadic use of the handful of classroom computers available to them.
Children should be taught from an early age that sexuality is a natural and healthy part of life, the first detailed set of national recommendations for school-based sex education concludes.
A federal judge has ordered two California men to stop an alleged cheating scheme that involved selling answers on the Scholastic Aptitude Test and Achievement Tests to students.
America 2000: Bush Administration plan released in April 1991. Calls for creating "American Achievement Tests" that would measure 4th, 8th, and 12th graders against "world-class standards" in five subjects: English, mathematics, science, history, and geography. Tests would be voluntary, but colleges would be encouraged to use them for admissions purposes, and employers would be urged to use them in hiring decisions.
Council of Urban Boards of Education: In September 1990, the council, a division of the National School Boards Association, unveiled six goals for improving urban schools. Its goals are to provide greater and more equitable funding for education; achieve racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic integration in metropolitan areas; promote excellence in urban districts; provide students with a multicultural education; strengthen the role of local school boards; and create greater public awareness about and confidence in the benefits of an urban education.
Following, and on the rest of these two pages, is a listing of organizations, projects, and initiatives promoting the idea of national goals, standards, and assessments.
Coordinating Council for Education: A division of the National Research Council, the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences.
The Condition of Education: Annual report published by the U.S. Education Department's National Center on Education Statistics since 1986. Provides national data on nearly 50 indicators of elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education. The National Science Foundation is also developing a biennial compendium of science-education indicators.
Next month's legislative elections in New Jersey could mark a major realignment in the state's education politics, analysts predicted last week.
Frustrated by the obscure, jargon-laden language that often fills bureaucratic reports, Commissioner of Education Thomas Sobol of New York is offering state education officials some advice that could have come from Henry David Thoreau-"Simplify! Simplify!"--or William Strunk Jr. and E.B. White, authors of The Elements of Style--"Omit needless words."
On a close vote and record-heavy turnout that reflected their strong feelings about both education reform and taxes, Oklahomans chose last week to keep a five-year, $2-billion school-improvement and revenue bill passed last year by the legislature.
Pete Wilson capped his first legislative session as Governor of California last week by signing bills aimed at keeping the state's children healthy and its school districts financially alive.
Maryland educators were furious last week over a last-minute legislative amendment granting county chief executives unprecedented control over education budgets.
WASHINGTON--The New American Schools Development Corporation last week unveiled its final "request for proposals," after making changes emphasizing the need for bids to address a broad academic focus and the widest possible student population.
WASHINGTON--A House committee last week approved compromise legislation that would allow school districts to use federal funds for private-school choice programs, and a key Democratic lawmaker acknowledged that opponents of federal funding for that purpose do not have the votes to defeat such a proposal.
WASHINGTON--Nearly a year after electing a new mayor who promised to use a shovel to clean out the troubled District of Columbia government, the nation's capital is enjoying a honeymoon with its ultimate bosses on Capitol Hill.
WASHINGTON--Clarence Thomas will hear his first cases as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court next month, when two major education-related cases are among those to be argued.
The U.S. Supreme Court last week declined to review lower-court decisions that a Louisiana school district was not required under the Education of the Handicapped Act to provide written notice to the parents of a retarded girl when it transferred her to a new school.
WASHINGTON--House and Senate conferees late last week were putting the final touches on a social'services spending bill that was expected to exceed $200 billion, including at least $30 billion for Education Department programs.
Is the Rochester experiment still alive? Do you have any evidence of progress?" These are questions asked of us with increasing frequency. The answer, of course, is that it would be too soon to declare our effort a failure or a success.
Lenora Sheppard is in her 30th year of teaching high-school algebra and geometry in a poor rural district in southern New Jersey. Far from burned out, Ms. Sheppard recently purchased a personal computer and began teaching her math class with a device that projects the computer image onto a wall screen.
In 1988, the New York-based writer Rita Kramer set out on what she characterizes as a voyage of the "ed-school establishment." Her log of that voyage, which included class-taking and interviews at more than a dozen schools of education in all parts of the country, will be published this week.
FOUNDATION SUPPORT: Coverage of specific topics in Education Week is supported in part by grants from the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the CME Group Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, the NoVo Foundation, the Noyce Foundation, the Raikes Foundation, the Wallace Foundation, and the Walton Family Foundation. The newspaper retains sole editorial control over the content of the articles that are underwritten by the foundations. Additional grants in support of Editorial Projects in Education’s data journalism and video capacity come from the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust and the Schott Foundation for Public Education. (Updated 1/1/2017)

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